earfoþe

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *arbaidiz (hardship), from a verb *arbijaną, *arbāną (be orphaned). Compare Old English ierfa. See also Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos, whence Ancient Greek ὀρφανός (orphanós), Latin orbus, Old Church Slavonic рабъ (rabŭ, slave). Cognate with Old Frisian arbēd, Old Saxon arƀed, arvēd, Old Dutch arbeit (Dutch arbeid), Old High German arbeit (German Arbeit (work, labour)), Old Norse erfiði (Swedish arvode (salary)), Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌱𐌰𐌹𐌸𐍃 (arbaiþs).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈæɑrfoθe/, [ˈæɑrvoðe]

Noun[edit]

earfoþe n (nominative plural earfoþu)

  1. work; labour
  2. suffering; hardship
  3. labour; pains; trouble; childbirth
  4. disease

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

earfoþe

  1. difficult; laborious; full of hardship

Declension[edit]

Weak Strong
singular plural singular plural
m n f m n f m n f
nominative earfoþa earfoþe earfoþe earfoþan nom. earfoþe earfoþe earfoþu earfoþe earfoþu, -e earfoþa, -e
accusative earfoþan earfoþe earfoþan acc. earfoþne earfoþe earfoþe earfoþe earfoþu, -e earfoþa, -e
genitive earfoþan earfoþra, earfoþena gen. earfoþes earfoþes earfoþre earfoþra
dative earfoþan earfoþum dat. earfoþum earfoþum earfoþre earfoþum
instrumental earfoþe