souse

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English souse(to salt pickle) also a noun "liquid for pickling" and "pickled pig parts", from Old French sous(preserved in salt), from Frankish *sultija(saltwater, brine), from Proto-Germanic *sultijō(saltwater, brine). Cognate with Old Saxon sultia(saltwater), Old High German sulza(brine).

Noun[edit]

souse ‎(plural souses)

  1. Something kept or steeped in brine
    1. The pickled ears, feet, etc., of swine.
      • 1848, Thomas Tusser, Some of the Five hundred points of good husbandry, page 58:
        And he that can rear up a pig in his house, / Hath cheaper his bacon, and sweeter his souse.
      1. (US, Appalachia) Pickled scrapple.
      2. (Caribbean) Pickled or boiled ears and feet of a pig
    2. A pickle made with salt.
    3. The ear; especially, a hog's ear.
  2. The act of sousing; a plunging into water.
  3. A person suffering from the disease of alcoholism.
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

souse ‎(third-person singular simple present souses, present participle sousing, simple past and past participle soused)

  1. To immerse in liquid; to steep or drench.
    • 1575, George Gascoigne, The introduction to the Psalme of De Profundis[1]:
      (Although I bee well soused in this showere,)
    • 1730, Joseph Addison, The Works of the Late Right Honorable Joseph Addison, Esq., volume the fourth, London: Jacob Tonson, OCLC 519569671, page 154:
      As for my ſelf, they uſed to ſowſe me over head and ears in water when I was a boy
    • 1913, D.H. Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, chapter 2
      As she heard him sousing heartily in cold water, heard the eager scratch of the steel comb on the side of the bowl, as he wetted his hair, she closed her eyes in disgust.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Obscure origin. Compare Middle German sûs (noise).

Noun[edit]

souse ‎(plural souses)

  1. The act of sousing, or swooping.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Spenser
      As a falcon fair / That once hath failed or her souse full near.
  2. A heavy blow.
    • 1596, Spencer, Fairie Queene
      His murdrous mace he vp did reare, That seemed nought the souse thereof could beare.

Verb[edit]

souse ‎(third-person singular simple present souses, present participle sousing, simple past and past participle soused)

  1. (now dialectal, transitive) to strike, beat
  2. (now dialectal, intransitive) to fall heavily
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.4:
      Him so transfixed she before her bore / Beyond his croupe, the length of all her launce; / Till, sadly soucing on the sandy shore, / He tombled on an heape, and wallowd in his gore.
    • (Can we date this quote?) J. Dryden. Jr.
      Jove's bird will souse upon the tim'rous hare.
  3. (obsolete, transitive) to pounce upon
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare
      [The gallant monarch] like eagle o'er his serie towers, / To souse annoyance that comes near his nest.

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from Old French sous (plural of sout).

Noun[edit]

souse

  1. (obsolete) sou (the French coin)
  2. (dated) A small amount

Anagrams[edit]