sneeze

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English snesen(to sneeze), alteration of earlier fnesen(to sneeze), from Old English fnēosan(to snort, sneeze), from Proto-Germanic *fneusaną(to sneeze, snort), from Proto-Indo-European *pnew-(to breathe, sneeze). Cognate with Dutch dialectal fniezen(to sneeze), Old Norse fnȳsa(to snort); Middle English neosen(to sneeze), from Old Norse hnjōsa(to sneeze), Old High German niosan(to sneeze)}.

The infrequency of the “fn” combination coupled with the visual similarity of an “f” and “ſ” (long “s”) assisted in ultimately turning “fneeze” into “ſneeze (sneeze)”.

Verb[edit]

sneeze ‎(third-person singular simple present sneezes, present participle sneezing, simple past and past participle sneezed)

  1. (intransitive) To expel air as a reflex induced by an irritation in the nose.
  2. (intransitive) To expel air as if the nose were irritated.

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Noun[edit]

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sneeze ‎(plural sneezes)

  1. An act of sneezing.

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