trīs

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See also: tris, tris-, and TRIS

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *tréyes ‎(three). Nominative trīs maybe from Proto-Baltic *triyes with i from genitive triju (compare Lithuanian trijų͂); accusative trīs now has the same intonation (broken) as the nominative, but in the past it had level intonation (compare Lithuanian trìs); dative trim < trims (attested in 16th-century texts); compare Lithuanian trìms; the locative forms are innovative. Cognates include Lithuanian trỹs, Sudovian, Old Prussian tris, Old Church Slavonic триѥ ‎(trije), три ‎(tri), Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian три ‎(tri), Czech tři, Polish trzy, Old Irish tri, Proto-Germanic *þrīz (Gothic 𐌸𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍃 ‎(þreis), Old Norse þrir, Old High German dri, Swedish tre, German drei, English three), Ancient Greek τρεῖς ‎(treîs), Latin trēs, tria.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Latvian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : trīs
    Ordinal : trešais
    Multiplier : trīsreiz
    Nominal : trijnieks
    Fractional : trešdaļa
Latvian Wikipedia article on trīs
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Numeral[edit]

trīs (irregular declension)

  1. three (the cipher, the cardinal number three)
    viens, divi, trīs — one, two, three (counting)
    trīs un trīs ir sešithree plus three is six
    atņemt trīs — to subtract three
  2. three (C, satisfactory, a school grade; syn. trijnieks)
    saņemt trīs — to get a C (lit. three)
  3. three (an amount equal to three)
    mēs bijām trīs — we were three
    trīs āboli, grāmatasthree apples, books
    triju dienu laikā — in (the time of) three days
    sadalīt trīs daļās — to divide in three parts
  4. three o'clock (a moment in time; three hours after midnight, or after noon)
    pulkstenis ir trīs — it is three o'clock
    aiziet trijos pēc pusdienas — to leave at three o'clock after lunch
    lekcija būs no trijiem līdz pieciem — the lecture will be from three to five (o'clock)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “trīs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7