trīs

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See also: tris, tris-, and TRIS

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *tréyes (three). Nominative trīs maybe from Proto-Baltic *triyes with i from genitive triju (compare Lithuanian trijų͂); accusative trīs now has the same intonation (broken) as the nominative, but in the past it had level intonation (compare Lithuanian trìs); dative trim < trims (attested in 16th-century texts); compare Lithuanian trìms; the locative forms are innovative. Cognates include Lithuanian trỹs, Sudovian, Old Prussian tris, Old Church Slavonic триѥ (trije), три (tri), Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian три (tri), Czech tři, Polish trzy, Old Irish tri, Proto-Germanic *þrīz (Gothic 𐌸𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍃 (þreis), Old Norse þrir, Old High German dri, Swedish tre, German drei, English three), Ancient Greek τρεῖς (treîs), Latin trēs, tria.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Latvian cardinal numbers
2 3 4
    Cardinal : trīs
    Ordinal : trešais
    Multiplier : trīsreiz
    Nominal : trijnieks
    Fractional : trešdaļa
Latvian Wikipedia article on trīs
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Numeral[edit]

trīs (irregular declension)

  1. three (the cipher, the cardinal number three)
    viens, divi, trīs — one, two, three (counting)
    trīs un trīs ir sešithree plus three is six
    atņemt trīs — to subtract three
  2. three (C, satisfactory, a school grade; syn. trijnieks)
    saņemt trīs — to get a C (lit. three)
  3. three (an amount equal to three)
    mēs bijām trīs — we were three
    trīs āboli, grāmatasthree apples, books
    triju dienu laikā — in (the time of) three days
    sadalīt trīs daļās — to divide in three parts
  4. three o'clock (a moment in time; three hours after midnight, or after noon)
    pulkstenis ir trīs — it is three o'clock
    aiziet trijos pēc pusdienas — to leave at three o'clock after lunch
    lekcija būs no trijiem līdz pieciem — the lecture will be from three to five (o'clock)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “trīs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.