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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 195 +9, 20 strokes, cangjie input 弓火口口尸 (NFRRS))

  1. alligator

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1475, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46337
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2006, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4701, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+9C10

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. alligator, crocodile
  2. a shark or other large dangerous fish

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia Wikipedia

From Old Japanese, mentioned in the Kojiki. Derivation uncertain. The senses of alligator and crocodile are relatively modern, given the lack of any such animals in Japan. Formerly referred to sharks and other large dangerous fish.

Various theories exist regarding the term's origin, such as an alteration of (oni, demon, devil), an abbreviation of 海主 (watanushi, sea master, sea god), or of 割れ醜い (warenikui, hate to see it open) in reference to the mouth, or even a borrowing from the Orok language of Hokkaidō and Sakhalin of the word bāni, purportedly originally meaning seal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana わに, romaji wani)

  1. an alligator, a crocodile
  2. (obsolete) a shark or other large and dangerous fish

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1967 December 15 [898-901], Shōjū; Kyōto Daigaku Bungakubu Kokugogaku Kokubungaku Kenkyūshitu, Shinsen Jikyō (Zōteiban) (in Japanese), Kyōto: Rinsen, ISBN 4-653-00029-8:

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ak) (hangeul , revised ak, McCune-Reischauer ak, Yale ak)

  1. (악어) crocodile, alligator

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin è (e4), (xi3), Wade-Giles o4, hsi3)

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