dair

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See also: dáir, dàir, and Dair

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish dair, from Proto-Celtic *daru, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dair f (genitive singular darach or dara, nominative plural daracha)

  1. oak

Declension[edit]

As a fifth-declension noun
As a third-declension noun

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dair dhair ndair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier daur, from Proto-Celtic *daru, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru; compare Ancient Greek δόρυ (dóru, tree).

Noun[edit]

dair f (genitive dara or darach)

  1. oak
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 38a9
      quercus .i. daur
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 33a5
      is clí darach Moysi
      oaken pillar of Moses

Inflection[edit]

Feminine k-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dair daraigL daraig
Vocative dair daraigL daracha
Accusative daraigN daraigL daracha
Genitive darach darach darachN
Dative daraigL darachaib darachaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dair dairL dairiH
Vocative dair dairL dairiH
Accusative dairN dairL dairiH
Genitive daroH, daraH daroH, daraH daireN
Dative dairL dairib dairib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: dair
  • Manx: darragh
  • Scottish Gaelic: darach

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dair dair
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.