wigwam

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A wigwam at Lefferts Historic House Museum, Brooklyn, New York

Etymology[edit]

From Western Abenaki wigwôm or Eastern Abenaki (Penobscot) wigwom[1] (both meaning "house"), from Proto-Algonquian *wi·kiwa·ʔmi (house). Doublet of wickiup.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wigwam (plural wigwams)

  1. A dwelling having an arched framework overlaid with bark, hides, or mats, used by Native Americans in the northeastern United States.
  2. (possibly dated) Any more or less similar dwelling used by indigenous people in other parts of the world.
    • 1796, J[ohn] G[abriel] Stedman, chapter XV, in Narrative of a Five Years’ Expedition against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam, in Guiana, on the Wild Coast of South America; [], volume I, London: J[oseph] Johnson, [], and J. Edwards, [], OCLC 13966308, page 388:
      Their houſes or wigwams, which they call carbets, are built as I have already deſcribed thoſe of the negroes; but inſtead of being covered with the leaves of the manicole-tree, they are covered with the leaves of rattans or jointed canes, here called tas, which grow in cluſters in all marſhy places: [...]
    • 1845 edition, Charles Darwin, Journal and Remarks (The Voyage of the Beagle):
      The Fuegian wigwam resembles, in size and dimensions, a haycock. It merely consists of a few broken branches stuck in the ground, and very imperfectly thatched on one side with a few tufts of grass and rushes.

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

wigwam (third-person singular simple present wigwams, present participle wigwamming, simple past and past participle wigwammed)

  1. (transitive) To dry (flax or straw) by standing it outside in the shape of a wigwam.

See also[edit]

  • other traditional Native American dwellings:
    • hogan (used by the Navajo in the southwestern United States)
    • igloo (used by the Inuit, made of snow)
    • teepee (used in the Great Plains)
    • tupik (used by the Inuit during the summer)
    • wetu (used by the Wampanoag in the northeastern United States)
    • wickiup (used in the southwestern and western United States)
    • wigwam (used in the northeastern United States)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1918, Frank G. Speck, Newell Lion, Penobscot Transformer Tales, in the International Journal of American Linguistics, volume 1, number 3 (August 1918)

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English wigwam.

Noun[edit]

wigwam m (invariable)

  1. wigwam

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English wigwam.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wigwam m inan

  1. wigwam

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sometimes incorrectly used to refer to a teepee.

Potawatomi[edit]

Noun[edit]

wigwam

  1. house

References[edit]

  • Donald Perrot (2017) Memejek Ebodewadmimyak: Mnokmek, Amazon.com