mainīt

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See also: mainit

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *mainas, from *moy-no-s, from Proto-Indo-European *moy-, *mey-, *mī- (to change) (whence also mīt (to change)). Cognates include Lithuanian maĩnas (change), Old Church Slavonic мѣнити (měniti), Russian менять (menjatʹ), из-мени́ть (iz-menítʹ), Czech měniti, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 (maidjan, to change; to cheat, to deceive), 𐌲𐌰𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌽𐍃 (gamains, common, collective) (< “which went through many changes, transactions”), German meiden (to avoid), gemein (ordinary, common), Sanskrit मयते (máyate), मिनाति (mināti, to change), Ancient Greek μοῖνος (moînos, gratitude, reward) (< Latin *moitos (change) ?), Latin mūnus (obligation; office; gift) (< *moenus, “change” ?).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Verb[edit]

mainīt tr., 3rd conj., pres. mainu, maini, maina, past mainīju

  1. to change, to exchange
    mainīt nauduto change money (into smaller pieces; into foreign currency)
    mainīt latu sīknaudāto change one lat in(to) small change
    mainīt pastmarkasto change stamps
    izdevīgi, neizdevīgi mainītto exchange (something) advantageously, disadvantageously
  2. to change, to replace (something, with something else)
    mainīt dzīvesvietuto change (one's) residence, address
    mainīt dzīvoklito change apartments
    mainīt specialitātito change specialty
    mainīt uzvārdu, darbuto change (one's) family name, (one's) work
    mainīt vārdu kārtībuto change the word order
    mainīt tērpusto change clothes, costumes
  3. to change, to replace (with a new one)
    mainīt kompresesto change compresses.
    mainīt motoriem eļļuto change the engine oil
  4. to change (to make something become different)
    mainīt raksturu, balsito change (one's) character, voice
    mainīt dzīves veiduto change (one's) way of life
    mainīt attieksmi pret drauguto change (one's) attitude to a friend
    vējš maina virzienuthe wind is changing direction
    mainīt lēmumu, izturēšanosto change (one's) decision, behavior
    viņš mainījis savu uzskatuhe changed his view
    hameleons maina krāsuthe chameleon changed (its) color
    krēsla maina priekšmetu apveidusthe twilight changes the shapes of objects
  5. to change (to move from one place to another)
    mainīt vietām mēbelesto change the place of the furniture, to swap furniture
  6. to exchange (to say one's (opinion, thought) and to hear another person's)
    vēl kādus vārdus ar Annu mainījis, vecais atvadījās un aizgājahaving exchanged a few words with Anna, the old man said goodbye and left

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “mainīt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7