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From Proto-Italic *mordeō, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)merd- (to bite, sting). Cognate with Ancient Greek σμερδνός (smerdnós), σμερδαλέος (smerdaléos), English smart.



mordeō (present infinitive mordēre, perfect active momordī, supine morsum); second conjugation

  1. I bite (into); nibble, gnaw
  2. I nip, sting
  3. I eat, consume, devour, erode
  4. I bite into, take hold of, press or cut into
  5. I hurt, pain, sting
  6. I squander, waste, dissipate


   Conjugation of mordeo (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mordeō mordēs mordet mordēmus mordētis mordent
imperfect mordēbam mordēbās mordēbat mordēbāmus mordēbātis mordēbant
future mordēbō mordēbis mordēbit mordēbimus mordēbitis mordēbunt
perfect momordī momordistī momordit momordimus momordistis momordērunt, momordēre
pluperfect momorderam momorderās momorderat momorderāmus momorderātis momorderant
future perfect momorderō momorderis momorderit momorderimus momorderitis momorderint
passive present mordeor mordēris, mordēre mordētur mordēmur mordēminī mordentur
imperfect mordēbar mordēbāris, mordēbāre mordēbātur mordēbāmur mordēbāminī mordēbantur
future mordēbor mordēberis, mordēbere mordēbitur mordēbimur mordēbiminī mordēbuntur
perfect morsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect morsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect morsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mordeam mordeās mordeat mordeāmus mordeātis mordeant
imperfect mordērem mordērēs mordēret mordērēmus mordērētis mordērent
perfect momorderim momorderīs momorderit momorderimus momorderitis momorderint
pluperfect momordissem momordissēs momordisset momordissēmus momordissētis momordissent
passive present mordear mordeāris, mordeāre mordeātur mordeāmur mordeāminī mordeantur
imperfect mordērer mordērēris, mordērēre mordērētur mordērēmur mordērēminī mordērentur
perfect morsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect morsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mordē mordēte
future mordētō mordētō mordētōte mordentō
passive present mordēre mordēminī
future mordētor mordētor mordentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives mordēre momordisse morsūrus esse mordērī morsus esse morsum īrī
participles mordēns morsūrus morsus mordendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
mordēre mordendī mordendō mordendum morsum morsū

Derived terms[edit]