itse

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See also: itse- and -itse

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *icek, *iccek, from Proto-Uralic *iće ~ *iśe. Cognate to Estonian ise, Erzya эсь (esʹ, own, oneself) and -сь (-sʹ) in монсь (monsʹ, I myself). Originally, itse meant "the conscious mind" (as a part of the soul).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈitse(ˣ)/, [ˈits̠e̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -itse
  • Syllabification(key): it‧se

Pronoun[edit]

itse

  1. oneself (used to emphasize the person of the head word)
    Sinun täytyy tehdä se itse.
    You must do it yourself.
    Itse pomo tuli paikalle.
    The boss himself/herself came there.

Inflection[edit]

Not inflected, but see itsensä.

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See compounds section under itse-.

Noun[edit]

itse

  1. (psychology) self, ego
    Synonym: minä

Declension[edit]

Inflection of itse (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative itse
genitive itsen
partitive itseä
illative itseen
singular plural
nominative itse
accusative nom. itse
gen. itsen
genitive itsen
partitive itseä
inessive itsessä
elative itsestä
illative itseen
adessive itsellä
ablative itseltä
allative itselle
essive itsenä
translative itseksi
instructive
abessive itsettä
comitative
Possessive forms of itse (type nalle)
possessor singular plural
1st person itseni itsemme
2nd person itsesi itsenne
3rd person itsensä

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *icek, from Proto-Uralic *iće. Cognates include Finnish itse and Estonian ise.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

itse

  1. oneself
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 6:
      Ken arvajaa matkapoolen itsest - „oikiaa“, „kurraa“, „ettee“, „takkaa“, - se kiiree öksyy veerahas paikaas.
      Whoever determines the direction of a journey from oneself - „to the right“, „to the left“, „forward“, „backward“, - that [person] will quickly get lost in an unfamiliar location.
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 3:
      Osa iƶoroist veel nytkii kutsuu itsiätä karjalaisiks.
      Some Ingrians even now still call themselves Karelians.
      (literally, “A part from the Ingrians now still calls itself Karelians.”)
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 7:
      Mama miun saattoi itsen eest lehmiä lypsemää.
      Mummy sent me on behalf of herself to milk the cows.

Declension[edit]

Declension of itse
singular
nominative itse
genitive itsen
partitive itsiä
illative itsehe
inessive itsees
elative itsest
allative itselle
adessive itseel
ablative itselt
translative itseks
essive itsennä
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
Possessive forms of itse
possessor singular plural
1st person itseen itsemme
2nd person itsees itsenne
3rd person itseehe1) itsesse
*) Possessive reflexives are obsolete in modern Ingrian.
1) Scarcely attested. Possibly originally an illative functioning as a nominative.

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 101
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 97
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[3], →ISBN, page 39