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From a previous undeclinable Eastern Baltic *dewin-, from Proto-Baltic *newin- (changed by analogy with septiņi, astoņi, from Proto-Baltic *aštō-), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥, *néwn̥ ‎(nine), probably from the same stem as *néwos- ‎(new): apparently Proto-Indo-European had a base 4 numeric system, so that, after two 4's (= 8), 9 was the first (“new”) to be part of a complex numeral (compare Ossetian фараст ‎(farast, nine) = фар ‎(far, over) + аст ‎(ast, eight)). The initial d in Eastern Baltic and Slavic is usually explained as dissimilation, given the two n's in *newin-, probably also under the influence of the initial d in desmit. A more recent suggestion is that Proto-Indo-European *néwn̥ < *h₁néwn̥, in which the h₁n sequence would yield an articulation similar to a d. This would have led to dialectal variation (*néwn, *déwn), with both forms preserved in parallel, the former giving rise to the Eastern Baltic terms, the latter to their Old Prussian counterpart. Cognates include Lithuanian devynì, Old Prussian newints ‎(ninth), Old Church Slavonic дєвѧть ‎(devętĭ), Russian, Ukrainian де́вять ‎(dévjatʹ), Belarusian дзе́вяць ‎(dzjévjacʹ), Bulgarian де́вет ‎(dévet), Czech devět, Polish dziewięć, Gothic, Old High German 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐌽 ‎(niun), German neun, English nine, Sanskrit नवन् ‎(návan), Ancient Greek ἐννέα ‎(ennéa) (< *en néwa), Latin novem, Tocharian A, Tocharian B ñu.[1]


Latvian cardinal numbers
 <  8 9 10  > 
    Cardinal : deviņi
    Ordinal : devītais
    Multiplier : deviņreiz
    Nominal : deviņnieks
    Fractional : devītdaļa
Latvian Wikipedia article on deviņi



  1. nine (the cipher, the cardinal number nine)
    skaitīt līdz deviņi — to count to nine
    četri un pieci ir deviņi — four plus five is nine
    trīsreiz trīs ir deviņi — three times three is nine
    uzrakstīt ciparu deviņi — to write the number nine
    no deviņiem atņemt četrus — to subtract four from nine
  2. nine (an amount equal to nine)
    samaksāt deviņus latus — to pay nine lats
    deviņi kilograminine kilos
    deviņas grāmatasnine books
  3. nine o'clock (a moment in time; nine hours after midnight, or after noon)
    pulkstenis ir deviņi — it is nine o'clock
    darbs sākas deviņos — work begins at nine o'clock
    seanss sākas deviņos vakarā — the seance begins at nine o'clock in the evening
    viņš gaidīja līdz deviņiem — he waited until nine o'clock


See also[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]


  1. ^ “deviņi” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7