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Old French[edit]


Latin ēbattuō.



  1. to hit; to strike
    • circa 1250, Rutebeuf, Ci encoumence la voie d'umilitei:
      Li autres, par sa lecherie,
      Est entreiz en l'anfermerie
      Por le cors esbatre et deduire.
      Li autres doute la froidure.
      The others, due to their debauchery, entered into the infirmary to strike the body and lead it away. The others doubt the (body's) coldness.
  2. to amuse; to bring enjoyment to
  3. (reflexive) to bump into (meet by chance)
  4. (reflexive) to have fun; to enjoy oneself


This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.