klupt

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Latvian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *kulp, *klup, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷelp-, *kʷl̥p- (to bend (one's) knees, to stumble), from *kʷel- (to turn, to move), whence also celis (knee) and cilpa (loop), q.v.. Cognates include Lithuanian klùpti, klaũptis (to kneel), Old Prussian klupstis (knee), poquelbton ([pakvelptan], having flexed one's knees, having fallen on one's knees), German holpern (to jolt; to go stumbling) (< *holpeln).[1]

Verb[edit]

klupt intr., 1st conj., pres. klūpu, klūpi, klūp, past klupu

  1. to stumble, to trip (to move or bend forward quickly and unexpectedly because (one's) foot slipped, got stuck, etc.)
    klupt uz līdzenas vietas — to stumble on a level, smooth spot
    viņš klupa, kājai atsitoties pret akmeni — he stumbled, hitting (his) foot against the stone, rock
    pāris reižu viņa klūp, nokrīt uz ceļiem — a few times she stumbles, (she) falls on the road
    klupdams krizdams — (while) stumbling and falling (i.e., in a hurry, excitedly, headlong)
    zirgs klupa un izmeta jātnieku no sedliem — the horse stumbled and threw the rider off the saddle
  2. to stumble (to move or bend forward quickly)
    kad Līze pēdīgi atnāca un jau no tālienes redzēja Jāni nekustošu pie zemes guļot, viņa kā ārprātīga klupa Jānim blakus zemē — when Līze finally came and saw from afar Jānis lying motionless on the ground, she stumbled (= ran to) near Jānis like a madwoman
  3. to move, bend forward quickly and grab something
    Alberts nogrūž puiku no sēdekļa un klūp' airos — Alberts dumped the boy from the seat and grabbed the (lit. in the) oars
  4. to approach and attack quickly, to pounce, to jump, fall on
    suns klūp kaķiem virsū — the dog fell, pounced on the cats
    izsalkūšas aitas klupa klāt pie siles — the hungry sheep threw themselves, attacked the trough
    saukt lietas īstajā vārdā, tas nozīmē klupt otram bārdā — to call the things by (lit. in) their true name(s), that means to fall on someone else's beard (= to attack someone)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

References[edit]

  1. ^ “klupt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.