User:Ivan Štambuk/MW/5000

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  1. ब्रह्मन् (brahman) (brahman)
    n. (lit. `" growth "', `" expansion "', `" evolution "', `" development "' `" swelling of the spirit or soul "', fr. 2. %{bRh}) pious effusion or utterance, outpouring of the heart in worshipping the gods, prayerVS. TS.
    the sacred word (as opp. to %{vAc}, the word of man), the Veda, a sacred text, a text or Mantra used as a spell (forming a distinct class from the %{Rcas}, %{sAmAni} and %{yajUMSi}
    cf. %{brahma-veda})Br. Mn. Pur.
    the Bra1hman2a portion of the Veda Mn. iv, 100
    the sacred syllable Om Prab., Sch, (cf. Mn. ii, 83)
    religious or spiritual knowledge (opp. to religious observances and bodily mortification such as %{tapas} &c.) AV. Br. Mn. R.
    holy life (esp. continence, chastity
    cf. %{brahma-carya}) S3ak.i, 24/25 S3am2k. Sarvad.
    (exceptionally treated as m.) the Brahma8 or one selfexistent impersonal Spirit, the one universal Soul (or one divine essence and source from which all created things emanate or with which they are identified and to which they return), the Self-existent, the Absolute, the Eternal (not generally an object of worship but rather of meditation and-knowledge [738,1]
    also with %{jye4STha}, %{prathama-ja4}, %{svayo4m-bhu}, %{a-mUrta}, %{para}, %{paratara}, %{parama}, %{mahat}, %{sanAtana}, %{zAzvata}
    and = %{paramA7tman}, %{Atman}, %{adhyAtma}, %{pradhAna}, %{kSetra-jJa}, %{tattva}) AV. S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c. (IW. 9, 83 &c,)
    n. the class of men who are the repositories and communicators of sacred knowledge, the Bra1hmanical caste as a body (rarely an individual Bra1hman) AV. TS. VS. S3Br. Mn. BhP.
    food Naigh. ii, 7
    wealth ib. 10
    final emancipation
    m. (%{brahma4n}), one who Prays, a devot or religious man, a Bra1hman who is a knower of Vedic texts or spells, one versed in sacred knowledge RV. &c. &c. [cf. Lat., {fla1men}]
    N. of Br2ihas-pati (as the priest of the gods) RV. x, 141, 3
    one of the 4 principal priests or R2itvijas (the other three being the Hotr2i, Adhvaryu and Udga1tr2i
    the Brahman was the most learned of them and was required to know the 3 Vedas, to supervise the, sacrifice and to set right mistakes
    at a later period his functions were based especially on the Atharva-veda) RV. &c. &c.
    Brahma1 or the one impersonal universal Spirit manifested as a personal Creator and as the first of the triad of personal gods (= %{prajA-pati} q.v.
    he never appears to have become an object of general worship, though he has two temples in India see RTL. 555 &c.
    his wife is Sarasvati1 ib. 48) TBr. &c. &c,
    = %{brahmaNa@AyuH}, a lifetime of Brahma1 Pan5car.
    an inhabitant of Brahma1's heaven Ja1takam.
    the sun
    N. of S3iva Prab. Sch.
    the Veda (?) Pa1rGr2.
    the intellect (= %{buddhi}) Tattvas.
    N. of a star, $ Aurigae, Su1ryat.
    a partic. astron. Yoga
    N. of the 9th Muhu1rta
    (with Jainas) a partic. Kalpa Dharmas3.
    N. of the servant of the 10th Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i
    of a magician Ra1jat.
  2. ब्रह्मगिरि (brahmagiri) (brahmagiri)
    m. N. of a mountain Ka1lP.
    (?) of Comms. on various Upanishads Cat.
  3. ब्रह्महन् (brahmahan) (brahmahan)
    mf(%{ghnI})n. `" Bra1hman-slaying "', the murderer of a Bra1hman TS. &c. &c.
    (%{ghnI}) f. Aloe Perfoliata L.
  4. ब्रह्मचारिन् (brahmacārin) (brahmacārin)
    mf(%{iNI})n. practising sacred study as an unmarried student, observing chastity RV. &c. &c.
    m. a young Bra1hman who is a student of the Veda (under a preceptor) or who practises chastity, a young BrBra1hman before marriage (in the first period of his life) AV. Mn. MBh. &c. (cf. %{Azrama} and IW. 192 &c. RTL. 84 &c.
    the N. Brahma-ca1rin is also given to older unmarried Bra1hmans, esp. if versed in the Veda, and by the Tantras to any person whose chief virtue is continence)
    N. of a Gandharva MBh.
    of Skanda
    of S3iva S3ivag.
    (%{iNI}) f. N. of Durga1 Devi1P.
    a woman who observes the vow of chastity W.
    Clerodendrum Siphonantus(v.l. %{-raNI})
    Thespesia Populneoides
    = %{karuNI}
    %{-ri-vAsa} m. the living of a Brahma-ca1rin, (in the house of his religious teacher) A1past.
    %{-ri-vAsi4n} mfn. living as a Brahma-cca1rin &c. TS.
  5. ब्रह्मण्य (brahmaṇya) (brahmaṇya)
    1 Nom. P. %{-ya4ti} (only pr. p. %{-ya4t}) to pray, be devout or religious RV.
  6. ब्रह्मवर्चस (brahmavarcasa) (brahmavarcasa)
    n. divine glory or splendour, pre-eminence in holiness or sacred knowledge, sanctity, superhuman power AV. &c. &c.
    %{-kAma} mfn. desirous of holiness or sacred knowledge Mn. ii, 37
    %{-si4n} mfn. eminent in sacred knowledge, holy (compar. %{-si4-tara}) VS. AS. Br. MBh.
    %{-sya} mf(%{A})n. conferring sanctity or sacred knowledge Br. BhP.
  7. ब्रह्महत्या (brahmahatyā) (brahmahatyā)
    f. murder of a Bra1hman (or any crime equally heinous) VS. &c. &c.
  8. ब्रह्मोद्य (brahmodya) (brahmodya)
    n. rivalry in sacred knowledge, playful discussion of theological questions or problems Br. S3rS.
    mf(%{A})n. relating to sacred questions or problems Vop.
    (%{A}) f. (with %{kathA}) a story or riddle from the Veda Mn. iii, 231 (cf. %{brahmavadya}).
  9. ब्राह्म (brāhma) (brāhma)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{brahman}, for which it is also the Vr2iddhi form in comp.) relating to Brahma8 or Brahma1, holy, sacred, divine AV. &c. &c.
    relating to sacred knowledge, prescribed by the Veda, scriptural Mn. ii, 150 &c.
    sacred to the Veda (with or scil. %{tIrtha} n. the part of the hand situated at the root of the thumb), ii, 59 &c.
    relating or belonging to the Bra1hmans or the sacerdotal class peculiar or favourable to or consisting of Bra1hmans Brahmanical Mn. MBh. &c. (with %{nidhi} m. money bestowed on the sacerdotal class Mn. vii, 89)
    belonging to an inhabitant of Brahma1's world Ja1takam.
    m. (with or scil. %{vivAha}) N. of a form of marriage (in which the bride is bestowed on the bridegroom without requiring anything from him) Mn. iii, 21 &c.
    N. of a man (son of Kr2ishn2a and father of Mahe7s3vara) Cat.
    patr. of Na1rada
    of Kavi MBh.
    of U1rdhva-na1bhan and Raksho-han RAnukr.
    (%{I}) f. see %{brAhmI}
    n. sacred study, study of the Veda BhP.
    (with or scil. %{tIrtha}) see above.
  10. ब्राह्मण (brāhmaṇa) (brāhmaṇa)
    mfn. relating to or given by a Bra1hman, befitting or becoming a BrBra1hman, Bra1hmanical AV. TBr. MBh.
    (%{-Na4}) m. one who has divine knowledge (sometimes applied to Agni), a Bra1hman, a man belonging to the 1st of the 3 twice-born classes and of the 4 original divisions of the Hindu1 body (generally a priest, but often in the present day a layman engaged in non-priestly occupations although the name is strictly only applicable to one who knows and repeats the Veda) RV. &c. &c.
    = %{brAhmaNAcchaMsin} Ka1tyS3r.
    a Bra1hman in the second stage (between Ma1tra and S3rotriya) Hcat.
    N. of the 28th lunar mansion
    (%{I}) f. see %{brAhmaNI}
    n. that which is divine, the divine AV.
    sacred or ddivine power ib. A1s3vGr2.
    Bra1hmanical explanation, explanations of sacred knowledge or doctrine (esp. for the use of the Bra1hmans in their sacrifices) Br.
    the Bra1hman2a portion of the Veda (as distinct from its Mantra and Upanishad portion) and consisting of a class of works called Bra1hman2as (they contain rules for the employment of the Mantras or hymns at various sacrifices, with detailed explanations of their origin and meaning and numerous old legends
    they are said by Sa1yan2a to contain two parts: 1. %{vidhi}, rules or directions for rites
    2. %{artha-vAda}, explanatory remarks
    each Veda has its own Bra1hman2a, that of the RV. is preserved in 2 works, viz. the Aitareya, sometimes called A1s3vala1yana, and the Kaushi1taki or S3a1n3kha1yana-BrBra1hman2a
    the white Yajur-veda has the S3ata-patha-BrBra1hman2a
    the black Yajur-veda has the Taittiri1ya-BrBra1hman2a which differs little from the text of its Sam2hita1
    the SV. has 8 BrBra1hman2a, the best known of which are the Praud2ha or Pan5ca-vin6s3a and the Shad2vins3a
    the AV. has one BrBra1hman2a called Go-patha) Nir. Gr2S3rS. &c.
    the Soma vessel of the Brahman priest
    a society or assemblage of Bra1hmans, a conclave W.
  11. ब्राह्मण्य (brāhmaṇya) (brāhmaṇya)
    mfn. (fr. %{brAhmaNa4}) fit for Bra1hmans MBh.
    m. the planet Saturn(cf. 2. %{brahmaNya})
    n. the state or rank of a Bra1hman, Bra1hmanhood, priestly rank or character S3Br. &c. &c. (cf. %{a-br-})
    a multitude or assembly of Bra1hmans R. (cf. Pa1n2. 4-2, 42).
  12. (bha) (bha)
    1 aspirate of %{ba}.2 (in gram.) N. of the weakest base of nouns (as opp. to %{pada} and %{aGga} q.v.) i.e. of the base before the vowel terminations except in strong cases, before feminine suffixes, and before Taddhitas beginning with vowels or %{y} Pa1n2. 1-4, 18 &c. 3 (in prosody) a dactyl.4 (1. %{bhA}) m. N. of the planet Venus or its regent, (= %{zukra})
    semblance, delusion, error
    (%{A4}) f. light or a beam of llight, lustre, splendour MBh. Hariv. Var. &c. (cf. 2. %{bhA})
    the shadow of a gnomon Su1ryas.
    appearance, resemblance, likeness (ifc.
    cf. %{agni-bha}, %{guDa-bhA}, %{tantubha})
    n. a star, planet, asterism, lunar aasterism or mansion (and so also the number 27
    cf. %{nakSatra}), sign of the zodiac Gr2S. Su1ryas. Var. S3atr. &c.5 m. (prob. onomat.) a bee
  13. भकार (bhakāra) (bhakāra)
    m. the letter or sound %{bha}.
  14. भक्त (bhakta) (bhakta)
    %{bhakti} &c. see p. 743.
