dzemdēt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *gem-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷem- (to come, to go, to step), in parallel to dzimt (to be born) (q.v.) from the zero grade form *gʷm̥-, of which dzemdēt was originally the causative form.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Verb[edit]

dzemdēt tr., 2nd conj., pres. dzemdēju, dzemdē, dzemdē, past dzemdēju

  1. to give birth (to expel a fetus from one's womb so that it is born)
    dzemdēt bērnu — to give birth to a child
    dzemdēt meitu, dēlu — to give birth to a daughter, to a son
    pirmo reizi dzemdēt — to give birth for the first time
    sajust stipras sāpes dzemdējot — to feel strong pain (while) giving birth
    tas ir dabiski, ka sieviete dzemdē bērnus un par viņiem rūpējas — it is natural that a woman gives birth to children and takes care of them
    divas trīs reizes vasarā zaķu mātīte dzemdē mazuļus — a female hare gives birth two (or) three times in summer
  2. (figuratively) to give birth, to generate, to create
    darbs dzemdē ticību sev, saviem spēkiem — work gives birth to confidence in oneself, in one's strength
    bailes dzemdēja ideju: vajadzēja pierādīt, ka laikrakstā minētais fakts ir nepatiess — fear gave birth to an idea: it was necessary to show that the fact mentioned in the newspaper is false
    samulsums dzemdēja dziļu, svelmainu kaunu par savu lētticību — confusion gave birth to deep, scorching shame about his credulity

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “dzimt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.