jupon

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Saint Stephen, King of Hungary with a jupon bearing his arms, white and red stripes. Image from the Hungarian Illuminated Chronicle

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English jupon, from Middle French jupon.

Noun[edit]

jupon (plural jupons)

  1. (historical) A close-fitting sleeveless jacket, descending below the hips, worn over armour.
    • 1700, John Dryden, Palamon and Arcite, Book III,[1]
      Some wore coat armour, imitating scale,
      And next their skins were stubborn shirts of mail;
      Some wore a breastplate and a light juppon,
      Their horses clothed with rich caparison;
    • 1983, Jack Vance, Lyonesse, Chapter 26,
      He climbed three marble steps, crossed the terrace and entered a dim foyer, where a chamberlain silently helped him from his helmet, his jupon and his chain cuirass.
  2. A petticoat.

Esperanto[edit]

Noun[edit]

jupon

  1. accusative singular of jupo

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French jupon; equivalent to jupe +‎ -on.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jupon m (plural jupons)

  1. petticoat, underskirt
  2. (colloquial) a bit of skirt
  3. (military) a sleeveless jacket worn over armor (medieval)

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French jupon; equivalent to jupe +‎ -oun.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dʒiu̯ˈpoːn/, /ˈdʒiu̯poːn/

Noun[edit]

jupon

  1. A jupon (an overcoat for armour, usually bearing heraldic symbols)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French jupon.

Noun[edit]

jupon n (plural jupoane)

  1. underskirt, petticoat, jupon