-nia

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nia

  1. Suffix to denote the third-person singular form of an infinitive.
    tanulni (to study) → Tanulnia kell. - He/she has to study.
  2. Suffix to denote the second-person singular formal form of an infinitive.
    tanulni (to study) → Önnek tanulnia kell. - You (formal) have to study.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The conjugated infinitive denotes action connected to the person. The non-conjugated infinitive has a general meaning.
Itt nem szabad dohányoznia. - He/she is not allowed to smoke here. (third-person)
Itt nem szabad dohányozni. - Smoking is not allowed here. (general)
  • Member of the following suffix cluster:
-nia is added to back vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni:
rohanni (to run) → rohannia kell (he/she has to run)
-nie is added to front vowel words that form their infinitive with -ni:
nevetni (to laugh) → nevetnie kell (he/she has to laugh)
főzni (to cook) → főznie kell (he/she has to cook)
-ania is added to back vowel words that form their infinitive with -ani:
tanítani (to teach) → tanítania kell (he/she has to teach)
-enie is added to front vowel words that form their infinitive with -eni:
veszíteni (to lose) → súlyt kell veszítenie (he/she has to lose weight)

See also[edit]