četri

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *ketur-, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres(four) (stem *kʷetwer-, *kʷetur-), apparently an old compound, from *kʷa-, *kʷe-(and), and *tʷer-, *tur-, the same stem found in turēt(to hold, to keep), tvert(to grasp) (q.v.). In Latvian, Proto-Baltic *ketur- yielded at first cetri (IPA(key): [tsætri]), conserved in 16-18th century texts (as caetr, czaettri, czettri). The c was conserved in ceturtais, certurkārt, ceturksnis, but changed to č in četri perhaps under Slavic influence, helped by the final i (which also caused [æ] → [ɛ]). Cognates include Lithuanian keturì, Sudovian teter (from *kʲeter, from *ketur-), Old Prussian kettwirts(fourth), Old Church Slavonic чєтꙑрє(četyre), Russian четыре(četýre), Belarusian чатыры(čatýry), Ukrainian чотирі(čotýri), Bulgarian четири(čétiri), Czech čtyři, Polish cztery, Sanskrit चतुर्(čatur), Ancient Greek τέτταρες(téttares), (Homeric τέσσαρες(téssares), Doric τέτορες(tétores)), Latin quattuor.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Latvian cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : četri
    Ordinal : ceturtais
    Multiplier : četrreiz
    Nominal : četrinieks
    Fractional : ceturtdaļa
Latvian Wikipedia article on četri
(file)

Numeral[edit]

četri

  1. four (the cipher, the cardinal number four; sometimes undeclined)
    divi un divi ir četri'‎ ― two plus two is four
    skaitīt līdz četri'‎ ― to count to four
    uzrakstīt uz tāfeles četri'‎ ― to write a four on the blackboard
    pie četriem pielikt piecus‎ ― to add five to four
  2. four (B, good, a school grade; syn. četrinieks)
    saņemt četri‎ ― to get a B (lit. four)
  3. four (an amount equal to four)
    četri kilometri, kilogrami‎ ― four kilometers, kilograms (= kilos)
    ierasties pēc četrām stundām‎ ― to come in, after four hours
    aizbraukt uz četriem gadiem‎ ― to leave for four years
    izlasīt četras grāmatas nodaļas‎ ― to read four book chapters
    ar, uz visām četrām'‎ ― on all four (hands and feet)
  4. four o'clock (a moment in time; four hours after midnight, or after noon)
    pulkstenis ir četri‎ ― it is four o'clock
    beigt darbu četros pēc pusdienas‎ ― to finish work at four o'clock after lunch (= in the afternoon)
    gaidīt no četriem līdz pieciem‎ ― to wait from four to five o'clock
    ap četriem'‎ ― at about four o'clock

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “četri”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Numeral[edit]

četri ‎(Cyrillic spelling четри)

  1. (colloquial) four

Synonyms[edit]