  15. भक्ति (bhakti) (bhakti)
    f. distribution, partition, separation RV. Ta1n2d2Br. &c. (cf. %{kSetra-}, %{bhaGgI-bh-})
    a division, portion, share AitBr.
    a division of a Sa1man (also called %{vidhi}, of which 7 or 5 are enumerated) La1t2y. [743,2] Sam2k.
    division by streaks or lines Ragh.
    a streak, line, variegated decoration Hariv. Ka1v.
    a row, series, succession, order (%{-tyA} and %{-ti-tas} ind. in succession) RPra1t.
    (ifc.) the being a part of (%{ajbhakteH}, `" on the part of the vowels "'), belonging to Siddh. &c.
    that which belongs to or is contained in anything else, an attribute Nir. Pra1t.
    predisposition (of body to any disease) Car.
    attachment, devotion, fondness for, devotion to (with loc., gen. or ifc.), trust, homage, worship, piety, faith or love or devotion (as a religious principle or means of salvation, together with %{karman}, `" works "', and %{jJAna}, `" spiritual knowledge "'
    cf. IW. 326 RTL. 97) S3vetUp. Bhag. Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    (ifc.) assumption of the form of Megh. 61
    often w.r. for %{bhaGgi} or %{bhukti}
    (%{-tyA}) ind. not in the regular sense, figuratively S3am2k.
  16. भक्तिमत् (bhaktimat) (bhaktimat)
    mfn. = %{-bhAj} MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    accompanied by devotion or loyalty BhP.
  17. भक्ष (bhakṣa) (bhakṣa)
    m. drinking or eating, drink or (in later language) food RV. &c. &c. (often ifc., with f. %{A}, having anything for food or beverage, eating, drinking, living upon)
    %{-kAra} m. `" food-maker "', a cook, baker
    %{-M-kAra4} mfn. furnishing food MaitrS. (cf. Pa1n2. 6-3, 72 Va1rtt. 2 Pat.)
    %{-MkRta} (%{-kSa4M-}) mfn. drunk or eaten, enjoyed TS. A1s3vS3r.
    %{-japa} m. the prayer muttered while drinking Soma A1s3vS3r.
    %{-pattrI} f. betel-pepper (the leaf of which serves for food)
    %{-bIja} w.r. for %{bhakSya-b-}
    %{-mantra} m. a verse spoken while drinking Soma S3a1n3khS3r.
  18. भक्षण (bhakṣaṇa) (bhakṣaṇa)
    mfn. eating, one who eats (cf. %{dADima-}, %{pApa-bh-})
    n. the act of eating, drinking, feeding S3rS. Nir. MBh. &c.
    eating what excites thirst
    chewing
    the being eaten by (instr.) Mn. R.
    (%{bha4-}) a drinking vessel RV.
  19. भक्षणीय (bhakṣaṇīya) (bhakṣaṇīya)
    mfn. to be (or being) eaten Pan5cat.
    %{-tA} f. eatableness S3a1rn3gP.
  20. भक्षिन् (bhakṣin) (bhakṣin)
    mfn. (mostly ifc.
    %{-Si-tva} n.) eating, devouring MBh. Hariv. R.
  21. भक्षित (bhakṣita) (bhakṣita)
    mfn. eaten or drunk, chewed, masticated, devoured, enjoyed, partaken of S3Br. &c. &c.
    eaten (said of a partic. bad pronunciation of words)
    n. the being eaten by (instr.) R.
    %{-zeSa} m. remnants of food, leavings MW.
    %{-SA7hAra} m. a meal of leavings ib.
  22. भक्ष्य (bhakṣya) (bhakṣya)
    mfn. to be eaten, eatable, fit for food Mn. MBh. &c.
    n. anything eaten, food (esp. such as requires mastication) ib.
    m. food, dish ib., (prob. w.r. for %{bhakSa})
    %{-kAra}, %{kAraka} and %{-M-kAra} m. a baker
    %{-bija} m. Buchanania Latifolia
    %{-bhakSaka} m. du. food and the eater Hit.
    %{-bhojya-maya} mf(%{I})n. consisting of food of all kinds MBh.
    %{-bhojya-vihAra-vat} mfn. furnished with various kinds of food and places of refection ib.
    %{-mAlyA7paNa} m. a market where victuals and garlands are sold ib.
    %{-vastu} n. edible matter, victuals, viands MW.
    %{-kSyA7bhakSya} n. what may and may not be eaten, food allowed and prohibited Mn. v, 26
    %{-kSyA7lAbu} f. a variety of cucumber (= %{rAjA7lAbu})
  23. भग (bhaga) (bhaga)
    see p. 743, col. 2. m. (ifc. f. %{A} and %{I} g. %{bahv-Adi}) `" dispenser "', gracious lord, patron (applied to gods, esp. to Savitr2i)
    N. of an A1ditya (bestowing wealth and presiding over love and marriage, brother of the Dawn, regent of the Nakshatra Uttara-Phalguni1
    Ya1ska enumerates him among the divinities of the highest sphere
    according to a later legend his eyes were destroyed by Rudra) ib. &c. &c. [743,3]
    the Nakshatra UUttara-PhPhalguni1 MBh. vi, 81
    the sun ib. iii, 146
    the moon
    N. of a Rudra MBh.
    good fortune, happiness, welfare, prosperityBr. Ya1jn5. BhP.
    (ifc. f. %{A}) dignity, majesty, distinction, excellence, beauty, lovelinessBr. Gr2S. BhP.
    (also n. L.) love, affection, sexual passion, amorous pleasure, dallianceBr. Ka1tyS3r. BhP.
    (n.
    ifc. f. %{A}) the female organs, pudendum muliebre, vulva Mn. MBh. &c.
    (%{A}) f. in %{bhagA-nAmnI} below
    n. a partic. Muhu1rta Cat.
    the perinaeum of males
    m. n. = %{yatna}, %{prayatna}, %{kIrti}, %{yazas}, %{vairAgya}, %{icchA}, %{jJAna}, %{mukti}, %{mokSa}, %{dharma}, s3ri1[Cf. Zd. {bagha} = Old Pers. {baga}
    Gk. $
    &226046[743,3] Slav. {bogu8}, %{bogatu8}
    Lith. {bago4tas}, {na-ba4gas}.],
  24. भगवत् (bhagavat) (bhagavat)
    &c. see p. 743, col. 3. 2 mfn. (for 1. see under %{bha4ga}) possessing fortune, fortunate, prosperous, happyGr2S. BhP.
    glorious, illustrious, divine, adorable, venerable AV. &c. &c.
    holy (applied to gods, demigods, and saints ae a term of address, either in voc. %{bhagavan}, %{bhagavas}, %{bhagos} [cf. Pa1n2. 8-3, 1 Va1rtt. 2 Pat., and viii, 3, 17] f. %{bhagavatI} m. pl. %{bhagavantaH}
    or in nom. with 3. sg. of the verb
    with Buddhists often prefixed to the titles of their sacred writings)
    m. `" the divine or adorable one "'N. of Vishn2u-Kr2ishn2a Bhag. BhP.
    of S3iva Katha1s.
    of a Buddha or a Bodhi-sattva or a Jina Buddh. (cf. MWB. 23)
    (%{I}) f. see below.
  25. भगवद्गीता (bhagavadgītā) (bhagavadgītā)
    f. pl. (sometimes with %{upaniSad}
    once %{-ta} n. BhP.) `" Kr2ishn2a's song "'N. of a celebrated mystical poem (interpolated in the MBh. where it forms an episode of 18 chapters from vi, 830-1532, containing a dialogue between Kr2ishn2a and Arjuna, in which the Pantheism of the Veda7nta is combined with a tinge of the Sa1m2khya and the later principle of %{bhakti} or devotion to Kr2ishn2a as the Supreme Being
    cf. IW. 122 &c.)
    %{-gUDhA7rthadIpikA} f. %{-tIkA} f. %{-tatparya} n. (%{-rya-candrikA} f. %{-rya-dIpikA} f. %{-rya-nirNaya} m. %{-rya-bodhikA} f. %{-rya-bodhinI} f.), %{-pratipada} n. %{-prasthAna} n. %{-bodhaka} n. %{-bhAva-prakAza} m. %{-bhASya} n. (and %{-Sya-vivaraNa} n.), %{-mAhAtmya} n. %{-rahasya} n. %{--rtha} (%{-tA7r-}) %{-saMgraha} m. (%{-ha-rakSA} f.), %{--rtha-sAra} m. %{-rtha-stotra} n. %{-lakSA7bharaNa} n. %{-laghu-vyAkhyA} f. %{-vivaraNa} n. %{-vyAkhyA} f. %{--zaya} (%{-tA7z-}) m. %{-samaGgalA7cAra-zloka-paddhati} f. %{-sAra} m. %{-sA7ra-saMgraha} m. %{-hetunirNaya} m. N. of wks.
  26. भगाल (bhagāla) (bhagāla)
    n. = %{kapAla}, a skull Pa1rGr2. (cf. Un2. iii, 76 Sch.)
  27. भगास्य (bhagāsya) (bhagāsya)
    mfn. whose mouth is used as a vulva Vishn2.
  28. भगिन् (bhagin) (bhagin)
    %{bhagIratha} see p. 744. mfn. prosperous, happy, fortunate, perfect, splendid, glorious AV. S3Br. (superl. %{-gi4-tama}) TBr. S3rS.
    m. N. of Sch. on Amara-kos3a (abridged fr. %{bhagI-ratha} q.v.)
    (%{inI}) f. see below.
  29. भगिनिका (bhaginikā) (bhaginikā)
    f. a little sister, Ka1thas. (cf. next).
  30. भगिनीपति (bhaginīpati) (bhaginīpati)
    (Katha1s.),
  31. भगीरथ (bhagīratha) (bhagīratha)
    m. (prob. fr. %{bhagin} + %{ratha}, `" having a glorious chariot "')N. of an ancient king (son of Dili1pa and great-grandfather of Sagara, king of Ayodhya1 [744,2]
    he brought down the sacred Gan3ga1 from heaven to earth and then conducted this river to the ocean in order to purify the ashes of his ancestoes, the 60,000 sons of Sagara
    cf. IW. 322) MBh. R. Pur. &c.
    N. of sev. authors (also with %{Thakkura} and %{megha}
    cf. %{bhagin}) Cat.
    of an architect of recent date Inscr.
    of a mountain S3atr.
  32. भग्न (bhagna) (bhagna)
    &c. see under %{bhaJj}. mfn. broken (lit. and fig.), shattered, split, torn, defeated, checked, frustrated, disturbed, disappointed Mn. MBh. &c. (sometimes forming the first instead of the second part of a comp. e.g. %{grIvA-bhagna}, %{dharma-bh-} for %{bhagna-grIva}, %{-dharma}
    also `" one who has broken a limb "' BhP.)
    bent, curved R.
    lost Mn. viii, 148
    n. the fracture of a leg Sus3r.
  33. भङ्ग (bhaṅga) (bhaṅga)
    &c. see p. 744, col. 3. mfn. breaking, bursting (said of the Soma) RV. ix, 61, 13
    m. breaking, splitting, dividing, shattering, breaking down or up VS. &c. &c.
    a break or breach (lit. and fig.), disturbance, interruption, frustration, humiliation, abatement, downfall, decay, ruin, destruction Mn. MBh. &c.
    fracture (see %{asthi-bh-})
    paralysis, palsy
    bending, bowing, stretching out (see %{karNa-}, %{gAtra-}, %{-grIvA-bh-})
    knitting, contraction (see %{bhrU-bh-})
    separation, analysis (of words) Sa1h.
    overthrow, rout, defeat (also in a lawsuit) Hit. Ka1m. Ya1jn5. Sch.
    rejection, refusal Ka1lid.
    refutation Sarvad.
    panic, fear Ra1jat.
    pain (see %{pArzva-bh-})
    a piece broken off, morsel, fragment Ka1lid. Ka1d.
    a bend, fold, Sah. (cf. %{vastra-bh-})
    a wave Ragh. Gi1t. [cf. Lith. {banga4}]
    a water-course, channel
    fraud, deceit
    a tortuous course, roundabout way of speaking (= or w.r. for %{bhaGgi}) Sarvad.
    toilet, fashion (for %{bhaGgi}?) Var.
