From Hindi/Urdu मैदान (maidān), میدان (maidān), from Persian میدان (meydân, “town-square or central place of gathering”), from Arabic مَيْدَان (maydān), itself an Iranian borrowing (see the Arabic entry for more), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos. Compare Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬌𐬜𐬌𐬌𐬀 (maiδya), Sanskrit मध्य (madhya), Latin medius.
maidan (plural maidans)
- (chiefly Iran, Afghanistan, India and Pakistan) An expanse of open space in or by a city or town.
- M. Crawford
- a gallop on the green maidan
- 1957, Lawrence Durrell, Justine, Faber, page 84:
- Below on the amorphous brown-violet meidan by the railway station
- M. Crawford
1993, from Майда́н Незале́жності (Majdán Nezaléžnosti, “Independence Square”) in Kiev, from Ukrainian майда́н (majdán, “square”), from Ottoman Turkish میدان (meydân), from the same Persian source as above.
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- Independence Square, the main city square in Kiev, Ukraine.
- The Orange Revolution protests that took place in Kiev’s Maidan in 2004–05; the Euromaidan protests of 2013–14; the protest movement associated with the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution.
For usage examples of this term, see Citations:maidan.