stoke

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See also: Stoke

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) enPR: stōk, IPA(key): /stəʊk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -əʊk
  • (US) enPR: stōk, IPA(key): /stoʊk/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English stoken, from Middle Dutch stoken (to poke, thrust) or Middle Low German stoken (to poke, thrust), from Old Dutch *stokon or Old Saxon *stokon, both from Proto-West Germanic *stokōn, from Proto-Germanic *stukōną (to be stiff, push), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewg- (to push, beat).

Cognate with Middle High German stoken (to pierce, jab), Norwegian Nynorsk stauka (to push, thrust). Alternative etymology derives the Middle English word from Old French estoquer, estochier (to thrust, strike), from the same Germanic source. More at stock.

Verb[edit]

stoke (third-person singular simple present stokes, present participle stoking, simple past and past participle stoked)

  1. (transitive) To poke, pierce, thrust.
    • (13871400) Chaucer, The Knight's Tale, Part IV.
      Ne short swerd, for to stoke with poynt bitynge, / No man ne drawe, ne bere it by his syde.
      Nor any shortened sword, for point-thrusting, / Shall a man draw, or bear it by his side.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From a back-formation of stoker, apparently from Dutch stoker, from stoken (to kindle a fire, incite, instigate), from Middle Dutch stoken (to poke, thrust), from stock (stick, stock), see: tandenstoker. Ultimately the same word as above.

Verb[edit]

stoke (third-person singular simple present stokes, present participle stoking, simple past and past participle stoked)

  1. (transitive) To feed, stir up, especially, a fire or furnace.
  2. (transitive, by extension) To encourage a behavior or emotion.
    • 1974, Joni Mitchell, "Free Man in Paris":
      Stoking the star maker machinery behind the popular song
    • 2011, Roy F. Baumeister, John Tierney, Willpower, →ISBN, page 120:
      To stoke motivation and ambition, focus instead on the road ahead.
  3. (intransitive) To attend to or supply a furnace with fuel; to act as a stoker or fireman.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

stoke (plural stokes)

  1. (physics) Misconstruction of stokes (unit of kinematic viscosity)

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

stoke

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of stoken

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

stoke (Cyrillic spelling стоке)

  1. inflection of stoka:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stoke

  1. dative/locative singular of stoka