svær

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: svär and svär-

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse svǫrðr m, from Proto-Germanic *swarduz (rind, turf), cognate with Norwegian Bokmål svor, Swedish svål, English sward. The Danish form has the vowel of the plural (sverðir).

Noun[edit]

svær c (singular definite sværen, plural indefinite svær)

  1. rind
  2. crackling
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Danish swar, from Old Norse svárr, from Proto-Germanic *swēraz, cognate with Swedish svår, German schwer, Dutch zwaar, Gothic 𐍃𐍅𐌴𐍂𐍃 (swērs). The vowel of the modern Danish form is probably due to German influence. Doublet of svar.

Adjective[edit]

svær (neuter svært, plural and definite singular attributive svære)

  1. difficult, hard, stiff, tough
  2. (now rare) heavy, massive, solid
  3. severe
  4. portly, stout
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of svær
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular svær sværere sværest2
Neuter singular svært sværere sværest2
Plural svære sværere sværest2
Definite attributive1 svære sværere sværeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from a side form to Old Norse svárr (hard, heavy)

Adjective[edit]

svær (masculine and feminine svær, neuter svært, definite singular and plural svære)

  1. heavy, massive, huge, large, tremendous

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from a side form to Old Norse svárr (hard, heavy), or from Middle Low German schwer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

svær (masculine and feminine svær, neuter svært, definite singular and plural svære, comparative sværare, indefinite superlative sværast, definite superlative sværaste)

  1. big, massive; huge
    Dyret var svært.
    The animal was massive.
  2. unusual
    Det var då svært so lang tid dette skulle ta.
    This took unusually long.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]