    = %{gamana}
    N. of a serpent-demon MBh.
    (with Buddhists) the constant decay taking place in the universe, constant flux or change
    (with Jainas) a dialectical formula beginning with %{syAt} q.v.
    (%{bhaGga4}) m. hemp AV.
    (%{A}) f. see below.
  34. भङ्गुर (bhaṅgura) (bhaṅgura)
    mf(%{A})n. apt to break, fragile, transitory, perishable Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    changeable, variable Katha1s. Ra1jat.
    bent, curled, crisped, wrinkled Ka1v. Katha1s.
    fraudulent, dishonest W.
    m. a bend or reach of a river
    (%{A}) f. N. of two Plants (= %{ati-viSA} or %{priyaGgu}) L.
  35. भजक (bhajaka) (bhajaka)
    m. a distributer, apportioner (see %{civara-bh-})
    a worshipper MW.
  36. भजन (bhajana) (bhajana)
    m. N. of a prince VP.
    n. the act of sharing W.
    possession ib.
    (ifc.) reverence, worship, adoration Prab. Sch. (also %{-tA} f. with loc. Ca1n2.)
    %{-vArika} m. a partic. official in a Buddhist monastery
    %{-nA7nanda} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-nA7mRta} n. N. of wk.
  37. भञ्जक (bhañjaka) (bhañjaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. who or what breaks or divides or destroys W.
    m. a breaker (of doors) Kull.
    (%{ikA}) f. breaking, plucking (ifc. after the names of plants to denote partic. games
    cf. %{uddA7laka-puSpa-bh-} and %{zAla-bhaJjikA})
    Rubia Munjista L.
  38. भट (bhaṭa) (bhaṭa)
    m. (fr. %{bhRta}) a mercenary, hired soldier, warrior, combatant MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a servant, slave Ka1vya7d. VP.
    a humpback Gal.
    N. of a serpent-demon Buddh.
    = %{arya-bhaTa} (cf. below)
    pl. N. of a degraded tribe(cf. %{bhaTTa}, %{bhaDa}, %{bhaNDa}
    according to some `" a person whose father is a Bra1hman and whose mother is a Nat2i1 "')
    (%{A}) f. coloquintida.
  39. भट्ट (bhaṭṭa) (bhaṭṭa)
    m. (fr. %{bhartR}) lord, my lord (also pl. and %{-pAda} m. pl.
    according to Das3ar. ii, 64, a title of respect used by humble persons addressing a prince
    but also affixed or prefixed to the names of learned Bra1hmans, e.g. %{kedAra-}, %{govinda-bh-} &c., or %{bhaTTa-kedAra} &c., below, the proper name being sometimes omitted e.g. %{bhaTTa} = %{kumArila-bh-}
    also any learned man = doctor or philosopher) Ra1jat. Vet. &c.
    N. of a partic. mixed caste of hereditary panegyrists, a bard, encomiast
    an enemy (?) W.
    often w.r. for %{bhaTa}
    (%{A}) f. N. of an enchantress Ra1jat.
    mf(%{A})n. venerable L.
  40. भट्टोजि (bhaṭṭoji) (bhaṭṭoji)
    m. N. of a grammarian (son of Lakshmi1-dhara, author of the Siddha7nta-kaumudi1 and other wks.)
  41. भणित (bhaṇita) (bhaṇita)
    mfn. uttered, spoken, said, related Pan5cat. Vet. Gi1t.
    n. (also pl.) speech, talk, relation, description Vet. Gi1t.
  42. भद्र (bhadra) (bhadra)
    mf(%{A4})n. blessed, auspicious, fortunate, prosperous, happy RV. &c. &c.
    good, gracious, friendly, kind ib.
    excellent, fair, beautiful, lovely, pleasant, dear ib.
    good i.e. skilful in (loc.) MBh. iv, 305
    great
    (with %{nRpati} m. a good or gracious king Ya1jn5.
    with %{kAnta} m. a beautiful lover or husband Pan5cat.
    with %{diz} f. the auspicious quarter i.e. the south MBh.
    with %{vAc} f. kind or friendly speech BhP.
    voc. m. and f. sg. and pl. %{bhadra}, %{-dre}, %{-drAH}, often in familiar address = my good sir or lady, my dear or my dears, good people Mn. MBh. &c.
    %{a4m} and %{a4yA} ind, happily, fortunately, joyfully
    %{-am} with %{kR} or %{A-car}, to do well Hit.)
    m. (prob.) a sanctimonious hypocrite Mn. ix, 259 (v.l. %{-dra-pre7kSaNikaiH})
    a partic. kind of elephant R. (also N. of a world elephant ib.) a bullock
    a water wagtail Var. (cf. %{-nAman})
    Nauclea Cadamba or Tithymalus Antiquorum
    N. of S3iva
    of mount Meru
    of a class of gods (pl.) under the third Manu BhP.
    of a people (pl.) AV.Paris3.
    of one of the 12 sons of Vishn2u and one of the Tushita deities in the Sva1yambhava Manv-antara BhP.
    (with Jainas) of the third of the 9 white Balas
    of a son of Vasu-deva and Devaki1 (or Pauravi1) BhP. Katha1s.
    of a son of Kr2ishn2a BhP.
    of a son of Upaca1rumat Buddh.
    of an actor Hariv.
    of a friend of Ba1n2a Va1s., Introd.
    (with Buddhists) N. of a partic. world
    (%{A}) f. a cow
    N. of various plants (= %{anantA}, %{aparijAtA}, %{kRSNA}, %{jIvantI}, %{nIlI}, %{rAsnA} &c.)[746,1]
    N. of a metre Col.
    of the 2nd, 7th and 12th days of the lunar fortnight W.
    of the 7th movable Karan2a (s.v.
    cf. also 2. %{bhadrA-karaNa})
    of a form of Durga1 VP.
    of a goddess Pan5car.
    of a Buddhist deity
    of a S3akti Hcat.
    of Da1ksha1yan2i1 in Bhadre7s3vara Cat.
    of a Vidya1-dhari1 R.
    of a Sura7n3gana1 Sin6ha7s.
    of a daughter of Surabhi R.
    of a wife of Vasu-devi Hariv. Pur.
    of the wife of Vais3ravan2a MBh.
    of a daughter of Soma and wife of Utathya ib.
    of a daughter of Raudra1s3va and the Apsaras Ghr2ita1ci1 Hariv.
    of a Ka1kshi1vati1 and wife of Vyushita7s3va MBh.
    of a daughter of Meru and wife of Bhadra7s3va BhP.
    of a daughter of S3ruta-ki1rti and wife of Kr2ishn2a BhP.
    of various rivers (esp. of one described as rising on the northern summit of Meru and flowing through Uttarakuru into the northern ocean) Pur.
    the celestial Ganges
    of a lake Hcat.
    n. prosperity, happiness, health, welfare, good fortune (also pl.) RV. &c. &c. (%{bhadraM@tasya} or %{tasmai}, prosperity to him! Pa1n2. 2-3, 73
    %{bhadraM@te} or %{vaH} often used parenthetically in a sentence = `" if you please "', or to fill up a verse
    %{bhadram@upalAh}, happiness to you, O stones! S3a1ntis3.
    %{bhadram} with %{kR} and dat., to grant welfare to, bless RV.)
    gold
    iron or steel
    kind of Cyperus (= %{-musta})
    a partic. posture in sitting Cat.
    a partic. Karan2a(cf. f.)
    a partic. mystic sign AgP.
    a partic. part of a house Nalac.
    N. of various Sa1mans A1rshBr.
  43. भद्रकाली (bhadrakālī) (bhadrakālī)
    f. N. of a goddess (later a form of Durga1) S3a1n3khGr2. Mn. MBh. &c.
    of one of the Ma1tr2is attending on Skanda MBh.
    of a village on the right bank of the Ganges
    of a plant (= %{gandholI})
    %{-kavaca} n. N. of ch. of BrahmaP. iii
    %{-cintAmaNi}, m.
    %{-purANa} n. N. of wks.
    %{-pUjA-yantra} n. N. of a mystical diagram Cat.
    %{-pUjA-vidhi} m. %{-manu} m. %{-mantra} m. pl. %{-mAhAtmya}, n. N. of wks. or chs. of wks.
  44. भद्रमुख (bhadramukha) (bhadramukha)
    mfn. one whose face (or whose look) confers prosperity Ka1lid. Das3. Ka1d. &c. (only used in the voc. or in the nom. with the meaning of a 2nd pers. = `" good or gentle sir "' pl. `" good people "'
    accord. to Sa1h. a prince is so to be addressed by the inferior characters in plays
    in the DivyA7v. it is a term of address to inferior persons).
  45. भय (bhaya) (bhaya)
    n. ( %{bhI}) fear, alarm dread apprehension
    fear of (abl. gen. or comp.) or for (comp.) RV. &c. &c. (%{bhayAt} ind. `" from fear "'
    %{bhayaM-kR} with abl. `" to have fear of "'
    %{bhayaM-dA}, `" to cause fear, terrify "')
    sg. and pl. terror, dismay, danger, peril, distress
    danger from (abl. or comp.) or to, (comp.) ib.
    the blossom of Trapa Bispinosa
    m. sickness, disease
    Fear personifled (as a Vasu, a son of Nir-r2iti or Ni-kr2iti, a prince of the Yavanas and husband of the daughter of Time) Pur. (also n.
    and %{A} f. as a daughter of Ka1la or Vaivasvata, and wife of the Ra1kshasa Heti).
  46. भा (bhā) (bhā)
    1 cl. 2. P. (Dha1tup. xxiv, 43) %{bhA4ti} (pr. p. %{bhAt} f. %{bhAntI} or %{bhAtI} Vop.
    Pot. %{bhAyAt} TBr.
    pl. %{babhau} Mn. MBh. &c.
    aor. %{abhAsIt} Gr. Bhat2t2.
    fut. %{bhAsya4ti} Br. &c.), to shine, be bright or luminous RV. &c. &c.
    to shine forth, appear, show one's self ib.
    to be splendid or beautiful or eminent MBh. Ka1v. &c. (with %{na}, to cut a poor figure Katha1s.)
    to appear as, seem, look like, pass for (nom. with or without %{iva} adv. in %{vat}) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to be, exist W.
    to show, exhibit, manifest Bhat2t2. (v.l.): Pass. %{bhAyate}, impers, radiance is put forth by (instr.) Bhat2t2.: Caus. %{bhApayate}
    aor. %{abIbhapat} Gr.: Desid. %{bibhAsati} ib.: Intens. %{bAbhAyate}, %{bAbheti}, %{bAbhAti} ib. [Cf. %{bhan}, %{bhAS}, %{bhAs}
    Gk. $ Lat. {fa1ri} &c.
    Germ. {Bann}
    Eng. &228178[750,3] {ban}.]
  47. भयानक (bhayānaka) (bhayānaka)
    mf(%{A})n. (prob. fr. %{bhayAna} for %{bhayamAna}) fearful, terrible, dreadful, formidable MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    n. terror (?) W.
    m. the sentiment of, terror (as one of the 9 Rasas in poetical or dramatic composition) Sa1h. Prata1p. &c.
    a tiger
    Ra1hu or the ascending node personified L.
