tenebra

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tenebra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tenebra f (plural tenebres)

  1. Profound darkness.
    L'autèntic drama no habita en el cor de les tenebres, sinó en les tenebres del cor.
    Authentic drama doesn't reside in the heart of darkness but in the darkness of the heart.
  2. (in the plural, Christianity) Tenebrae (Holy Week religious service)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used especially in the plural

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tenebra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tenebra f (plural tenebre)

  1. darkness, gloom, night

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used especially in the plural

References[edit]

  1. ^ tenebra in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Arose by dissimilation from earlier *temebrai, arisen from Proto-Italic *temasro, from Proto-Indo-European *temH-s-ro (dark), a derivation from Proto-Indo-European *temH- (dark); cognate with Sanskrit तमिस्र (tamisra), Avestan 𐬙𐬄𐬚𐬭𐬀(tąθra), Middle Persian [script needed] (tʾr /tār/, darkness), Ossetian тар (tar), and Old Church Slavonic тьмьнъ (tĭmĭnŭ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tenebra f (genitive tenebrae); first declension

  1. (in the plural) darkness, shadow, gloom, obscurity
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.2:
      Terra autem erat inānis et vacua, et tenebrae erant super faciem abyssī: et spīritus Deī ferēbātur super aquās.
      And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
  2. ignorance
  3. concealment

Usage notes[edit]

Almost always used in the plural rather than the singular.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative tenebra tenebrae
Genitive tenebrae tenebrārum
Dative tenebrae tenebrīs
Accusative tenebram tenebrās
Ablative tenebrā tenebrīs
Vocative tenebra tenebrae

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • tenebra in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • tenebra in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “tenebrae”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 512