From Late Latin littoralis, from litoris (genitive of litus). The doubled 't' is a late medieval addition, and the more classical litoral is also sometimes found. Cognate to French littoral, Spanish litoral, and more distantly to English lido (“outdoor pool”), via Italian lido (“beach, shore”).
littoral (not comparable)
- Of or relating to the shore, especially the seashore.
- Synonym: intertidal
- (Can we date this quote?) Semper Fidelis Memorandum for Retired Marines, volume 58, number 22:
- During his tenure, 'From the Sea' became the Navy-Marine Corps joint strategic concept, wherein the Navy and Marine Corps reoriented doctrinal focus toward littoral warfare.
- Specifically refers to the water at the shore, rather than the land, particularly in the phrase littoral zone.
littoral (plural littorals)
- A shore.
- 1921, Sir Charles Eliot, (Please provide the book title or journal name):
- […] these Chams belonged to the Malay-Polynesian group and their distribution along the littoral suggests that they were invaders from the sea […]
- The zone of a coast between high tide and low tide levels.
- 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 6, in The Dust of Conflict:
- The night was considerably clearer than anybody on board her desired when the schooner Ventura headed for the land. It rose in places, black and sharp against the velvety indigo, over her dipping bow, though most of the low littoral was wrapped in obscurity.
- 2006, Edwin Black, chapter 2, in Internal Combustion:
- Buried within the Mediterranean littoral are some seventy to ninety million tons of slag from ancient smelting, about a third of it concentrated in Iberia. This ceaseless industrial fueling caused the deforestation of an estimated fifty to seventy million acres of woodlands.
littoral m (plural littoraux)
- “littoral” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).