  48. भय्य (bhayya) (bhayya)
    mfn. to be feared Pa1n2. 6-1, 83
    n. (impers.) one should be afraid of (abl.) Pan5cavBr.
  49. भर (bhara) (bhara)
    mf(%{A})n. ( %{bhR}) bearing, carrying, bringing
    bestowing, granting
    maintaining, supporting (mostly ifc.
    cf. %{Rtam-}, %{kulam-}, %{deham-}, %{vAjam-bh-} and c.)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) the act of bearing or carrying &c.
    carrying away or what is carried away, gain, prize, booty
    war, battle, contest ib.
    a burden, load, weight (also a partic. measure of weight = %{bhAra} q.v. L.) Hariv. Ka1v. &c. (acc. with %{kR}, to place one's weight, support one's self Hit.)
    a large quantity, great number, mass, bulk, multitude, abundance, excess Ka1v. Katha1s. &c. (%{bhareNa} and %{-rAt} ind. in full measure, with all one's might Ka1d.)
    raising the voice, shout or song of praise RV.
    n. du. (with %{indrasya}, or %{vasiSThasya}) N. of 2 Sa1mans A1rshBr.
  50. भरण (bharaṇa) (bharaṇa)
    mf(%{I})n. bearing, maintaining
    m. N. of a Nakshatra (= %{bharaNI})
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. the act of bearing (also in the womb) carrying, bringing, procuring RV. &c. &c.
    wearing, putting on Gi1t.
    maintaining, supporting, nourishing MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    wages, hire MBh.
  51. भरत् (bharat) (bharat)
    mfn. bearing, carrying &c. RV. &c. &c.
    m. pl. N. of the military caste Ta1n2d2Br.
  52. भरत (bharata) (bharata)
    m. `" to be or being maintained "'N. of Agni (kept alive by the care of men) RV. Br. Kaus3.
    of a partic. Agni (father of Bharata and Bharati1) MBh.
    a priest (= %{Rtvij}) Naigh. iii, 18
    an actor, dancer, tumbler Ya1jn5. Ma1lati1m. Prab.
    a weaver
    a hireling, mercenary
    a barbarian, mountaineer (= %{zabara})
    the fire in which the rice for Bra1hmans is boiled
    N. of Rudra (the Maruts are called his sons) RV. ii, 36, 8
    of an A1ditya Nir. viii, 13
    of a son of Agni Bharata MBh.
    of a celebrated hero and monarch of India (son of Dushyanta and S3akuntala1, the first of 12 Cakra-vartins or Sa1rvabhaumas i.e. universal emperors) RV. Br. MBh. &c. [747,3]
    of a son of Dhruvasam2dhi and father of Asita R.
    of a son of Das3aratha and Kaikeyi1 (and younger brother of Ra1ma, to whom he was very much devoted) MBh. R. &c.
    of a son of R2ishabha, Bur.
    of a son of Vi1tihotra VP.
    of a Manu (who gave the name to the country Bha1rata) ib.
    of a son of Manu Bhautya Ma1rkP.
    of a king of As3maka Va1s., Introd.
    of various teachers and authors (esp. of an ancient Muni supposed author of a manual of the dramatic art called Na1t2ya-s3a1stra or Bharata-s3a1stra)
    = Jad2abharata (q.v.) A.
    = Bharata-malli1ka (below)
    pl. `" the descendants of Bharata "'N. of a tribe RV. &c. &c.
    (%{A}) f. N. of an Apsaras VP.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a daughter of Agni Bharata MBh.
    of a river VP.
    n. pl. N. of a partic. Varsha L.
  53. भरद्वाज (bharadvāja) (bharadvāja)
    (%{bhara4d-}) m. `" bearing "' speed or strength (of flight) "', a skylark R.
    N. of a R2ishi (with the patr. Ba1rhaspatya, supposed author of RV. vi, 1-30
    37-43
    53-74
    ix, 67. 1-3
    x, 137, 1, and Purohita of Diva-da1sa, with whom he is perhaps identical
    BhBharad is also considered as one of the 7 sages and the author of a law-book) RV. &c. &c. (%{-jasya@a-dAra-sRt} and %{a-dAra-sRtau}, %{arkau}, %{upahavau}, %{gAdham}, %{nakAni}, %{prizninI}, %{prAsAham}, %{bRhat}, %{maukSe}, %{yajJA7yajJIyam}, %{lomanI}, %{vAja-karmIyam}, %{vAja-bhRt}, %{viSamANi}, %{vratam}, %{sundhyuH} and %{saindhukSitAni}N. of Sa1mans ArshBr.)
    of an Arhat Buddh.
    of a district Pa1n2. 4-2, 145
    of an Agni MBh.
    of various authors Cat.
    pl. the race or family of Bharad-va1ja RV.
    %{-gArga-pariNaya-pratiSedha-vAdA7rtha} m. N. of wk.
    %{-dhanvantari} m. N. of a divine being S3a1n3khGr2.
    %{-pravraska} n. N. of AV. ii, 12
    %{-prAdur-bhAva} m. N. of ch. of Bhpr.
    %{-zikSA} f. %{-saMhitA} f. %{-sUtra} n. %{-smRti} f. N. of wks.
  54. भरु (bharu) (bharu)
    m. a lord, master Un2. i, 7 Sch.
    a husband Gal.
    N. of Vishn2u or S3iva (du. VVishn2u and S3S3iva) Ka1d.
    gold
    the sea
  55. भरुक (bharuka) (bharuka)
    m. N. of a prince BhP. (v.l. %{kuruka}, or %{ruruka}).
  56. भर्ग (bharga) (bharga)
    m. ( %{bhRj}) radiance, splendour, effulgence S3Br. S3a1n3khS3r.
    N. of Rudra-S3iva Katha1s. Prab. (as N. of the number 11 Gan2it.)
    of Brahma1
    of a man with the patr. Pra1ga1tha (author of RV. viii, 49
    50) Anukr.
    of a king, the son of Ven2u-hotra Hariv.
    of a son of Vi1tihotra BhP.
    of a son of Vahni ib.
    (pl.) N. of a people MBh.
    n. N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
  57. भर्तृ (bhartṛ) (bhartṛ)
    m. (once in S3Br. %{bha4rtR}) a bearer [cf. Lat. {fertor}], one who bears or carries or maintains (with gen. or ifc.) RV. S3Br. MBh.
    a preserver, protector, maintainer, chief, lord, master RV. &c. &c. (%{trI4} f. a female supporter or nourisher, a mother AV. Kaus3. TBr.)
    (%{bha4rtR}) m. a husband RV. v, 58, 7 Mn. MBh. &c.
  58. भर्तृमती (bhartṛmatī) (bhartṛmatī)
    f. possessing a hhusband, a married woman S3ak.
  59. भर्त्सित (bhartsita) (bhartsita)
    mfn. threatened, menaced Ka1v. Pan5c.
    n. = prec. Das3.
  60. भल्ल (bhalla) (bhalla)
    mfn. auspicious, favourable (= %{bhadra} or %{ziva})
    m. a bear Hit. (cf. %{accha-bhalla}, %{bhalluka}, %{bhallUka})
    a term used in addressing the Sun (only dat.
    cf. 2. %{bhala}) MantraBr. Gobh.
    (pl.) N. of a people Pa1n2. 5-3, 114. Sch. (v.l. %{malla})
    N. of S3iva (cf. above)
    a kind of arrow or missile with a point of a partic. shape MBh. Ka1v. &c. (also %{I} f. and n.)
    a partic. part of an arrow MBh.
    (%{I}) f. Semecarpus Anacardium Bhpr.
    n. an arrow-head of a partic. shape S3a1rn3gP.
  61. भल्लूक (bhallūka) (bhallūka)
    m. id. MBh. BhP.
    a dog
    a kind of shell Sus3r.
    a partic. plant Sus3r. (a species of S3yona1ka or Bignonia Indica L.)
  62. भव (bhava) (bhava)
    m. ( %{bhU}) coming info existence, birth, production, origin (= %{bhAva} Vop.
    ifc., with f. %{A} = arising or produced from, being in, relating to) Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    becoming, turning into (comp.) Ka1t2h.
    being, state of being, existence, life (= %{sat-tA} L.) S3a1rn3gP. (cf. %{bhavA7ntara})
    worldly existence, the world (= %{saMsAra} L.) Ka1v. Pur. [749,1]
    (with Buddhists) continuity of becoming (a link in the twelvefold chain of causation) Dharmas. 42 (MWB. 102)
    well-being, prosperity, welfare, excellence (= %{zreyas} L.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    obtaining, acquisition (= %{Apti}, %{prA7pti})
    a god, deity. W.
    N. of Agni S3Br.
    of a deity attending on Rudra and frequently connected with S3arva (later N. of S3iva or a form of S3iva
    or N. of a Rudra, and as such of the number 11 or of the 11th lunar mansion Gol. Var. Sch.
    du. %{bhavau} = Bhava i.e. S3iva and his wife Bhava1ni1 BhP.
    cf. Va1m. v, 2, 1) AV. &c. &c.
    of the 1st and 4th Kalpa Cat.
    of a Sa1dhya VP.
    of a king MBh.
    of a son of Pratihartr2i VP.
    of Viloman ib.
    of a rich man Buddh.
    of an author Cat.
    n. the fruit of Dillenia Speciosa
    = %{bhavya}, %{bhaviSya}, %{bhAvana} L.
  63. भवत् (bhavat) (bhavat)
    mf(%{antI})n. being, present RV. &c. &c.
    m.f, (nom. %{bha4vAn}, %{-vatI}
    voc. %{bhavan} or %{bhos} q.v.
    f. %{-vati}
    cf. Mn. ii, 49) your honour, your worship, your lordship or ladyship, you (lit. `" the gentleman or lady present "'
    cf. %{atra-} and %{tatra-bh-}
    used respectfully for the 2nd pers. pron., but properly with the 3rd and only exceptionally with the 2nd pers. of the verb e.g. %{bhavAn@dadAtu}, `" let your highness give "'
    sometimes in pl. to express greater courtesy e.g. %{bhavantaH@pramANam}, `" your honour is an authority "') S3Br. &c.
    (%{antI}) f. the present tense Pat.
    (%{atI}) f. a partic.kind of poisoned arrow L.
  64. भवत् (bhavat) (bhavat)
    mf(%{antI})n. being, present RV. &c. &c.
    m.f, (nom. %{bha4vAn}, %{-vatI}
    voc. %{bhavan} or %{bhos} q.v.
    f. %{-vati}
    cf. Mn. ii, 49) your honour, your worship, your lordship or ladyship, you (lit. `" the gentleman or lady present "'
    cf. %{atra-} and %{tatra-bh-}
    used respectfully for the 2nd pers. pron., but properly with the 3rd and only exceptionally with the 2nd pers. of the verb e.g. %{bhavAn@dadAtu}, `" let your highness give "'
    sometimes in pl. to express greater courtesy e.g. %{bhavantaH@pramANam}, `" your honour is an authority "') S3Br. &c.
    (%{antI}) f. the present tense Pat.
    (%{atI}) f. a partic.kind of poisoned arrow L.
  65. भवदीय (bhavadīya) (bhavadīya)
    mfn. your honour's, your MBh. BhP. Pan5cat.
  66. भवन (bhavana) (bhavana)
    n. (m. g. %{ardharcA7di}) a place of abode, mansion, home, house, palace, dwelling (ifc. f. %{A}) Mn. Mbh. &c.
    horoscope, natal star (see %{bhavane7za})
    m. N. of a R2ishi in the 2nd Manvantara VP.
    a dog
    n. coming into existence, birth, production Kap. Sch. Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 1-4, 31
    a site, receptacle (ifc.) Pan5cat.
    the place where anything grows (ifc.= field cf. %{zAli-bh-})
    = %{bhuvana}, water L.
