kunci

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See also: künçi

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay kunci (key), from Hindi कुंजी (kuñjī, key), from Sanskrit कुञ्चिका (kuñcikā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkʊnt͡ʃi]
  • Hyphenation: kun‧ci

Noun[edit]

kunci

  1. (literally) lock, something used for fastening, which can only be opened with a key or combination.
    Hyponyms: anak kunci, gembok, induk kunci
  2. key
    1. (now literally) an object designed to open and close a lock.
      Synonyms: anak kunci, sosi
    2. (figuratively) a crucial step or requirement.
    3. (music, figuratively) in musical theory, the total melodic and harmonic relations, which exist between the tones of an ideal scale, major or minor; tonality.
    4. (music, figuratively) in musical theory and notation, the tonality centering in a given tone, or the several tones taken collectively, of a given scale, major or minor.
    5. (computing) a value that uniquely identifies an entry in a container.
    6. (cryptography) A piece of information (e.g. a passphrase) used to encode or decode a message or messages.
    7. (Internet) A password restricting access to an IRC channel.
    8. (education, figuratively) answer key, an assorted list of solutions to problems or exercises in a test, textbook, etc.
      Synonym: kunci jawaban
  3. (music, figuratively) clef, a symbol found on a musical staff that indicates the pitches represented by the lines and the spaces on the staff.
  4. (music, colloquial, figuratively) chord, a harmonic set of three or more notes that is heard as if sounding simultaneously.
    Synonym: akor
  5. spanner, wrench: a hand tool for adjusting nuts and bolts.

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of kunci (meng-, transitive)
Root kunci
Active Involuntary Passive Imperative Jussive
Active mengunci terkunci dikunci kunci kuncilah
Causative / Applicative1 menguncikan terkuncikan dikuncikan kuncikan kuncikanlah
Causative
1The -kan row is either causative or applicative, with transitive roots it mostly has applicative meaning.
Note: Some of these forms do normally not exist or are seldom used in standard Indonesian. Some also change meaning.

Affixed terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Verb[edit]

kunci

  1. (colloquial) Informal form of mengunci (to lock).

Further reading[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi कुंजी (kuñjī, key), from Sanskrit कुञ्चिका (kuñcikā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kunci (Jawi spelling کونچي‎, plural kunci-kunci, informal 1st possessive kunciku, impolite 2nd possessive kuncimu, 3rd possessive kuncinya)

  1. key
    Kunci pintu
    Door key

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: kunci
  • Thai: กุญแจ (gun-jɛɛ)

Verb[edit]

kunci (Jawi spelling کونچي‎)

  1. to lock something up with a key
    Minta kunci pintu ini sekejap.
    Can you please lock this door, please?

Further reading[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Noun[edit]

kúnci

  1. nominative/instrumental plural of kunec