tenebra

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Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tenebra.

Noun[edit]

tenebra f (plural tenebre)

  1. darkness, gloom, night

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used especially in the plural

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Arose by dissimilation from earlier *temebrai, arisen from Proto-Italic *temasro, from Proto-Indo-European *temH-s-ro (dark), a derivation from Proto-Indo-European *temH- (dark); cognate with Sanskrit तमिस्र (tamisra), Avestan 𐬙𐬄𐬚𐬭𐬀(tąθra), Middle Persian [script needed] (tʾr /tār/, darkness) and Ossetian тар (tar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tenebra f (genitive tenebrae); first declension

  1. (in the plural) darkness, shadow, gloom, obscurity
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.2:
      terra autem erat inanis et vacua et tenebrae super faciem abyssi et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas
      And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
  2. ignorance
  3. concealment

Usage notes[edit]

Almost always used in the plural rather than the singular.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative tenebra tenebrae
Genitive tenebrae tenebrārum
Dative tenebrae tenebrīs
Accusative tenebram tenebrās
Ablative tenebrā tenebrīs
Vocative tenebra tenebrae

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]