mutatis mutandis

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing, more or less naturalized, of Late Latin mūtātīs mūtandīs ‎([with the things] to be changed having been changed).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /muːˌtɑːtɪs.muːˈtandɪs/, IPA(key): /mjuːˌtɑːtɪs.muːˈtandɪs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /muˌtɑdəs.muˈtɑndəs/, IPA(key): /mjuˌtɑdəs.mjuˈtɑndəs/,

Adverb[edit]

mutatis mutandis ‎(not comparable)

  1. (dated) With the necessary changes being made, with the necessary modifications.
    • a. 1525, The Coventry Leet Book, 595:
      And like billes, mutatis mutandis, were put In ayenst Gloucestre & Worcestre
    • 1863, H.M.'s Public Record Office, Calendar of State Papers, Foreign Series, of the Reign of Elizabeth, Vol. VII, p. 141:
      26 May 1564. M. to Mr. Tipton, and another (mutatis mutandis) to Mr. Cuerton. Pp. 3.
    • 1866, Max Robertson, English Reports Annotated, p. 1506:
      All the other deeds were to the same effect, and were to be taken mutatis mutandis as if stated as part of this case.
    • 1962, Samuel Edward Finer, The Man on Horseback: The Role of the Military in Politics, Ch. 2:
      What is said of the army here is to be taken also to apply, mutatis mutandis, to the air force and the navy.
    • 1962, Norman Malcolm, Dreaming, Ch. 15:
      Similar considerations apply, mutatis mutandis, to the example of nightmare imagined by Brown.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Typically treated as an unnaturalized Latin phrase and italicized. Now usually treated as a parenthetical phrase set off inside commas.
  • Even in legal Latin and academic work, increasingly uncommon since the 1950s, as Latin falls out of general use.
  • Usually used when describing similarities between two cases to make allowances for the obvious differences between them. (See examples above.)

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin mūtātīs mūtandīs. For more information, see the English entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mutatis mutandis

  1. (law) mutatis mutandis
    Unionin kansalaisten karkottamista vastaan saaman suojan järjestelmää ei voida soveltaa mutatis mutandis Turkin kansalaisiin.
    The scheme of protection against expulsion conferred on citizens of the Union cannot be applied mutatis mutandis to Turkish nationals.

Synonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of late derivation. Earliest appearance in British Latin, 1272.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mūtātīs mūtandus

  1. (Non-classical) Mutatis mutandis: with the necessary changes having been made; the necessary modifications being made

Usage note[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed. "mutatis mutandis, adv." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2003.