niesen

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See also: Niesen

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

niesen

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) Alternative form of niezen
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of niesen (weak)
infinitive niesen
past singular nieste
past participle geniest
infinitive niesen
gerund niesen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular nies nieste
2nd person sing. (jij) niest nieste
2nd person sing. (u) niest nieste
2nd person sing. (gij) niest nieste
3rd person singular niest nieste
plural niesen niesten
subjunctive sing.1 niese nieste
subjunctive plur.1 niesen niesten
imperative sing. nies
imperative plur.1 niest
participles niesend geniest
1) Archaic.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

niesen

  1. Plural form of niese

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German niosan, from Proto-Germanic *hneusaną, a variant of *fneusaną. Cognate with Dutch niezen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈniːzən/, [ˈniːzən], [ˈniːzn̩] (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈniːsən/ (just as common)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

niesen (third-person singular simple present niest, past tense nieste, past participle geniest or genossen, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to sneeze

Usage notes[edit]

  • By far the most common past participle is regular geniest. Only this form is correct by standard rules.
  • Among those speakers who pronounce the verb with a voiceless [s]-sound, some few use the strong participle genossen, which is more properly that of genießen (to enjoy). This usage is most often humorous, otherwise quite rare.

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *niosan, from Proto-Germanic *hneusaną.

Verb[edit]

niesen

  1. to sneeze

Inflection[edit]

Weak
Indicative Present Past
1st singular niese niesde
2nd singular nies, nieses niesdes
3rd singular niest, nieset niesde
1st plural niesen niesden
2nd plural niest, nieset niesdet
3rd plural niesen niesden
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular niese niesde
2nd singular nies, nieses niesdes
3rd singular niese niesde
1st plural niesen niesden
2nd plural niest, nieset niesdet
3rd plural niesen niesden
Imperative Present
Singular niese
Plural niest, nieset
Present Past
Participle niesende geniest

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • niesen”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • niesen (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929