fuar

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

fuar (plural fuars)

  1. Alternative form of feuar

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish úar, from Proto-Celtic *ougros (compare Welsh oer), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ewǵ- (compare Old Armenian ոյծ (oyc)). The initial f- of Modern Irish comes from a misinterpretation of uar as fhuar in lenition environments.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fuar (genitive singular masculine fuair, genitive singular feminine fuaire, plural fuara, comparative fuaire)

  1. cold
  2. apathetic
  3. without interest
  4. uncooked

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fuar fhuar bhfuar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fuär n (genitive unattested)

  1. verbal noun of fo·fera: provision, preparation
    • c. 850-875, Turin Glosses and Scholia on St. Mark, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 484–94, Tur. 48
      .i. trisin fuarinbudcaid .i. tri Iohain. Fo·ruar inna inbotha .i. do·rigni tochmarc inna ecailse do Chríst.
      i.e. through the bridesman [lit. preparation-of-marriage-(person)], i.e. through John. [John] had prepared the nuptials i.e. he had wooed the Church for Christ.
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 81c2
      a fuar inna mbiad [⁊]rl
      the preparation of foods etc.

Inflection[edit]

Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative fuarN fuarN fuarL, *fúra
Vocative fuarN fuarN fuarL, *fúra
Accusative fuarN fuarN fuarL, *fúra
Genitive fuairL fuar fuarN
Dative fuarL fuaraib fuaraib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Irish: fúr m

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish úar, from Proto-Celtic *ougros (compare Welsh oer), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ewǵ- (compare Old Armenian ոյծ (oyc)). The initial f- of Scottish Gaelic comes from a misinterpretation of uar as fhuar in lenition environments.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fuar (comparative fhuaire)

  1. cold, chilly, bleak, frigid, sober, stingy
  2. stinging

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
fuar fhuar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “fuar”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 úar”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French foire, 1930s.

Noun[edit]

fuar (definite accusative fuarı, plural fuarlar)

  1. fair, exposition

References[edit]

  • Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “fuar”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  • The Redhouse Dictionary Turkish/Ottoman English, 21st edition, 2013, →ISBN