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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 122 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田中中一卜 (WLLMY), four-corner 60111, composition)

  1. crime, sin, vice
  2. evil
  3. hardship

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 948, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28293
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1389, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2920, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7F6A

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (罪), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 灰
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 徂賄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuʌiX/ /d͡zʱuɑ̆iX/ /d͡zuᴀiX/ /d͡zuoiX/ /d͡zwəjX/ /d͡zuɒiX/ /d͡zuɒiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zuì ‹ dzwojX › /*[dz]ˤujʔ/ crime, offense

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17981 2 /*zuːlʔ/ 同辠

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つみ, romaji tsumi)

  1. guilt
  2. sin
  3. offence

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(joe) (hangeul , revised joe, McCune-Reischauer choe, Yale coy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tội, tụi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.