crann

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish crann, from Proto-Celtic *kʷresnom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crann m (genitive singular crainn, nominative plural crainn)

  1. tree
  2. pole, stake
  3. beam
  4. trunk, handle
  5. (construction) wood, timber, lumber
  6. (nautical) mast
  7. crane (device)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
crann chrann gcrann
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kʷresnom. Cognate to Welsh pren.[1]

Noun[edit]

crann n (genitive cruinn)

  1. tree
    • c. 760, Blathmac mac Con Brettan, published in "A study of the lexicon of the poems of Blathmac Son of Cú Brettan" (2017; PhD thesis, National University of Ireland Maynooth), edited and with translations by Siobhán Barrett, stanza 64
      To·fich sruth folo – ró tinn – combu derg snob cech óenchruinn.
      A stream of blood gushed forth – too severe – so that the bark of every single tree was red.
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 61b13
      .i. don chrunn fésin is nomen buxum hi sin, ni don torud ⁊ is ainsid neutair.
      The word buxum here is for the tree itself, not for the fruit, and it is an accusative neuter.
  2. wood, timber
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 18b4
      .i. roth cruind forsa ndenat na cerda in lestrai nui ł. cran cruin immua mbiat ocua ndenum.
      i.e. a round wheel on which the potters make the new vessels, or a round piece of wood around which [the potters] are while making [the vessels].

Inflection[edit]

Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative crannN crannN crannL, cranna
Vocative crannN crannN crannL, cranna
Accusative crannN crannN crannL, cranna
Genitive cruinnL crann crannN
Dative crunnL crannaib crannaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Irish: crann

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
crann chrann crann
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko, “*kʷresno-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, 2009, →ISBN, page 181

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish crann, from Proto-Celtic *kʷresnom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crann m (genitive singular crainn or croinn, plural crainn or croinn)

  1. tree
  2. (nautical) mast
  3. bar (of wood, metal, etc.)
  4. plough
  5. bolt (fastener)
  6. crane (device)
  7. saltire

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
crann chrann
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • crann” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • crann”, in Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors, eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, 2019