zvaigzne

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See also: zvaigznē

Latvian[edit]

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 zvaigzne on Latvian Wikipedia
Zvaigznes (1)
Zvaigzne (2)

Etymology[edit]

From an older *zvaigzde (via an intermediate form *zvaigzdne), from Proto-Baltic *žvaig-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰweygʷ-, *ǵʰwoygʷ-(shine; to shine), from *ǵʰwey-, *ǵʰey-(to shine) with an extra . Cognates include Lithuanian žvaigždė̃, Proto-Slavic *gvězda (Old Church Slavonic звѣзда(zvězda), Russian, Bulgarian звезда(zvezdá), Belarusian звязда(zvjazdá), Ukrainian звізда(zvizdá), Czech hvězda, Polish gwiazda.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

zvaigzne f (5th declension)

  1. (astronomy) star (celestial body mostly composed of light gases that irradiates light)
    spožas zvaigznes‎ ― bright stars
    divkāršā, dvīņu zvaigzne‎ ― double, twin star
    vairākkārtīga zvaigzne‎ ― multiple star
    primā lieluma zvaigzne‎ ― first magnitude star
    rīta, vakara zvaigzne‎ ― morning, evening star (i.e., Venus)
    krītoša zvaigzne‎ ― falling star
    mūsu zvaigžņu sistēma - Galaktika - izveidojās pirms 10-15 miljardiem gadu‎ ― our star system - the Galalxy (= Milky Way) - was formed 10-15 billion years ago
  2. (geometry) star (object, drawing, geometric shape formed by regularly spaced points or protrusions)
    piecstūru zvaigzne‎ ― five-point, pentagonal star
    Triju Zvaigžņu ordenis‎ ― the Order of the Three Stars
    jūras zvaigzne, jūraszvaigzneeātra starfish (lit. sea star)
  3. (of people) star, celebrity (a famous, outstandingly talented person in a certain area, especially in the performing arts)
    baleta, teātra zvaigzne‎ ― ballet, theater star
    kino zvaigzne, kinozvaigzne, filmu zvaigzne‎ ― movie star
    sporta zvaigzne‎ ― sports star
    vecos laikos nereti gadījās, ka, aizstājot kādu saslimušu premjeru vai primadonnu, pēkšņi uzausa mākslā jauna zvaigzne‎ ― in the old days it often happened that a new star dawned in (the performing) arts by replacing a sick actor or prima donna

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zvaigzne”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7