sorprendre

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See also: sorprendré

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Catalan sobreprendre, probably with influence from French surprendre. First attested 1803[1].

Verb[edit]

sorprendre (first-person singular present sorprenc, past participle sorprès)

  1. to surprise

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

sor- +‎ prendre. Earlier, sorprendre (to overtake) (formed from sor- (over)) was distinguished from sosprendre, sousprendre (to surprise, catch unaware (from beneath)) (formed from sous- (under)); the two verbs later became one over time.

Verb[edit]

sorprendre

  1. to surprise
    • circa 1155, Wace, Le Roman de Brut:
      Cascuns voloit l'altre soprendre
      Each wanted to surprise the other
  2. to seize; to take control of
  3. to overtake

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has irregularities in its conjugation. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]