  67. भवनीय (bhavanīya) (bhavanīya)
    mfn. to be about to become or be or happen (%{yuSmAbhir@etad@bhavanIyaM@ca@nA7nyathA}, `" and you must not let this be otherwise "') Katha1s.
    n. (impers.) it is to be about to become
    (with instr.) one should be Vop.
  68. भवानी (bhavānī) (bhavānī)
    f. (fr. %{bhava}
    cf. %{iGdrANI}, %{rudraNI}, %{zarvANI} and Pa1n2. 4-1, 49) N. of a goddess identified in later times with Pa1rvati1 (she is the wife of Siva in her pacific and amiable form
    cf. RTL. 79) Gr2S3rS. Hariv. &c.
    of various women Cat.
    of a river L.
  69. भवितृ (bhavitṛ) (bhavitṛ)
    mf(%{trI})n. becoming, being (cf. %{tiro-bh-})
    what is or ought to become or be, future, imminent (%{-tA4}, also used as future tense with or without %{as} S3Br.
    with %{bhUta} and %{bhavyam} MBh. vii, 9468) Br. &c. &c.
    being or faring well
  70. भवितव्य (bhavitavya) (bhavitavya)
    mfn. = %{bhavanIya}
    n. = %{-vya-tA}
    impers. also with two instr. e.g. %{mayA@tavA7nucareNa@bhavitavyam}, `" I must become thy companion "' MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  71. भवितव्यता (bhavitavyatā) (bhavitavyatā)
    f. the bring about to be, inevitable consequence, necessity, fate, destiny Ka1v. Katha1s.
  72. भविष्य (bhaviṣya) (bhaviṣya)
    mfn. to be about to become or come to pass, future, imminent, impending MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    n. the future Hariv. Pur.
    = %{-purANa} (below).
  73. भविष्यत् (bhaviṣyat) (bhaviṣyat)
    mfn. about to become or be, future AV. &c. &c.
    (%{antI}) f. the first future tense Pa1n2. 3-3, 55 Va1rtt. 1
    n. the future, ffuture time AV. &c. &c.
    the future tense AitBr.
    water
    the fruit of Dillenia Indica L.
  74. भव्य (bhavya) (bhavya)
    mfn. being, existing, present RV. &c. &c.
    to be about to be or become, future (= %{bhAvin}) Ma1rkP. Pan5car. (also for the future tense of %{bhU} MBh. iv, 928 v.l. %{bhAvya})
    likely to be, on the point of becoming (see %{dhenu-} and %{dhenumbhavyA})
    what ought to be, suitable, fit, proper, right, good, excellent Ka1v. Pur. Katha1s.
    handsome, beautiful, pleasant MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    gracious, favourable (= %{prasanna}) R.
    auspicious, fortunate Ragh. BhP.
    righteous, pious Vcar.
    true
    m. Averrhoa Carambola MBh. &c.
    N. of a R2ishi in the 9th Manv-antara VP.
    of a son of Dhruva (the polar star) Hariv.
    of a son of Priyavrata Pur.
    of a teacher Buddh.
    of a poet Cat.
    (pl.) a partic. class of gods under Manu Ca1kshusha Pur.
    (%{A}) f. N. of Uma1 (Pa1rvati1)
    Piper Chaba (prob. w.r. for %{cavyA})
    n. that which is or exists (= %{yad@bhavati}) RV. &c. &c.
    being, existing, the being present AV. &c. &c.
    future time (see %{bhavad-bhUta-bhavya})
    fruit, result, reward, (esp.) good result, prosperity Ragh. Dhu1rtan.
    a bone
    the fruit of Averrhoa Carambola or of Dillenia Indica
    m. or n. one division of the poetical Rasas or sentiments W.
  75. भसित (bhasita) (bhasita)
    mfn. reduced to ashes BhP.
    n. ashes Bha1m.
  76. भस्मन् (bhasman) (bhasman)
    mfn. chewing, devouring, consuming, pulverizing RV. v, 19, 5
    x, 115, 2
    n. (also pl.) `" what is pulverized a or calcined by fire "', ashes AV. &c. &c. (%{yuSmAbhir@bhasma@bhakSayitavyam}, `" you shall have ashes to eat "' i.e. `" you shall get nothing "' Hit.
    %{bhasmani-huta}. mfn. `" sacrificed in aashes "' i.e. `" useless "' Pa1n2. 2-1, 47 Sch.)
    sacred ashes (smeared on the body
    cf. %{bhasma-dhAraNa}).
  77. भास् (bhās) (bhās)
    1 cl. 1. A1. (Dha1tup. xvi, 23) / %{bhAsate} (in older language also P. %{bhA4sati} AV. &c.
    p. %{bhA4sat} RV.
    pf. %{babhAse} MBh.
    aor. %{abhAsiSTa} Gr.
    fut. %{bhAsiSyate}, %{bhAsitA} ib.), to shine, be bright RV. &c. &c.
    to appear (`" as "' or `" like "' nom. or instr. of an abstract noun), occur to the mind, be conceived or imagined become clear or evident Sa1h. Veda7ntas. &c.: Caus %{bhAsayati}, %{-te} (aor. %{ababhAsat} and %{abIbhasat} Pa1n2. 7-4, 3), to make shine, illuminate Up. MBh. &c. [756,1]
    to show, make evident, cause to appear (`" by way of. "' instr. of an abstract noun) Bhat2t2. Cat. Desid. %{bibhAsiSate} Gr.: Intens. %{bAbhAsyate}, %{bAbhAsti} ib. (cf. %{bhA}, of which %{bhAs} is a secondary form).
  78. भाज् (bhāj) (bhāj)
    mfn. (mostly ifc.
    exceptionally with gen.) sharing or participating in, entitled to, possessing, enjoying, perceiving, feeling, sensible of. devoted to, intent upon Br. &c. &c.
    forming a part of, belonging to RPra1t.
    joined or connected with, liable to MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    occupying, inhabiting, frequenting, dwelling or living in or on Ka1v. Ma1rkP.
    going or resorting to, falling into, seeking Ragh. Kir.
    revering, worshipping Bhag. Ragh.
    what is due, duty, concern (= %{kartavya}) Bhat2t2.  %{bhAjana} see col. 1.
  79. भाग (bhāga) (bhāga)
    1 m. ( %{bhoj}) a part, portion, share, allotment, inheritance (in Ved. also = lot, esp. fortunate lot, good fortune, luck, destiny) RV. &c. &c.
    a part (as opp. to any whole
    %{bhAgam@bhAgam} with Caus. of %{klRp} or %{bhAgAn} with %{kR}, to divide in parts)
    a fraction (often with an ordinal number e.g. %{aSTamo@bhAgaH}, the eighth part, or in comp. with a cardinal e.g. %{zata-bh-}
    1/100
    %{azIti-bh-} = 1/80) Up. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a quarter (see %{eka-bh-}, %{tri-bh-})
    part i.e. place, spot, region, side (ifc. taking the place of, representing) La1t2y. MBh. &c. (in this sense also n.
    see %{bhUmi-bh-})
    part of anything given as interest W.
    a half rupee
    the numerator of a fraction Col.
    a quotient MW.
    a degree or 360th part of the circumference of a great circle Su1ryas.
    a division of time, the 30th part of a Ra1s3i or zodiacal sign W.
    N. of a king (also %{bhAgavata}) Pur.
    of a river (one of the branches of the Candra-bha1ga1)
    mfn. relating to Bhaga (as a hymn) Nir.
    n. N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
  80. भागवत (bhāgavata) (bhāgavata)
    see s.v.
  81. भागिनेय (bhāgineya) (bhāgineya)
    or m. (fr. %{bhaginI}) a sister's son Pa1rGr2. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (also in friendly address to any younger person DivyA7v.)
  82. भागीरथ (bhāgīratha) (bhāgīratha)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{bhagIr-}) relating to Bhagi1ratha
    (%{I}) f. N. of the Ganges (or of one of the 3 main streams or branches of it, viz. the great western branch
    cf. %{nava-dvIpa}) MBh. Ka1v. &c. see p. 751, col. 3.
  83. भाग्य (bhāgya) (bhāgya)
    1 mfn. (fr. %{bhaga}) relating to Bhaga
    n. (with %{yuga}) the 12th or last lustrum in Jupiter's cycle of 60 years VarBr2S.
    (scil. %{bha} or %{nakSatra}) the asterism of Bhaga i.e. Uttara-Phalguni1 ib. [752,1] 2 mfn. ( %{bhaj}) to be shared or divided, divisible (= %{bhajya}) Vop. 3 mfn. (fr. %{bhAga}) entitled to a share g. %{daNDA7di}
    (with %{zata}, %{viMzati} &c.) = %{bhAgika} Pa1n2. 5-1, 42 Sch.
    lucky, fortunate (compar. %{-tara}) MBh. R.
    n. sg. or pl. (ifc. f. %{A}) fate, destiny (resulting from merit or demerit in former existences), fortune, (esp.) good fortune, luck, happiness, welfare MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{ena} ind. luckily, fortunately Hit.)
    reward BhP.
  84. भाग्य (bhāgya) (bhāgya)
    1 mfn. (fr. %{bhaga}) relating to Bhaga
    n. (with %{yuga}) the 12th or last lustrum in Jupiter's cycle of 60 years VarBr2S.
    (scil. %{bha} or %{nakSatra}) the asterism of Bhaga i.e. Uttara-Phalguni1 ib. [752,1] 2 mfn. ( %{bhaj}) to be shared or divided, divisible (= %{bhajya}) Vop. 3 mfn. (fr. %{bhAga}) entitled to a share g. %{daNDA7di}
    (with %{zata}, %{viMzati} &c.) = %{bhAgika} Pa1n2. 5-1, 42 Sch.
    lucky, fortunate (compar. %{-tara}) MBh. R.
    n. sg. or pl. (ifc. f. %{A}) fate, destiny (resulting from merit or demerit in former existences), fortune, (esp.) good fortune, luck, happiness, welfare MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{ena} ind. luckily, fortunately Hit.)
    reward BhP.
  85. भाङ्गासुरि (bhāṅgāsuri) (bhāṅgāsuri)
    m. (fr. %{bhaGgA7sura}) patr. of R2itu-parn2a MBh.
  86. भाजन (bhājana) (bhājana)
    n. (fr. Caus.) sharing, division (in arithm.) Col.
    mf(%{A})n. (ifc.) sharing or participating in, entitled or relating or belonging to Br. &c. &c.
    n. `" partaker of "', a recipient, receptacle, (esp.) a vessel, pot, plate, cup, &c. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (with gen. or ifc. with f. %{A}), a place or person in which anything is collected or in whom any quality is conspicuous, any fit object or clever or deserving person ib. (cf. %{pAtra})
    the act of representing, representation (%{ena} ind. with gen. in the place of
    ifc. a representative, deputy, substitute, serving for, equivalent to) Br. Gr2S.
    a partic. measure (= an A1d2haka= 14 Palas) S3a1rn3gS.
    m. N. of a man
    pl. his descendants g. %{bidA7di}.
  87. भाण (bhāṇa) (bhāṇa)
    m. ( %{bhaN}) recitation (esp. of the Buddhist law) MWB. 44
    N. of a sort of dramatic entertainment (in which only one of the interlocutors appears on the scene, or a narrative of some intrigue told either by the hero or a third person) Das3ar. Sa1h. Prata1p. (cf. IW. 471).
