sorprendre

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: sorprendré

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Catalan sobreprendre, probably with influence from French surprendre. First attested 1803[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Verb[edit]

sorprendre (first-person singular present sorprenc, past participle sorprès)

  1. to surprise

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ sorprendre”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2022

Further reading[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

sor- +‎ prendre. Earlier, sorprendre (to overtake) (formed from sor- (over)) was distinguished from sosprendre, sousprendre (to surprise, catch unaware (from beneath)) (formed from sous- (under)); the two verbs later became one over time.

Verb[edit]

sorprendre

  1. to surprise
    • circa 1155, Wace, Le Roman de Brut:
      Cascuns voloit l'altre soprendre
      Each wanted to surprise the other
  2. to seize; to take control of
  3. to overtake

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has irregularities in its conjugation. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: surprendre