spārns

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Putna spārni (1)
Lidmašīnas spārns (2)
Velosipēda dakšas spārni (3)
Ēkas spārni (4)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *sparnas (with lengthening of the a), from Proto-Indo-European *sper-no- ‎(wing), from the stem *per-, *sper- (with s-mobile; or else the s may result from the influence of the stem *spʰer ‎(to twitch, to flicker)) meaning originally “over (away from),” then “carry (away),” “fly (away).” Cognates include Lithuanian spar̃nas, Old Church Slavonic перо ‎(pero, feather), Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian перо ‎(peró), Upper Sorbian pjero, Old High German farn, German Farn, English fern, Hittite partau̯ar ‎(feather), Sanskrit पर्ण ‎(parṇá, feather; leaf).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

spārns m (1st declension)

  1. (anatomy, of birds, insects, bats) wing (one of a pair of flight organs)
    putna, tauriņa, sienāža spārns — a bird's, butterfly's, grasshopper's wing
    izplest spārnus — to open, spread one's wings
    sakļaust spārnus — to close one's wings
    spārnu vēzieniwingbeats
  2. wing (plate-like appendage in a large machine that interacts with the environment (e.g., air, water))
    lidmašīnas spārns — airplane wing
    kuģa dzenskrūves spārni — ship propeller wings
  3. plaque-like elongated element or part in a machine
    velosidpēda dakšas spārni — bicycle fork prongs (lit. wings)
  4. wing (lateral part or extension of a building)
    no vienas ēkas spārna uz otru — from one wing of the building to the other
    labajā spārnā atrodas bibliotēka — the library is situated in the right wing
  5. (military) flank
    pulkvedis ar savu adjutantu piejāja līdz pozīcijas labajam spārnam — the colonel and his aide rode up to (their) position's right flank
  6. wing (a group of people, within a larger group)
    filozofijas skolas radikālais spārns — the radical wing of the philosophical school

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “spārns” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7