  88. भाणक (bhāṇaka) (bhāṇaka)
    m. (cf. %{dharma-bh-}) a proclaimer, declarer, reciter MWB. 70
    (%{ikA}) f. a kind of dramatic performance Sa1h. (cf. %{bhANa} and IW. 472).
  89. भाण्ड (bhāṇḍa) (bhāṇḍa)
    m. ( %{bhaND}?) Thespesia Populneoides ( = %{gardabhA7NDa})
    (%{I}) f. a species of plant Sus3r. (perhaps = %{bhaNDI}, Rubia Munjista, or Hydrocotyle Asiatica L.)
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) any vessel, pot, dish, pail, vat, box, case Mn. MBh. &c.
    any implement, tool, instrument ib.
    horse-trappings, harness MBh. R.
    any ornament ib.
    a musical instrument (cf. %{-vAdana})
    goods, wares, merchandise (also m. pl.) Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    capital Katha1s.
    treasure
    the bed of a river
    (fr. %{bhaNDa}) mimicry, buffoonery(cf. %{putra-} and %{bhrAtR-bh-}).
  90. भाण्डक (bhāṇḍaka) (bhāṇḍaka)
    m. (Siddh.) or n. a small vessel, cup, plate, box, chest Katha1s.
    (ifc.) goods, merchandise ib.
    (%{ikA}) f. an implement, tool
    a kind of plant (see %{kAla-bh-}).
  91. भात (bhāta) (bhāta)
    mfn. shining, appearing &c.
    = %{prabhAta}
    n. (impers.) appearance has been made by (instr.) BhP.
  92. भाति (bhāti) (bhāti)
    f. light, splendour BhP.
    evidence, perception, knowledge ib. [751,1]  %{bhAtu} see p. 750 &c.
  93. भाद्र (bhādra) (bhādra)
    m. (fr. %{bhadra}, of which it is also the Vr2iddhi form in comp.) the month Bha1dra (= %{-pada} below) Ra1jat.
    (%{I}) f. (scil. %{tithi}) the day of full moon in the month BhBha1dra Col.
  94. भाद्रपद (bhādrapada) (bhādrapada)
    m. (fr. %{bhadra-padA}) the month Bha1dra (a rainy month corresponding to the period from about the middle of August to the middle of September) Var. Ra1jat. Sus3r.
    (%{A}) f. du. and pl. = %{bhadra-padA}N. common to the 3rd and 4th Nakshatras (q.v.) Su1ryas. VP.
    (%{I}) f. the day of full moon in the month BhBha1dra Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
  95. भान (bhāna) (bhāna)
    n. appearance, evidence, perception Veda7ntas. Bha1sha1p. &c.
    light, lustre%{bhAnu} and e. see p. 751, col. 1.
  96. भानु (bhānu) (bhānu)
    m. appearance, brightness, light or a ray of light, lustre, splendour RV. &c. &c.
    the sun MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a king, prince, master, lord
    N. of the chapters of the dictionary of an anonymous author Cat.
    N. of S3iva
    of an A1ditya Ra1matUp.
    of a Deva-gandharva MBh.
    of a son of Kr2ishn2a ib.
    of a Ya1dava Hariv.
    of the father of the 15th Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i1
    of a prince (son of Prati-vyoma) BhP.
    of a son of Vis3va-dhara and father of Hari-na1tha Cat.
    of a pupil of S3am2kara7ca1rya Cat.
    of various authors (also with %{dIkSita}, %{paNDita}, %{bhaTTa} &c.) ib.
    pl. the A1dityas (children of Bha1nu) Hariv. Pur.
    the gods of the 3rd Manv-antara Hariv.
    f. a handsome wife (= %{bhAnu-matI})
    N. of a daughter of Daksha (wife of Dharma or Manu and mother of Bha1nu and A1ditya) Hariv. VP.
    of the mother of Devarshabha BhP.
    of a daughter of Kr2ishn2a Hariv.
    of the mother of the Da1nava S3akuni &c. BhP.
  97. भानुमत् (bhānumat) (bhānumat)
    mfn. luminous, splendid, beautiful RV. &c. &c.
    containing the word %{bhAnu} S3a1n3khS3r.
    m. the sun MBh. Ka1v. Var.
    N. of a man with the patr. Aupamanyava VBr.
    of a warrior on the side of the Kurus (son of Kalin3ga Sch.) MBh.
    of a son of Kus3a-dhvaja or Kes3i-dhvaja Pur.
    of a son of Br2ihad-as3va BhP.
    of a son of Bharga ib.
    of a son of Kr2ishn2a ib.
    (%{atI}) f. N. of a daughter of An3giras MBh.
    of a ddaughter of Kr2ita-vi1rya (wife of Aham2-ya1ti) ib.
    of a ddaughter of the Ya1dava Bha1nu Hariv.
    of a ddaughter of Vikrama7ditya
    of the mother of S3am2kara (Sch. on Sak.) Cat.
    %{-tI-pariNaya} m. N. of a poem.
  98. भाम (bhāma) (bhāma)
    1 m. (for 2. see p. 752, col. 3) light, brightness, splendour RV.2 m. (for 1. see p. 751, col. 1
    for 3. below) passion, wrath, angerVS. S3Br. BhP.
    (with %{kavi})N. of a poet Cat.
    (%{A}) f. a passionate woman
    N. of one of the wives of Kr2ishn2a (= %{satya-bhAmA}) Katha1s.
  99. भाम (bhāma) (bhāma)
    1 m. (for 2. see p. 752, col. 3) light, brightness, splendour RV.2 m. (for 1. see p. 751, col. 1
    for 3. below) passion, wrath, angerVS. S3Br. BhP.
    (with %{kavi})N. of a poet Cat.
    (%{A}) f. a passionate woman
    N. of one of the wives of Kr2ishn2a (= %{satya-bhAmA}) Katha1s.
  100. भामिन् (bhāmin) (bhāmin)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see p. 752, col. 3) shining, radiant, splendid, beautiful RV. &c. &c.
    (%{inI}) f. a beautiful woman MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of the daughter of a Gandharva Ma1rkP.
  101. भामिनीविलास (bhāminīvilāsa) (bhāminīvilāsa)
    m. N. of a poem by Jaganna1tha Pan2d2ita-ra1ja (the 1st ch. contains allegorical precepts, the 2nd amatory subjects, the 3rd an elegy on a wife's death, the 4th teaches that consolation is only attainable through worshipping Kr2ishn2a).
  102. भार (bhāra) (bhāra)
    m. ( %{bhR}) a burden, load, weight RV. &c. &c.
    heavy work, labour, toil, trouble, task imposed on any one (gen. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a large quantity, mass, bulk (often in comp. with words meaning `" hair "') Hariv. Ka1v. &c.
    a partic. weight (= 20 Tula1s = 2000 Palas of gold) Hariv. Pan5cat. Sus3r.
    = %{bhAra-yaSTi}, Ka1rand2.
    a partic. manner of beating a drum Sam2gi1t.
    N. of Vishn2u
    of a prince VP.
  103. भारत (bhārata) (bhārata)
    mf(%{I})n. descended from Bharata or the Bharatas (applied to Agni either `" sprung from the priests called BhBharatas or `" bearer of the oblation "') RV. &c. &c.
    belonging or relating to the Bharatas (with %{yuddha} n. %{saMgrAma} m. %{samara} m. %{samiti} f. the war or battle of the BhBharatas
    with or scil, %{AkhyAna} n. with %{itihAsa} m. and %{kathA} f. the story of the BhBharatas, the history or narrative of their war
    with or scil. %{maNDala} n. or %{varSa} n. `" king BhBharatas's realm "' i.e. India) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    inhabiting BhBharatas-varsha i.e. India BhP.
    m. a descendant of Bharata (also in pl. for %{bharatAs}) RV. &c. &c. [753,2]
    (with %{azva-medha})N. of the author of RV. v, 27
    (with %{deva-vAta} and %{deva-zravas})N. of the authors of RV. iii, 23
    fire
    an actor(cf. %{bharata})
    N. of the sun shining on the south of Meru
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. the land of BhBharatas i.e. India (cf. above)
    the story of the BhBharatas and their wars (sometimes identified with the Maha1-bha1rata, and sometimes distinguished from it) MBh. Ra1jat. IW. 371 n. 1 and 2
    (with %{saras})N. of a lake S3atr.
  104. भारतीय (bhāratīya) (bhāratīya)
    n. N. of wk.
  105. भारवि (bhāravi) (bhāravi)
    m. N. of the author of the Kira1ta1rjuni1ya (first mentioned in an Inscr. of 634 A.D.)
  106. भार्गव (bhārgava) (bhārgava)
    mf(%{I})n. relating to or coming from Bhr2igu Up. MBh. &c.
    belonging to S3ukra (cf. below) R.
    patr. fr. %{bhRgu} (pl. %{bhRgavaH}) Pa1n2. 2-4, 65
    N. of S3ukra (regent of the planet Venus and preceptor of the Daityas) R. Var. &c.
    of S3iva MBh.
    of Paras3u-ra1ma ib.
    of various men (esp. supposed authors of hymns, viz. of It2a, Kali, Kr2itnu, Gr2itsamada, Cyavana, Jamad-agni, Nema, Prayogs, Vena, Soma7huti and Syu1ma-ras3mi q.v.
    but also of many other writers or mythological personages e.g. of It2ala, of R2ici1ka, of Dvi-gat, of Dris3a1na, of Ma1rkan2d2eya, of Pramati &c.) Br. S3rS. MBh. RAnukr.
    a potter MBh. (Ni1lak.)
    an astrologer
    an archer, a good bowman (like Paras3u-ra1ma)
    an elephant
    pl. the descendants of Bhr2igu (properly called %{bhRgavaH}
    cf. above) MBh. Hariv.
    N. of a people MBh. Pur.
    (%{I}) f. a female descendant of Bhr2igu Pa1n2. 2-4, 65
    Bhargava's i.e. S3ukra's daughter R.
    N. of Deva-ya1ni f. MBh. BhP.
    of Lakshmi1
    of Pa1rvati1
    Panicum Dactylon and another species
    n. N. of various Sa1mans A1rshBr.
  107. भार्य (bhārya) (bhārya)
    mfn. ( %{bhR}) to be borne or supported or cherished or nourished or maintained TS. Br. Hariv.
    m. one supported by or dependent on another, a servant ib.
    a mercenary, soldier Pa1n2. 3-1, 112 Sch.
    (%{A4}) f. see below.
  108. भाल (bhāla) (bhāla)
    n. (L. also m.
    fr. %{bhA}?) the forehead, brow Ka1v. Ra1jat. &c.
    splendour, lustre Inscr.
  109. भाव (bhāva) (bhāva)
    m. ( %{bhU}) becoming, being, existing, occurring, appearance S3vetUp. Ka1tyS3r. &c. [754,2]
    turning or transition into (loc. or comp.) MBh. RPra1t.
    continuance (opp. to cessation
    %{eko7ti-bhAva}, continuity of the thread of existence through successive births Buddh., wrongly translated under %{eko7ti-bh-}) MBh.
    state, condition, rank (with %{sthAvira}, old age
    %{anyam@bhAvam@Apadyate}, euphem. = he dies
    state of being anything, esp. ifc. e.g. %{bAlabhAva}, the state of being a child, childhood = %{bAlatA}, or %{tva}
    sometimes added pleonastically to an abstract noun e.g. %{tanutA-bhAva}, the state of thinness) Up. S3rS. MBh. &c.
    true condition or state, truth, reality (ibc. and %{bhAvena} ind. really, truly) MBh. Hariv.
    manner of being, nature, temperament, character (%{eko@bhAvaH} or %{eka-bh-}, a simple or artless nature
    %{bhAvo@bhAvaM@nigacchati} = birds of a feather flock together) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    manner of acting, conduct, behaviour Ka1v. Sa1h.
    any state of mind or body, way of thinking or feeling, sentiment, opinion, disposition, intention (%{yAdRzena@bhAvena}, with whatever disposition of mind
    %{bhAvam@amaGgalaM-kR}, with loc., to be ill disposed against
    %{bhAvaM@dRDhaM-kR}, to make a firm resolution) Mn. MBh. &c.
