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The noun is either:
- derived from Spanish quina (“quinine”) (a clipping of quinaquina (“Cinchona bark”)) + English -ine (suffix forming names of chemical substances, especially (among others) alkaloidal substances);; or
- borrowed from French quinine, from quin(quina) (“Cinchona bark”) + -ine (feminine form of -in (suffix forming nouns)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkwɪ.niːn/, /kwɪˈniːn/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkwaɪ.naɪn/, /ˈkwɪ.naɪn/, /kwɪˈnaɪn/, /ˈkwɪ.nin/, /ˈkɪ.nin/
- Rhymes: -iːn, -aɪn (some pronunciations)
- Hyphenation: qui‧nine
- (pharmacology) An alkaloid with the chemical formula C₂₀H₂₄N₂O₂ derived from cinchona bark (from plants of the genus Cinchona) used to treat malaria and as an ingredient of tonic water, which presents as a bitter colourless powder; also, a drug containing quinine or a chemical compound derived from it. [from early 19th c.]
- 1979, Lucile H. Brockway, Science and Colonial Expansion, New Haven, Conn.; London: Yale University Press, published 2002, →ISBN, page 127:
- I propose that the availability of increased stores of quinine under British control had a similar facilitating effect on the British colonial expansion into Africa in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
- 2014, Olivia Williams, “Gin is the Tonic”, in Gin Glorious Gin: How Mother’s Ruin Became the Spirit of London, London: Headline Publishing Group, →ISBN, page 163:
- So far, the daily dose of quinine had been bitter and very unpalatable. […] To make the medicine go down more easily, colonialists occasionally mixed the powder with sugar, water and gin.
- quinamicine (archaic)
- quinamidine (archaic)
- quinetum (obsolete)
- quinia (obsolete)
- quinidia (archaic)
- quinina (archaic)
- quinism (historical)
- quinoidine (archaic)
- quinologist (historical)
- quinology (archaic, historical)
- quinotannic (archaic)
- quinovatannic (archaic)
- quinovate (archaic)
- quinovin (archaic)
- quinovite (archaic)
alkaloid used to treat malaria
- quinined (adjective)
to treat (someone) with quinine
- ^ “quinine, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- ^ “quinine, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020.
- ^ “quinaquina, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “quinaquina, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- ^ “quinine, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2019.
quinine f (plural quinines)
- “quinine” in the Dictionnaire de l’Académie française, 8th Edition (1932–35).