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wigwam (plural wigwams)
- A dwelling having an arched framework overlaid with bark, hides, or mats, used by Native Americans in the northeastern United States.
- (possibly dated) Any more or less similar dwelling used by indigenous people in other parts of the world.
- 1796, J[ohn] G[abriel] Stedman, chapter XV, in Narrative of a Five Years’ Expedition against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam, in Guiana, on the Wild Coast of South America; […], volume I, London: J[oseph] Johnson, […], and J. Edwards, […], OCLC 13966308, page 388:
- Their houſes or wigwams, which they call carbets, are built as I have already deſcribed thoſe of the negroes; but inſtead of being covered with the leaves of the manicole-tree, they are covered with the leaves of rattans or jointed canes, here called tas, which grow in cluſters in all marſhy places: [...]
- 1845 edition, Charles Darwin, Journal and Remarks (The Voyage of the Beagle):
- The Fuegian wigwam resembles, in size and dimensions, a haycock. It merely consists of a few broken branches stuck in the ground, and very imperfectly thatched on one side with a few tufts of grass and rushes.
a Native American dwelling
- other traditional Native American dwellings:
- hogan (used by the Navajo in the southwestern United States)
- igloo (used by the Inuit, made of snow)
- teepee (used in the Great Plains)
- tupik (used by the Inuit during the summer)
- wetu (used by the Wampanoag in the northeastern United States)
- wickiup (used in the southwestern and western United States)
- wigwam (used in the northeastern United States)
- ^ 1918, Frank G. Speck, Newell Lion, Penobscot Transformer Tales, in the International Journal of American Linguistics, volume 1, number 3 (August 1918)
wigwam m (invariable)
wigwam m inan
declension of wigwam
- Sometimes incorrectly used to refer to a teepee.
- Donald Perrot (2017) Memejek Ebodewadmimyak: Mnokmek, Amazon.com