    (in rhet.) passion, emotion (2 kinds of Bha1vas are enumerated, the %{sthAyin} or primary, and %{vyabhicArin} or subordinate
    the former are 8 or 9 according as the Rasas or sentiments are taken to be 8 or 9
    the latter 33 or 34) Ka1v. Sa1h. Prata1p. &c.
    conjecture, supposition Mn. Pan5cat.
    purport, meaning, sense (%{iti@bhAvaH}, `" such is the sense "' = %{ity@arthaH} or %{ity@abhiprA7yaH}, constantly used by commentators at the end of their explanations)
    love, affection, attachment (%{bhAvaM-kR}, with loc., to feel an affection for) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the seat of the feelings or affections, heart, soul, mind (%{parituSTena@bhAvena}, with a pleased mind) S3vetUp. Mn. MBh. &c.
    that which is or exists, thing or substance, being or living creature (%{sarva-bhAvAH}, all earthly objects
    %{bhAvAH@sthAvara-jaGgamAH}, plants and animals) Mun2d2Up. MBh. &c.
    (in dram.) a discreet or learned man (as a term of address = respected sir) Mr2icch. Ma1lav. Ma1lati1m.
    (in astron.) the state or condition of a planet
    an astrological house or lunar mansion ib.
    N. of the 27th Kalpa (s.v.) ib.
    of the 8th (42nd) year in Jupiter's cycle of 60 years VarBr2S.
    (in gram.) the fundamental notion of the verb, the sense conveyed by the abstract noun (esp. as a term for an impersonal passive or neuter verb having neither agent nor object expressed e.g. %{pacyate}, `" there is cooking "' or `" cooking is going on "') Pa1n2. 3-1, 66
    107 &c.
    N. of the author of the Bha1vapra1kas3a (= %{mizra-bhAva}) Cat.
    wanton sport, dalliance
    birth
    place of birth, the womb
    the world, universe
    an organ of sense
    superhuman power
    the Supreme Being
    advice, instruction
    contemplation, meditation(cf. %{-samanvita}).
  110. भावन (bhāvana) (bhāvana)
    n. (for 2. %{bhAvana} see p. 755, col. 1) a forest of rays Ghat2.
  111. भावित (bhāvita) (bhāvita)
    mfn. (fr. Caus.) caused to be, created, produced, obtained, got MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (ifc.) made to become, transformed into Bhag. Sam2k. Sa1h.
    manifested, displayed, exhibited Das3.
    cherished protected, fostered, furthered, promoted MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    cultivated, purified (see comp. below)
    welldisposed, good-humoured Ka1d.
    elated, in high spirits MBh.
    thought about, imagined, fancied, conceived, known, recognised MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    proved, established Ya1jn5. [755,2]
    meant or destined for (loc.) S3a1rn3gP.
    convicted Ya1jn5. MBh.
    soaked in, steeped, infused Sus3r. Sa1rn3gS.
    perfumed with, scented
    pervaded or inspired by, occupied or engrossed with, devoted to, intent upon (instr. or comp.) MBh. S3am2k. Pur.
    directed towards, fixed upon BhP.
    (in arithm.) involving a product of unknown quantities
    n. a result or product obtained by multiplication (often expressed by the first syllable %{bhA}) Col. (cf. IW. 133).
  112. भाव्य (bhāvya) (bhāvya)
    mfn. (fr. %{bhU} or its Caus.) future, about to be or what ought to be or become RV. &c. &c. (in later language often used as fut. tense of %{bhU}
    cf. %{bhAvin})
    to be effected or accomplished or performed Kum. BhP.
    to be apprehended or perceived Katha1s.
    to be (or being) imagined or conceived, Asht2a1vS. (cf. %{dur-bh-})
    easy to guess or understand Va1m.
    to be (or being) argued or demonstrated or admitted or approved Ya1jn5. Ka1v.
    to be convicted Mn. viii, 60
    m. N. of a man (= %{bhAvayavya} Nir.) RV. i, 126, 1 (others `" to be worshipped "', others `" future "')
    of a king (= %{bhAvya-ratha} or %{bhAnu-ratha}) VP.
    n. (impers.) it is to be by (instr, ) Mn. v, 150
    it should be understood Mr2icch. Sch.
  113. भाषण (bhāṣaṇa) (bhāṣaṇa)
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) the act of speaking, talking, speech, talk Nir. Mn. MBh. &c.
    kind words, kindness (= %{sAma-dAnA7di}) Sa1h.
    (in dram.) expression of satisfaction after the attainment of an object Prata1p.
    (%{I}) f. resembling(%{-NI-kSaulema} (?) m. N. of a family Sam2ska1rak.)
  114. भाषा (bhāṣā) (bhāṣā)
    f. speech, language (esp. common or vernacular speech, as opp. to Vedic or in later times to Sanskr2it) Nir. Pa1n2. Mn. MBh.
    any Pra1kr2it dialect or a partic. group of 5 of them (viz. Ma1ha1ra1sht2ri, S3auraseni, Ma1gadhi, Pra1cya1, and Avanti, also called Pan5ca-vidha1 Bha1sha1
    cf. under %{prAkRta}, p. 703) Cat.
    description, definition Bhag.
    (in law) accusation, charge, complaint, plaint Dhu1rtas. Ya1jn5. Sch.
    N. of Sarasvati
    (in music) of a Ra1gin2i.
  115. भाषिक (bhāṣika) (bhāṣika)
    mfn. belonging to common or vernacular speech Nir.
    (%{A}) f. speech, language Cat.
    n. general rule S3a1n3khGr2.
  116. भाषिन् (bhāṣin) (bhāṣin)
    mfn. saying, speaking, loquacious (mostly ifc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  117. भाषित (bhāṣita) (bhāṣita)
    mfn. spoken, uttered, said
    spoken to, addressed Mn. MBh. &c.
    n. speech, language, talk ib.
  118. भाषितृ (bhāṣitṛ) (bhāṣitṛ)
    mfn. speaking, a speaker, talker (with acc, or ifc.) S3Br. MBh. &c.
  119. भाष्य (bhāṣya) (bhāṣya)
    n. speaking, talking Sus3r.
    any work in the common or vernacular speech VPra1t. Gr2S. Hariv.
    an explanatory work, exposition, explanation, commentary (esp. on technical Su1tras) MBh. Var. &c.
    N. of Patan5jali's Comm. on the Su1tras of Pa1n2ini (cf. %{mahA-bhASya})
    of the 4th ch. of the BhavP.
    a sort of house or building L.
  120. भास (bhāsa) (bhāsa)
    m. light, lustre, brightness (often ifc.) MBh. Hariv. Katha1s.
    impression made on the mind, fancy MW.
    a bird of prey, vulture (L. = %{zakunta}, %{kukkuTa}, %{gRdhra} &c.) AdbhBr. A1past. MBh. Hariv. &c. (w.r. %{bhASa})
    a cow-shed
    N. of a man Ra1jat.
    of a dramatic poet (also called Bha1saka) Ma1lav. Hcar. &c.
    of a son of a minister of king Candra-prabha Katha1s.
    of a Da1nava ib.
    of a mountain MBh.
    (%{I}) f. N. of the mother of the vultures (a daughter of Ta1mra1) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of a daughter of Pra1dha1 MBh.
    n. (m. TBr.) N. of a Sa1man Br. S3rS.
  121. भासुर (bhāsura) (bhāsura)
    mfn. shining, radiant, bright, splendid Ka1v. Ra1jat. &c.
    (ifc.) excellent in, distinguished by Cat.
    terrible (?)
    m. a crystal
    a hero
    n. Costus Speciosus or Arabicus L.
  122. भासुरत्व (bhāsuratva) (bhāsuratva)
    n. splendour Ma1lav.
  123. भास्कर (bhāskara) (bhāskara)
    mfn. (also %{bhAH-kara} Pa1n2. 8-3, 46 Sch.) `" making light "', shining, glittering, bright MBh. Bhartr2. (v.l. %{bhAsura} and %{-svara})
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) the sun TA1r. &c. &c.
    N. of S3iva MBh.
    fire
    a hero
    Calotropis Gigantea
    (also with %{dikSita}, %{paNDita}, %{bhaTTa}, %{mizra}, %{zAstrin}, %{AcArya} &c.) N. of various authors (esp. of a celebrated astronomer, commonly called Bha1skara7ca1rya q.v.)
    often found at the end of names (e.g. %{jJAna-bh-}, %{brahmaNya-bh-} &c.)
    n. gold
    a kind of breach (made by thieves in a wall) Mr2icch.
    N. of a Tirtha Cat.
    %{-kaNTha} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-caritra} n. N. of wk.
    %{-deva} m. N. of a poet
    %{-nandin} m. the son of the god of the sun Mr2icch.
    %{-nRsiMha} m. N. of a Sch. on Va1tsya1yana's Ka1ma-su1tra (he wrote in 1788)
    %{-priya} m. `" fond of the sun "', a ruby
    %{-bhASya} n. N. of wk.
    %{-rAya} m. N. of various authors Cat.
    %{-lavaNa} n. a partic. mixture Bhpr.
    %{-vat} mfn. possessing a sun Hcat.
    %{-varman} m. N. of a man Das3.
    of various princes Hcar. Va1s. Introd.
    %{-vrata} n. N. of a partic. religious observance Cat.
    %{-zarman} and %{-ziSya} m. N. of authors Cat.
    %{-saptamI} f. N. of the 7th day in the light half of the month Ma1gha W.
    %{-sena} m. N. of a poet Cat.
    %{-stotra} n. N. of a hymn to the sun
    %{-rA7cArya} m. N. of various authors (esp. of a celebrated astronomer who lived in the 12th century and wrote the Siddha1nta-s3iroman2i IW. 176 &c.)
    %{-rA7varta} m. a partic. kind of headache
    %{-rA7hnika} n. N. of wk.: %{-ro4STA} f. Polanisia, Icosandra L.
  124. भास्वत् (bhāsvat) (bhāsvat)
    (%{bhA4s}.) mfn. luminous, splendid, shining RV. &c. &c.
    m. the sun, light, brightness Ka1v. Katha1s. &c.
    a hero
    (%{atI}) f. the city of the sun W.
    N. of the dawn or of a river Naigh. i, 8
    13
    N. of wk.
    %{-tIkarana} n. %{-tI-vivaraNa} n. N. of wks.
  125. भास्वर (bhāsvara) (bhāsvara)
    mf(%{A})n. shining, brilliant, bright, resplendent S3Br. &c. &c.
    m. the sun
    a day
    N. of a satellite of the god of the sun MBh.
    of a Buddhist deity (?)
    n. Costus Arabicus or Speciosus L.
  126. भिक्षा (bhikṣā) (bhikṣā)
    f. the act of begging or asking (with %{kR}, to beg
    with %{aT}, %{car}, %{bhram} and %{yA}, to go about begging) S3Br. &c. &c.
    any boon obtained by begging (alms, food &c.) AV. &c. &c. (also ifc. e.g. %{putra-bhikSAM@dehi4}, `" grant the boon of a son "' R.)
    hire, wages
    service L.
