תשובה

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See also: תּשובֿה

Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root שׁ־ו־ב \ שׁ־ב (sh-v-b / sh-b).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

תְּשׁוּבָה (t'shuváf (plural indefinite form תְּשׁוּבוֹת, singular construct form תְּשׁוּבַת־, plural construct form תְּשׁוּבוֹת־)

  1. answer, response
    • Job 21:34:
      וְאֵיךְ תְּנַחֲמוּנִי הָבֶל וּתְשׁוּבֹתֵיכֶם נִשְׁאַר־מָעַל׃
      v'éikh t'nakhamúni hável ut'shuvoteikhém nish'ár-má'al.
      How then comfort ye me in vain, seeing in your answers there remaineth falsehood?[1]
  2. repentance
    • a. 1200, Maimonides, משנה תורה,‎ תשובה chapter 1:
      כל המצוות שבתורה [] אם עבר אדם על אחת מהן [] כשיעשה תשובה וישוב מחטאו חייב להתוודות לפני האל ברוך הוא
      kól hamitsvót shebatorá [] ím avár adám ál achát mehén [] k'sheyaasé t'shuvá v'yashúv mechet'ó chayáv l'hitvadót lifné haél barúch hú
      All the commands in the Torah [] if a man transgressed any one of them [] when he will do repentance and return from his sin, he's obliged to confess before the almighty, blessed be he.
  3. reconciliation
  4. period, time period
    • II Samuel 11:1:
      וַיְהִי לִתְשׁוּבַת הַשָּׁנָה לְעֵת ׀ צֵאת הַמַּלְאכִים וַיִּשְׁלַח דָּוִד אֶת־יוֹאָב וְאֶת־עֲבָדָיו עִמּוֹ וְאֶת־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיַּשְׁחִתוּ אֶת־בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן וַיָּצֻרוּ עַל־רַבָּה וְדָוִד יוֹשֵׁב בִּירוּשָׁלִָם׃
      vay'hí lit'shuvát hashaná l'ét tséit hamal'akhím vayishlákh davíd ét-yo'áv v'ét-avadáv imó v'ét-kól-yisra'él vayashkhítu ét-b'néi amón vayatsúru al-rabá v'davíd yoshév birushalám.
      And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth [to battle], that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem.[1]
  5. return

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Authorized King James translation (1611).

Yiddish[edit]

Noun[edit]

תשובה (tshuve)

  1. (nonstandard) Unpointed form of תּשובֿה (tshuvh).