essayer

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From essay +‎ -er.

Noun[edit]

essayer (plural essayers)

  1. (obsolete) One who performs an essay; an experimenter.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French essayer, essaier, from Old French essaiier, essayer, essaier, from essay, essai (attempt; assay; experiment) + -er (infinitive-forming suffix), from Late Latin exagium (weight; weighing, testing on the balance), from Latin exigere + -ium, from ex- + agere, from Proto-Italic *agō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵeti.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /e.sɛ.je/, /e.se.je/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

essayer

  1. (transitive) to test, to try on
  2. (catenative) to try, to attempt
    • 2018, Zaz, Résigne-moi
      J'essaie vraiment d' t'aider sans m'oublier.
      I'm truly trying to help you without forgetting myself.
    J'ai essayé d'apprendre le piano.I tried to learn [to play] the piano.
    Des psychologues ont essayé d'analyser quels traits physiques étaient considérés comme attirants.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  3. (reflexive, transitive with à) to try one's hand at
    s'essayer à quelque chose(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Conjugation[edit]

This is a regular -er verb as far as pronunciation is concerned, but as with other verbs in -ayer (such as payer and essayer, the <y> of its stem may optionally be written as <i> when it precedes a silent <e> (compare verbs in -eyer, which never have this spelling change, and verbs in -oyer and -uyer, which always have it; verbs in -ayer belong to either group, according to the writer's preference).

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Paronyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Verb[edit]

essayer

  1. (transitive) to test
  2. (with "de") to try

Conjugation[edit]

  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

essayer n

  1. indefinite singular of essay

Synonyms[edit]