sneeze

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English snesen (to sneeze), alteration of earlier fnesen (to sneeze), from Old English fnēosan (to snort, sneeze), from Proto-Germanic *fneusaną (to sneeze, snort), from Proto-Indo-European *pnew- (to breathe, sneeze). Cognate with dialectal Dutch fniezen (to sneeze), Old Norse fnýsa (to snort); Middle English neosen (to sneeze), from Old Norse hnjósa (to sneeze), Old High German niosan (to sneeze).

The infrequency of the fn combination, coupled with the visual similarity of an f and ſ (long s), assisted in ultimately turning fneeze into ſneeze (sneeze) (compare snore, from Middle English fnore).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /sniːz/
  • (US) IPA(key): /sniz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːz

Verb[edit]

sneeze (third-person singular simple present sneezes, present participle sneezing, simple past and past participle sneezed)

  1. (intransitive) To expel air as a reflex induced by an irritation in the nose.
  2. (intransitive) To expel air as if the nose were irritated.

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Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

sneeze (plural sneezes)

  1. An act of sneezing.

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