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PIE word

From constitution +‎ -al (suffix meaning ‘of or pertaining to’ forming adjectives).[1] Constitution is derived from Middle English constitucioun, constitucion (edict, law, ordinance, regulation, rule, statute; body of laws or rules, or customs; body of fundamental principles; principle or rule (of science); creation)[2] from Old French constitucion (modern French constitution), a learned borrowing from Latin cōnstitūtiō, cōnstitūtiōnem (character, constitution, disposition, nature; definition; point in dispute; order, regulation; arrangement, system), from cōnstituō (to establish, set up; to confirm; to decide, resolve) (from con- (prefix indicating a being or bringing together of several objects) + statuō (to set up, station; to establish; to determine, fix) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (to stand (up)))) + -tiō (suffix forming nouns relating to actions or the results of actions), -tiōnem (accusative singular of -tiō).



constitutional (comparative more constitutional, superlative most constitutional)

  1. Belonging to, or inherent in, the constitution or structure of one's body or mind.
    a constitutional infirmity   constitutional ardour or dullness
  2. For the benefit of one's constitution or health.
    a constitutional walk
  3. Relating to the constitution or composition of something; essential, fundamental.
  4. (law)
    1. Relating to a legal or political constitution (the basic law of a nation or institution; the formal or informal system of primary principles and laws that regulates a government or other institution).
      a constitutional right   constitutional reforms
      Brexit has rocked the foundations of the nation and plunged everyone into a state of heightened constitutional anxiety.
      Some are already speculating that a constitutional crisis is brewing.
    2. In compliance with or valid under a legal or political constitution.
      Antonyms: anticonstitutional, nonconstitutional, unconstitutional
      The Supreme Court ruled against the applicant and found the statute constitutional.
    3. (also politics) Of a monarch: having a purely ceremonial role, or possessing powers limited by a constitution rather than plenary or unlimited powers.

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constitutional (plural constitutionals)

  1. A walk that is taken regularly for good health and wellbeing.
    • 2018 December 12, Charles Bramesco, “A Spoonful of Nostalgia Helps the Calculated Mary Poppins Returns Go Down”, in The A.V. Club[2], archived from the original on 24 May 2019:
      Moments of potential transcendence, such as an afternoon constitutional through an expressionistic wonderland recalling the Fuji Velvia vividness of What Dreams May Come, ring false in light of this project's mercenary origins.



  1. ^ “constitutional, adj. and n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1893; “constitutional, adj. and n.”, in Lexico,; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  2. ^ constitūciǒun, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

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