sneeze

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English snesen (to sneeze), alteration of earlier fnesen (to sneeze), from Old English fnēosan (to snort, sneeze), from Proto-Germanic *fneusaną (to sneeze, snort), from Proto-Indo-European *pnew- (to breathe, sneeze). Cognate with Dutch dialectal fniezen (to sneeze), Old Norse fnȳsa (to snort); Middle English neosen (to sneeze), from Old Norse hnjōsa (to sneeze), Old High German niosan (to sneeze)}.

The infrequency of the “fn” combination coupled with the visual similarity of an “f” and “ſ” (long “s”) assisted in ultimately turning “fneeze” into “ſneeze (sneeze)”.

Verb[edit]

sneeze (third-person singular simple present sneezes, present participle sneezing, simple past and past participle sneezed)

  1. (intransitive) To expel air as a reflex induced by an irritation in the nose.
  2. (intransitive) To expel air as if the nose were irritated.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to expel air as a reflex): (medicine) sternutate

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

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sneeze (plural sneezes)

  1. An act of sneezing.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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