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From ex- (out of) +‎ quatiō (shake).



excutiō (present infinitive excutere, perfect active excussī, supine excussum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. I shake out, shake off, elicit, knock out, drive out, cast off.
  2. I discard, banish.
  3. I examine, inspect.


   Conjugation of excutio (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excutiō excutis excutit excutimus excutitis excutiunt
imperfect excutiēbam excutiēbās excutiēbat excutiēbāmus excutiēbātis excutiēbant
future excutiam excutiēs excutiet excutiēmus excutiētis excutient
perfect excussī excussistī excussit excussimus excussistis excussērunt, excussēre
pluperfect excusseram excusserās excusserat excusserāmus excusserātis excusserant
future perfect excusserō excusseris excusserit excusserimus excusseritis excusserint
passive present excutior excuteris, excutere excutitur excutimur excutiminī excutiuntur
imperfect excutiēbar excutiēbāris, excutiēbāre excutiēbātur excutiēbāmur excutiēbāminī excutiēbantur
future excutiar excutiēris, excutiēre excutiētur excutiēmur excutiēminī excutientur
perfect excussus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect excussus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect excussus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excutiam excutiās excutiat excutiāmus excutiātis excutiant
imperfect excuterem excuterēs excuteret excuterēmus excuterētis excuterent
perfect excusserim excusserīs excusserit excusserīmus excusserītis excusserint
pluperfect excussissem excussissēs excussisset excussissēmus excussissētis excussissent
passive present excutiar excutiāris, excutiāre excutiātur excutiāmur excutiāminī excutiantur
imperfect excuterer excuterēris, excuterēre excuterētur excuterēmur excuterēminī excuterentur
perfect excussus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect excussus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excute excutite
future excutitō excutitō excutitōte excutiuntō
passive present excutere excutiminī
future excutitor excutitor excutiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives excutere excussisse excussūrus esse excutī excussus esse excussum īrī
participles excutiēns excussūrus excussus excutiendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
excutere excutiendī excutiendō excutiendum excussum excussū



  • excutio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • excutio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • excutio” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make a person laugh: risum elicere (more strongly excutere) alicui
    • to shake off the yoke of slavery: iugum servitutis excutere