-nom

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See also: nom and -nöm

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-n- (infinitive suffix) +‎ -om (first-person singular suffix)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nom

  1. (conjugated infinitive suffix) Used to form the first-person singular of a conjugated infinitive.
    tanulni (to study) → Tanulnom kell. - I have to study.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The conjugated infinitive denotes action connected to the person. The non-conjugated infinitive has a general meaning.
    Itt nem szabad dohányoznom. - I am not allowed to smoke here. (first-person)
    Itt nem szabad dohányozni. - Smoking is not allowed here. (general)
  • Variants:
    -nom is added to back vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    rohanni (to run) → rohannom kell (I have to run)
    -nem is added to unrounded front vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    nevetni (to laugh) → nevetnem kell (I have to laugh)
    -nöm is added to rounded front vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni
    főzni (to cook) → főznöm kell (I have to cook)
    -anom is added to back vowel words that form their infinitive with -ani
    tanítani (to teach) → tanítanom kell (I have to teach)
    -enem is added to front vowel words that form their infinitive with -eni
    veszíteni (to lose) → súlyt kell veszítenem (I have to lose weight)

See also[edit]