quinine

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The skeletal formula of quinine.
The red cinchona (Cinchona pubescens), one of the Cinchona species from which quinine is obtained.

The noun is either:

Spanish quinaquina and French quinquina are both derived from Quechua kina-kina, a reduplication of kina (bark; (specifically) Cinchona bark).[3]

The verb is derived from the noun.[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

quinine (countable and uncountable, plural quinines)

  1. (pharmacology) An alkaloid with the chemical formula C₂₀H₂₄N₂O₂ derived from cinchona bark (from plants of the genus Cinchona) used to treat malaria and as an ingredient of tonic water, which presents as a bitter colourless powder; also, a drug containing quinine or a chemical compound derived from it. [from early 19th c.]
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, “2/9/1”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days, London: W[illiam] Collins Sons & Co., OCLC 23842407:
      He hadn't the faintest idea what to do with a cold in the head, he just took quinine and continued to blow his nose.
    • 1979, Lucile H. Brockway, Science and Colonial Expansion, New Haven, Conn.; London: Yale University Press, published 2002, →ISBN, page 127:
      I propose that the availability of increased stores of quinine under British control had a similar facilitating effect on the British colonial expansion into Africa in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
    • 2014, Olivia Williams, “Gin is the Tonic”, in Gin Glorious Gin: How Mother’s Ruin Became the Spirit of London, London: Headline Publishing Group, →ISBN, page 163:
      So far, the daily dose of quinine had been bitter and very unpalatable. [] To make the medicine go down more easily, colonialists occasionally mixed the powder with sugar, water and gin.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

quinine (third-person singular simple present quinines, present participle quinining, simple past and past participle quinined)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To treat (someone) with quinine.
    Synonym: quininize (obsolete)

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ quinine, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  2. ^ quinine, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020.
  3. ^ quinaquina, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “quinaquina, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  4. ^ quinine, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2019.

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

quinine f (plural quinines)

  1. quinine

References[edit]

  • quinine” in the Dictionnaire de l’Académie française, 8th Edition (1932–35).

Further reading[edit]