referendum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin referendum (that which ought to be announced), from refero (I announce).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌɹɛfəˈɹɛndəm/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

referendum (plural referenda or referendums)

  1. (politics) A direct popular vote on a proposed law or constitutional amendment. (The adposition on is usually used before the related subject of the vote.)
    Synonym: plebiscite
    • 1975, Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau, Informational Bulletin:
      In some cases, a referendum on the proposed bond issue must be held.
    • 2019, Nalini Mohabir, “Renaming the Cook Islands would be a vital step towards true independence”, in Guardian.:
      Although the Cook Islands held a referendum in 1994, when voters rejected a name change, the yearning for a decolonised identity has not disappeared.
  2. An action, choice, etc., which is perceived as passing judgment on another matter.
    My father is taking my decision on whether to go to university as a referendum on his performance as a parent, and it's very stressful.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin referendum.

Noun[edit]

referendum

  1. referendum (in sense: a direct popular vote on a proposed law or constitutional amendment).

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

referendum n

  1. referendum (direct popular vote)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • referendum in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • referendum in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • referendum in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin referendum, the neuter gerundive of referre (to refer).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rɛfərɛndɔm/, [ʁɛfəˈʁand̥ɔm]

Noun[edit]

referendum n (singular definite referendummet, plural indefinite referendummer or referenda)

  1. referendum (direct popular vote on a proposed law)

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

referendum n (plural referenda or referendums, diminutive referendumpje n)

  1. referendum

Descendants[edit]

  • Papiamentu: referendum

Estonian[edit]

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Etymology[edit]

From Latin referendum.

Noun[edit]

referendum (genitive referendumi, partitive referendumit)

  1. referendum
    Synonyms: rahvahääletus, rahvaküsitlus

Declension[edit]

Declension of referendum (ÕS type 2/õpik, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative referendum referendumid
accusative nom.
gen. referendumi
genitive referendumite
partitive referendumit referendumeid
illative referendumisse referendumitesse
referendumeisse
inessive referendumis referendumites
referendumeis
elative referendumist referendumitest
referendumeist
allative referendumile referendumitele
referendumeile
adessive referendumil referendumitel
referendumeil
ablative referendumilt referendumitelt
referendumeilt
translative referendumiks referendumiteks
referendumeiks
terminative referendumini referendumiteni
essive referendumina referendumitena
abessive referendumita referendumiteta
comitative referendumiga referendumitega

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • M. Langemets, M. Tiits, T. Valdre, L. Veskis, Ü. Viks, P. Voll, editors (2009), “referendum”, in [EKSS] Eesti keele seletav sõnaraamat [Descriptive Dictionary of the Estonian Language]‎[2] (online dictionary, in Estonian), 2nd edition, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation)
  • referendum in Raadik, M., editor (2018), Eesti õigekeelsussõnaraamat ÕS 2018, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, →ISBN
  • referendum in Sõnaveeb

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʁe.fe.ʁɛ̃.dɔm/, /ʁe.fe.ʁɑ̃.dɔm/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

referendum m (plural referendums or referenda)

  1. Alternative spelling of référendum

Further reading[edit]

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /re.feˈrɛn.dum/
  • Rhymes: -ɛndum
  • Hyphenation: re‧fe‧rèn‧dum
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

referendum m (invariable)

  1. referendum

Derived terms[edit]

Ladin[edit]

Noun[edit]

referendum m (plural referendums)

  1. referendum

Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

referendum

  1. inflection of referendus:
    1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular
    2. accusative masculine singular

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin referendum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

referendum m (plural referenda or referendumijiet)

  1. referendum

Related terms[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin referendum.

Noun[edit]

referendum n (definite singular referendumet, indefinite plural referenda or referendumer, definite plural referendaene or referenduma or referendumene)

  1. a referendum

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin referendum.

Noun[edit]

referendum n (definite singular referendumet, indefinite plural referendum, definite plural referenduma)

  1. a referendum

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin referendum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rɛ.fɛˈrɛn.dum/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛndum
  • Syllabification: re‧fe‧ren‧dum

Noun[edit]

referendum n

  1. (politics) referendum
    Synonym: plebiscyt

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives

Further reading[edit]

  • referendum in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • referendum in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin referendum, French référendum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

referendum n (plural referendumuri)

  1. referendum
    Synonym: plebiscit

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /referěndum/
  • Hyphenation: re‧fe‧ren‧dum

Noun[edit]

referèndum m (Cyrillic spelling реферѐндум)

  1. referendum

Declension[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

referendum

  1. referendum (direct popular vote)
    Synonym: folkomröstning

Further reading[edit]