zaļums

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From zaļš (green) +‎ -ums.

Noun[edit]

zaļums m (1st declension)

  1. (usually in the singular) green, greenness (the quality of that which is green)
    lapu zaļumsthe greenness of leaves
    košs zaļumsbright green(ness), greens
    pavasara zaļumsspring green(ness), greens
    mežu tumšais zaļumsthe dark green of the forest
    gaišs zaļums sedz kalnus un gravaslight green (= vegetation) covered mountains and ravines
  2. (usually in the plural) plants, the green parts of plants (leaves, branches, etc.)
    zaļumu vītnesgarland, wreath of greens (leaves, twigs, flowers, etc.)
    Mūsu kāzinieku dēļ baznīca bija pušķota zaļumiembecause of our wedding, the church was full of greens, greenery (= plants, flowers)
  3. (usually in the plural) leaves of certain plants (e.g., dill, parsley) used to season or marinate raw food
    zupu pārkaisa ar sakapātiem pētersīļu zaļumiemthey sprinkled the soup with chopped parsley leaves (= lit. greens)
    uzturzinātnieki ieteic lietot vairāk zaļumudietologists recommend the use of more greens (= dill, parsley, etc. leaves)
  4. (usually in the plural) place in the open, with many growing trees, plants
    zaļumu balle, zaļumballeopen-air ball, party
    zaļumu svētki, zaļumsvētki — open-air holiday, festival, celebration
    apkārt mājai daudz zaļumu: koki, zāle, puķesaround the house there is a lot of green (areas): trees, grass, flowers
    saulainā svētdienā viņi visi iekāps vilcienā un aizbrauks zaļumoson a sunny Sunday they will all take a train and go to the greens (= green areas in the countryside)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]