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- from Middle English fiole, phiole, phial (“small bowl or cup for liquids, etc.; flask”) [and other forms], from Middle French fiole, phiole [and other forms], and Old French fiole (modern French fiole), from Late Latin fiola, phiola, from Latin phiala (“broad, flat, shallow bowl or cup”), from Ancient Greek φιάλη (phiálē, “round and shallow bowl, pan, or saucer”), probably from Pre-Greek; and
- directly from Latin phiala (see above).
The verb is derived from the noun.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfaɪəl/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfaɪəl/, /faɪl/
- Homophone: file (one GA pronunciation)
- Rhymes: -aɪəl, (one GA pronunciation) -aɪl
- Hyphenation: phi‧al
phial (plural phials)
- (dated) A bottle or other vessel for containing a liquid; originally any such vessel, especially one for holding a beverage; now (specifically), a small, narrow glass bottle with a cap used to hold liquid chemicals, medicines, etc.
- 1610, The Second Tome of the Holie Bible, […] (Douay–Rheims Bible), Doway: Lavrence Kellam, […], →OCLC, Amos 6:1 and 6, pages 835–836:
- VVo to you that are rich in Sion, and haue confidence in the mountaine of Samaria: […] That drinke vvine in phials, and are annoynted vvith the beſt oyntment: and they ſuffred nothing vpon the contrition of Ioſeph.
- 1649, Jer[emy] Taylor, “Discourse XI. Of the Second Additionall Precept of Christ. (Viz.) Of Prayer.”, in The Great Exemplar of Sanctity and Holy Life According to the Christian Institution. […], London: […] R. N. for Francis Ash, […], →OCLC, 2nd part, page 156:
- [U]nite my prayers to the interceſſion of the holy JESUS, […] that my prayers being hallovved by the merits of CHRIST, and being preſented in the phial of the Saints may aſcent thither, vvhere thy glory dvvells, and from vvhence mercy, and eternall benediction deſcends upon thy Church.
- 1682, Robert Boyle, “A Continuation of New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring and Weight of the Air, and Their Effects. The Second Part. […]. Iconisme III. How Factitious Air may be Transmitted out of One Receiver into Another.”, in The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle. […], volume IV, London: […] A[ndrew] Millar, […], published 1744, →OCLC, page 103, column 2:
- AA Is a glaſs phial filled vvith mercury to the ſuperficies DD, or thereabout.
- 1742, [Edward Young], “Night the First. On Life, Death, and Immortality. […]”, in The Complaint: Or, Night-Thoughts on Life, Death, & Immortality, London: […] [Samuel Richardson] for A[ndrew] Millar […], and R[obert] Dodsley […], published 1750, →OCLC, page 7:
- Nor let the Phial of thy Vengeance, pour'd / On this devoted Head, be pour'd in vain.
- 1847 October 16, Currer Bell [pseudonym; Charlotte Brontë], chapter V, in Jane Eyre. An Autobiography. […], volume II, London: Smith, Elder, and Co., […], →OCLC, page 127:
- You must open the middle drawer of my toilet-table and take out a little phial and a little glass you will find there,—quick! […] He held out the tiny glass, and I half filled it from the water bottle on the wash-stand. / “That will do:—now wet the lip of the phial.” / I did so: he measured twelve drops of a crimson liquid, and presented it to Mason. / “Drink, Richard: it will give you the heart you lack, for an hour or so.”
- 1921 May 20, [Warren Harding], Remarks of the President in Presenting to Madam Curie a Gift of Radium from the American People […], Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, →OCLC, page 4:
- In testimony of the affection of the American people, of their confidence in your [Marie Curie's] scientific work, and of their earnest wish that your genius and energy may receive all encouragement to carry forward your efforts for the advance of science and conquest of disease, I have been commissioned to present to you this little phial of radium.
The word vial is now more commonly used than phial.
bottle or other vessel for containing a liquid — see vial
- (transitive) To keep or put (something, especially a liquid) in, or as if in, a phial.
- Synonym: vial
to keep or put (something) in, or as if in, a phial — see vial
- vial on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- “phial”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- Alternative form of