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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
鬼-bw.png
Stroke order
鬼-order.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
鬼-cursive-order.gif
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Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a man or figure with an ugly face and tail.

Compare (different, strange), where the 田 also derives from a face.

It may not be clear from the character, but the lower right “dot” is a small ; it is a residual tail – compare .

Graphically, modern form is  +  + , plus a dot on top.

Han character[edit]

(radical 194 +0, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山戈 (HUI), 竹戈 (HI), four-corner 26213)

  1. ghost
  2. spirit of the dead
  3. devil

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1460, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45758
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1993, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4427, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9B3C

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鬼), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 居偉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʉiX/ /kwe̯iX/ /kiuəiX/ /kʷɨiX/ /kujX/ /kĭwəiX/ /kiuəiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guǐ ‹ kjwɨjX › /*k-ʔujʔ/ ghost
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4689 2 /*kulʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. a ghost
  2. a Caucasian or Western person, usually used in a compound

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Thought to be derived from (on, to hide, hidden from sight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おに, romaji oni)

  1. a ghost
  2. an evil spirit, a demon
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 1 page 32)
      人神 周易云、人神曰鬼、居偉反、和名於邇、或説云、於邇者、隠音之訛也、鬼物隠而不欲顯形、故以稱也。
  3. someone of remarkable or diabolical energy or ability; demon
    彼女 (かのじょ)仕事 (しごと) (おに)だ。
    kanojo wa shigoto no oni da.
    She is a demon for work.
  4. "it" in a game of tag, hide and seek, kick the can, etc.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]



Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwi) (hangeul , revised gwi, McCune-Reischauer kwi, Yale kwi)

  1. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*giuə̌i)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quỷ, khuỷu, quẽ, quỉ, sưu)

  1. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.