pandemonium

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Coined by John Milton in "Paradise Lost", Pandæmonium, from Ancient Greek πᾶν (pân, all) (equivalent to English pan-) + Late Latin daemonium (evil spirit, demon), from Ancient Greek δαίμων (daímōn, deity).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌpændɪˈməʊnɪəm/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌpændɪˈmoʊni.əm/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -əʊniəm

Noun[edit]

pandemonium (countable and uncountable, plural pandemoniums or pandemonia)

  1. A loud, wild, tumultuous protest, disorder, or chaotic situation, usually of a crowd, often violent.
    • 2004, Boston Globe, October 22
      Whenever you have violent pandemonium, there's the overwhelming possibility for panic and tragedy.
  2. An outburst; loud, riotous uproar, especially of a crowd.
    • 2017 March 14, Stuart James, “Leicester stun Sevilla to reach last eight after Kasper Schmeichel save”, in the Guardian[1]:
      Riyad Mahrez flighted the free-kick that followed to the far post and Morgan, with not much finesse but plenty of desire, bundled the ball over the line. Cue pandemonium in the stands.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: pandemònium, pandemoni

Translations[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pandemonium n (plural pandemoniums, diminutive pandemoniumpje n)

  1. pandemonium, residence of all demons/devils, hell
  2. pandemonium, a 'hellish' chaos, notably terrible noise and disorder

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

pandemonium n (definite singular pandemoniet, indefinite plural pandemonium, definite plural pandemonia)

  1. (antiquity) temple for all gods and demigods
  2. pandemonium (residence for all demons)
    Synonym: helvete

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English pandemonium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pan.dɛˈmɔ.ɲum/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔɲum
  • Syllabification: pan‧de‧mo‧nium

Noun[edit]

pandemonium n (indeclinable)

  1. (literary) pandemonium (hell)
    Synonym: piekło
  2. (literary) pandemonium (chaos; tumultuous or lawless violence)
    Synonym: koszmar

Further reading[edit]

  • pandemonium in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pandemonium in Polish dictionaries at PWN