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From con- (with, shared) + taberna (hut; tent).



contubernium n (genitive contuberniī); second declension

  1. (historical military) A squad of soldiers sharing a single tent, usually 6–8 men.
  2. attendance (in war)
  3. attendance, accompanying (of teachers, friends, etc.)
  4. marriage of slaves
  5. a dwelling together (referring to animals)
  6. a dwelling of different persons
  7. (in general) household, company


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative contubernium contubernia
genitive contuberniī contuberniōrum
dative contuberniō contuberniīs
accusative contubernium contubernia
ablative contuberniō contuberniīs
vocative contubernium contubernia


  • (unit of soldiers): centuria (10 contubernia); cohors (60 contubernia); legio (notionally 600 contubernia)

Related terms[edit]



  • contubernium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • contubernium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “contubernium”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • contubernium” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • contubernium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • contubernium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin