dair

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See also: dáir, dàir, and Dair

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish dair, from Proto-Celtic *daru, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru.

Noun[edit]

dair f (genitive singular darach or dara, nominative plural daracha)

  1. oak
Declension[edit]
As a fifth-declension noun
As a third-declension noun
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

dair (present analytic daireann, future analytic dairfidh, verbal noun dar, past participle dartha)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of doir
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Preposition[edit]

dair

  1. Alternative form of dar (by)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dair dhair ndair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "dair" in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “dair” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “dair” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier daur, from Proto-Celtic *daru, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru; compare Ancient Greek δόρυ (dóru, tree).

Noun[edit]

dair f (genitive dara or darach)

  1. oak
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 38a9
      quercus .i. daur
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 33a5
      is clí darach Moysi
      oaken pillar of Moses

Inflection[edit]

Feminine k-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dair daraigL daraig
Vocative dair daraigL daracha
Accusative daraigN daraigL daracha
Genitive darach darach darachN
Dative daraigL darachaib darachaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dair dairL dairiH
Vocative dair dairL dairiH
Accusative dairN dairL dairiH
Genitive daroH, daraH daroH, daraH daireN
Dative dairL dairib dairib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: dair
  • Manx: darragh
  • Scottish Gaelic: darach

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dair dair
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish دائر(da'ir, dayir), from Arabic دَائِر‎(dāʾir), active participle of دَارَ(dāra, to revolve around). Compare Kumyk даир (dair).

Adjective[edit]

dair

  1. about, related to, concerning

References[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

dair

  1. Soft mutation of tair (three).

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tair dair nhair thair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.