gentilis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From gēns (clan, tribe) +‎ -īlis (-ile)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ɡenˈtiː.lis/, [ɡɛn̪ˈt̪iː.lʲɪs]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /d͡ʒenˈti.lis/, [d͡ʒɛn̪ˈt̪iː.lis]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

gentīlis (neuter gentīle, adverb gentīliter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. of or belonging to the same family or gēns: kinsman
  2. of or relating to a tribe or clan: clansman, tribesman
  3. of or belonging to the same people or nation
  4. of slaves who bore the same name as their master
  5. (poetic) foreign, exotic
Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative gentīlis gentīle gentīlēs gentīlia
Genitive gentīlis gentīlium
Dative gentīlī gentīlibus
Accusative gentīlem gentīle gentīlēs
gentīlīs
gentīlia
Ablative gentīlī gentīlibus
Vocative gentīlis gentīle gentīlēs gentīlia
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Bourguignon: janti
  • English: gentle, gentry, genteel
  • French: gentil
  • Italian: gentile
  • Portuguese: gentil
  • Spanish: gentil

Etymology 2[edit]

Semantic loan from Hebrew גוי‎.

Noun[edit]

gentīlis m (genitive gentīlis); third declension

  1. a heathen, pagan
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem, ablative singular in ).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gentīlis gentīlēs
Genitive gentīlis gentīlium
Dative gentīlī gentīlibus
Accusative gentīlem gentīlēs
gentīlīs
Ablative gentīlī gentīlibus
Vocative gentīlis gentīlēs
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]