zvaigzne

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See also: zvaigznē

Latvian[edit]

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 zvaigzne on Latvian Wikipedia
Zvaigznes (1)
Zvaigzne (2)

Etymology[edit]

From an older *zvaigzde (via an intermediate form *zvaigzdne), from Proto-Baltic *žvaig-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰweygʷ-, *ǵʰwoygʷ- (shine; to shine), from *ǵʰwey-, *ǵʰey- (to shine) with an extra . Cognates include Lithuanian žvaigždė̃, Proto-Slavic *gvězda (Old Church Slavonic звѣзда (zvězda), Russian, Bulgarian звезда (zvezdá), Belarusian звязда (zvjazdá), Ukrainian звізда (zvizdá), Czech hvězda, Polish gwiazda.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

zvaigzne f (5th declension)

  1. (astronomy) star (celestial body mostly composed of light gases that irradiates light)
    spožas zvaigznesbright stars
    divkāršā, dvīņu zvaigznedouble, twin star
    vairākkārtīga zvaigznemultiple star
    primā lieluma zvaigznefirst magnitude star
    rīta, vakara zvaigznemorning, evening star (i.e., Venus)
    krītoša zvaigznefalling star
    mūsu zvaigžņu sistēma - Galaktika - izveidojās pirms 10-15 miljardiem gaduour star system - the Galalxy (= Milky Way) - was formed 10-15 billion years ago
  2. (geometry) star (object, drawing, geometric shape formed by regularly spaced points or protrusions)
    piecstūru zvaigznefive-point, pentagonal star
    Triju Zvaigžņu ordenisthe Order of the Three Stars
    jūras zvaigzne, jūraszvaigzneeātra starfish (lit. sea star)
  3. (of people) star, celebrity (a famous, outstandingly talented person in a certain area, especially in the performing arts)
    baleta, teātra zvaigzneballet, theater star
    kino zvaigzne, kinozvaigzne, filmu zvaigznemovie star
    sporta zvaigznesports star
    vecos laikos nereti gadījās, ka, aizstājot kādu saslimušu premjeru vai primadonnu, pēkšņi uzausa mākslā jauna zvaigznein the old days it often happened that a new star dawned in (the performing) arts by replacing a sick actor or prima donna

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zvaigzne”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7