瑠璃

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Japanese[edit]

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瑠璃: a lapis lazuli carving from Qing Dynasty China
Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Shortened from 吠瑠璃 (​beiruri), itself from Middle Chinese 吠瑠璃 (bjojH liou liɛ), a phonetic transcription of Sanskrit वैडूर्य (vaiḍūrya, cat's-eye, beryl).[1][2] Some scholars suggest that the source term might instead have been Pali veḷuriya (precious stone, maybe lapis lazuli), itself derived from the Sanskrit term.[3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

瑠璃 (hiragana るり, romaji ruri)

  1. lapis lazuli
  2. the deep blue color of lapis lazuli: azure
  3. common name for various blue thrushes (birds) in family Muscicapidae, such as the 大瑠璃 (ōruri, blue and white flycatcher, Cyanoptila cyanomelana) or 小瑠璃 (koruri, Siberian blue robin, Luscinia cyane)
  4. (mineralogy, geology) lazurite
    The term 青金石 (​seikinseki) is used more specifically for this sense.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1985, The Golden Peaches of Samarkand, Edward H Schafer, University of California Press, Los Angeles, 398 pp.
  4. ^ 1917, Field Museum of Natural History: 1909, “The Beginnings of Porcelain in China”, Berthold Laufer and Henry Windsor Nichols, The Museum, p138:
    The glassy paste for the production of ceramic glazes was called liu-li 琉璃 (in the Han Annals 流離) or p'i-liu-li, derived from Prākrit veluriya, Mahārāshṭrī verulia (Sanskrit vaiḍūrya).
  5. 5.0 5.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3