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From crux (cross) +‎ .



cruciō (present infinitive cruciāre, perfect active cruciāvī, supine cruciātum); first conjugation

  1. I crucify
  2. I torture


   Conjugation of cruciō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cruciō cruciās cruciat cruciāmus cruciātis cruciant
imperfect cruciābam cruciābās cruciābat cruciābāmus cruciābātis cruciābant
future cruciābō cruciābis cruciābit cruciābimus cruciābitis cruciābunt
perfect cruciāvī cruciāvistī cruciāvit cruciāvimus cruciāvistis cruciāvērunt, cruciāvēre
pluperfect cruciāveram cruciāverās cruciāverat cruciāverāmus cruciāverātis cruciāverant
future perfect cruciāverō cruciāveris cruciāverit cruciāverimus cruciāveritis cruciāverint
passive present crucior cruciāris, cruciāre cruciātur cruciāmur cruciāminī cruciantur
imperfect cruciābar cruciābāris, cruciābāre cruciābātur cruciābāmur cruciābāminī cruciābantur
future cruciābor cruciāberis, cruciābere cruciābitur cruciābimur cruciābiminī cruciābuntur
perfect cruciātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect cruciātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect cruciātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cruciem cruciēs cruciet cruciēmus cruciētis crucient
imperfect cruciārem cruciārēs cruciāret cruciārēmus cruciārētis cruciārent
perfect cruciāverim cruciāverīs cruciāverit cruciāverīmus cruciāverītis cruciāverint
pluperfect cruciāvissem cruciāvissēs cruciāvisset cruciāvissēmus cruciāvissētis cruciāvissent
passive present crucier cruciēris, cruciēre cruciētur cruciēmur cruciēminī crucientur
imperfect cruciārer cruciārēris, cruciārēre cruciārētur cruciārēmur cruciārēminī cruciārentur
perfect cruciātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect cruciātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cruciā cruciāte
future cruciātō cruciātō cruciātōte cruciantō
passive present cruciāre cruciāminī
future cruciātor cruciātor cruciantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cruciāre cruciāvisse cruciātūrum esse cruciārī cruciātum esse cruciātum īrī
participles cruciāns cruciātūrus cruciātus cruciandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cruciandī cruciandō cruciandum cruciandō cruciātum cruciātū

Derived terms[edit]


  • crucio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • crucio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • crucio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to suffer agonies of thirst: siti cruciari, premi
    • to feel acute pain: doloribus premi, angi, ardere, cruciari, distineri et divelli
    • to suffer torments of expectation, delay: exspectatione torqueri, cruciari
    • the pains of torture: cruciatūs tormentorum