  127. भिक्षु (bhikṣu) (bhikṣu)
    m. a beggar, mendicant, religious mmendicant (esp. a Bra1hman in the fourth A1s3rama or period of his life, when he subsists entirely on alms) Mn. MBh. &c. (cf. RTL. 55 n. 1)
    a Buddhist mendicant or monk Katha1s. Lalit. (cf. MWB. 55)
    a partic. Buddha
    Asteracantha Longifolia
    Sphaerantus Mollis
    N. of an A1n3girasa (author of RV. x, 117) RAnukr.
    of a son of Bhoja Ra1jat.
    of a poet Cat.
    n. N. of an Upanishad (cf. %{bhikSuko7paniSad}),
  128. भिक्षाटन (bhikṣāṭana) (bhikṣāṭana)
    (%{-kSA7L-}) mfn. id.
    m. N. of a poet Cat.
    n. wandering about for alms, mendicancy Ka1v. Pur. &c. (acc. with %{kR}, to go about begging Pan5cat.
    with Caus. of %{kR}, to cause to go about begging ib.)
    N. of ch. of Brahma7n2d2aP.
    %{-kAvya} n. N. of a poem
    %{-nATaka} n. N. of a drama.
  129. भिक्षार्थिन् (bhikṣārthin) (bhikṣārthin)
    (%{-kSA7rthi4n}) mfn. asking for alms, a beggar or mendicant Mn. viii, 23.
  130. भित्ति (bhitti) (bhitti)
    f. breaking, splitting Ka1t2h.
    a mat (made of split reeds) S3Br.
    a wall (of earth or masonry), partition, panel MaitrUp. Inscr. &c.
    (ifc. with parts of the body) a wall-like surface (cf. %{kapola-}, %{gaNDa-bh-})
    a fragment, bit, portion
    a place, spot Mudr.
    a rent, fissure
    a flaw, deficiency W.
    an opportunity, occasion L.
  131. भिन्दिपाल (bhindipāla) (bhindipāla)
    or %{-laka} m. a short javelin or arrow thrown from the hand or shot through a tube (others `" a stone fastened to a string "' or `" a kind of sling for throwing stones "') MBh. R. &c. (v.l. %{bhindapAla}, %{bhiNDimAlA8}, %{bhindomAla}, %{bhindimAla} or %{-laka}, %{bhindumAla}).
  132. भिन्न (bhinna) (bhinna)
    mfn. split, broken, shattered, pierced, destroyed RV. &c. &c.
    leaky (as a ship) MBh.
    broken through, transgressed, violated Mn. MBh. &c.
    divided into parts, anything less than a whole Ya1jn5. Ka1v. &c.
    opened, expanded, blown MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    detached, disjoined, loosened ib.
    interrupted, disturbed Bhartr2.
    disclosed, betrayed R.
    disunited, set at variance MBh.
    seduced, bribed Ka1m. Hit.
    changed, altered Ya1jn5. Sus3r.
    distinct, different from or other than (abl. or comp.) Gr2S3rS. Ka1v. &c.
    deviating, abnormal, irregular Ka1v.
    mixed or mingled with (instr. or comp.) ib.
    cleaving to (loc. or comp.) ib.
    = %{bhinna-karaTa} MBh. i, 7006
    m. (in arithm.) a fraction, Lila1v.
    (%{A}) f. Sanseviera Roxburghiana
    n. a fragment, bit, portion W.
    a wound from a pointed weapon, a stab Sus3r.
    a partic. mode of fighting Hariv.
  133. भी (bhī) (bhī)
    1 cl. 3. P. (Dha1tup. xxv, 2) %{bibhe4ti} (du. %{bibhItas} or %{bibhitas} Pot. %{bibhIyAt} or %{bibhiyAt} Pa1n2. 6-4, 115
    Pot. 3. pl. %{bibhyeyuH} MBh. xii, 459
    impf. 3. pl. %{abibhayuH} Pa1n2. 7-3, 83 Sch.
    ep. also A1. 1. sg. %{bibhye} and and P. 3. sg. %{bibhyati} pl. %{bibhyanti}
    Ved. also cl. 1. A. %{bha4yate}, and accord, to Dha1tup. xxxiv, 15, cl, 10. P. %{bhAyayati}
    pf. %{bibhAya}, 3. pl. %{bibhyuH} RV. &c. &c.
    %{bIbhAya} AitBr.
    %{bibhayA4M@cakara} S3Br. cf. Pa1n2. 3-1, 39
    aor. %{abhaiSIt}, %{-Sma}, %{-SuH}&c., 2. sg. %{bhaiSIs} AV., %{bhais} Br. &c., esp. in %{mAbhais} "', do not be afraid
    once for pl. = %{mA@bhaiSTa} R. i, 55, 25
    %{bhes} Br.
    %{bhema} RV., p. A1. %{bhiyAna4} ib.,
    fut. %{bhetA} Gr.
    cond, %{abheSyat} S3Br.
    inf. %{bhiya4se} RV.
    %{bhetum} MBh. &c.), to fear, be afraid of (abl. or gen., rarely instr, or acc.) RV. &c. &c.
    to fear for, be anxious about (abl.) R.: Pass. %{bhIyate}, aor, %{abhAyi} Gr.: Caus. %{bhISa4yate} (S3Br. &c.
    cf. Pa1n2. 1-3, 68), %{bhISayati} (MBh.
    once m. c. %{bhiS-} BhP.
    p. %{bhISayANa} MBh.
    aor. %{bIbhiSaH} TS., %{-SathAH} RV.), %{bhAyayati}, %{-te} (Pa1n2. 1-3, 68 Sch.
    Pot. %{bhAyayes} Megh. 61
    v.l. %{bhISayes}
    aor %{bIbhayat}, %{a4bIbhayanta} RV.
    ind. p. %{-bhAyya} Br.), %{bhApayate} (Pa1n2. 6-1, 56 Sch.), to terrify, put in a fright, intimidate RV. &c. &c.: Desid. %{bibhISati} Gr.: Intens. %{bebhIyate}, %{bebhayIti}, %{bebheti} ib. [Cf. %{bhyas}
    Lith. {bijo4tis}
    Slav. {bojati}
    Germ. {biben}, {beben}.]
  134. भिल्ल (bhilla) (bhilla)
    m. N. of a wild mountain race, (prob.) the `" Bheels "' (who live in the Vindhya hills, in the forests of Malwa, Mewar, Kandesh, the Dakhin) Ka1v. Katha1s. &c. (ifc. f. %{A})
    a king of the Bhillas Katha1s.
    the son of a S3abara and an Andhri (who was previously married to a Nisht2hya, )
    a species of Lodhra
    (%{I}) f. a Bhilla woman, S3a1rn3gp.
    Symplocos Racemosa L.
  135. भिषज् (bhiṣaj) (bhiṣaj)
    1 (prob. = %{abhi+saj}, `" to attach, plaster "'), only 3. sg. pr. %{bhitha4kti}, to heal, cure RV. viii, 68, 2.
  136. भीत (bhīta) (bhīta)
    mfn. frightened, alarmed, terrified, timid, afraid of or imperilled by (abl. or comp.) RV. &c. &c.
    anxious about (comp.) Pan5car.
    (%{am}) ind. timidly S3iksh.
    n. fear, danger
    (impers.) fear has been shown, S3rin3ga1r.
  137. भीति (bhīti) (bhīti)
    f. fear, alarm, dread, danger (often ifc.) Ya1jn5. Ka1v. &c.
  138. भीम (bhīma) (bhīma)
    mf(%{A})n. fearful, terrific, terrible awful formidable, tremendous RV. &c. &c. (ibc., fearfully &c.)
    m. Rumex Vesicarius
    N. of Rudra-S3iva A1s3vGr2. Un2. Sch.
    of one of the 8 forms of S3iva Pur.
    of one of the 11 Rudras Pur.
    of a Devagandharva MBh.
    of one of the Devas called Vajn5amush ib.
    of a Da1nava ib. Katha1s.
    of a Vidya1dhara Katha1s.
    of a son of the Ra1kshasa Kumbhakarn2a Cat.
    of the second son of Pa1n2d2u (also called) Bhima-sena and Vr2iko7dara
    he was only the reputed son of PPa1n2d2u, being really the son of his wife Pr2itha1 or Kunti1 by the wind-god Va1yu, and was noted for his size, strength and appetite) MBh. Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    of sev. other men AitBr. MBh. Hariv. &c.
    pl. the race of Bhima MBh.
    (%{A}) f. a whip
    a bullock's gall-stone
    N. of a form of Durga1 Hariv.
    of an Apsaras R.
    of sev. rivers MBh.
    of a district Ra1jat.
    of a town Buddh.
  139. भीमपराक्रम (bhīmaparākrama) (bhīmaparākrama)
    mfn. possessing formidable power or prowess MBh.
    m. N. of a man Katha1s. of S3iva MW.
    of wk.
  140. भीमसेन (bhīmasena) (bhīmasena)
    (%{bhIma4-}) m. `" having a formidable army "'N. of a Deva-gandharva MBh.
    of a Yaksha Cat.
    of the second son of Pa1n2d2u (cf. %{bhIma4}) MBh. Hariv. Lalit.
    of various other men S3Br. S3a1n3khS3r. MBh. &c.
    a kind of camphor
    %{-maya} mfn. consisting of Bhima-sena MBh.
  141. भीरु (bhīru) (bhīru)
    mf(%{U8})n. fearful, timid, cowardly, afraid of (abl. or comp.) RV. &c. &c.
    (with %{paratra}) dreading the beyond or the hereafter Ya1jn5. Sch. (ifc. expressive of blame Gan2ar. on Pa1n2. 2-1, 53)
    m. a jackal(cf. %{pheru})
    a tiger
    various kinds of fish
    a centipede
    a kind of sugarcane
    Asparagus Racemosus
    f. a timid woman (esp. voc. `" %{bhIru} "', `" O timid one! "') Ka1v.
    a shadow
    a she-goat
    Solanum Jacquini
    n. a species of plant[758,3]
    silver L.
  142. भीष्म (bhīṣma) (bhīṣma)
    mfn. terrible, dreadful S3Br. &c. &c.
    m. (scil. %{rasa}) = %{bhISaNa} MW.
    death Nya1yas. Sch.
    N. of S3iva
    a Ra1kshasa
    N. of a son of Sa1m2tanu and Gan3ga1 (in the great war of the Bharatas he took the side of the sons of Dhr2itara1sht2ra against the sons of Pa1n2d2u, and was renowned for his continence, wisdom, bravery, and fidelity to his word cf. IW. 375 and RTL. 561-564) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    pl. the race or followers of Bhi1shma MBh.
    n. horror, horribleness W.
  143. भीष्मक (bhīṣmaka) (bhīṣmaka)
    m. Bhishma the son of S3a1m2tanu (used contemptuously) MBh. v, 5981
    N. of another king (the father of Rukmini who was carried off by Kr2ishn2a) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
  144. भीष्मस्तवराज (bhīṣmastavarāja) (bhīṣmastavarāja)
    m. `" BhBhishma's hymn to Kr2ishn2a "'N. of MBh. xii, 47.
  145. भीष्माष्टमी (bhīṣmāṣṭamī) (bhīṣmāṣṭamī)
    f. the 8th day in the light half of the month Ma1gha (when there is a festival sacred to Bhi1shma) W.
  146. भू (bhū) (bhū)
    to turn into an inauspicious omen Naish. iii, 9. 1 cl. 1. P. (Dha1tup. i, 1) %{bha4vati} (rarely A1. %{-te}
    pf. %{babhU4va}, 2. pers. %{-U4tha} or %{-Uvitha} cf. Pa1n2. 7-2, 64
    %{babhUyAs}, %{-yA4r}, %{babhUtu} RV.
    A1. %{babhUve} or %{bubhUve} Vop.
    cf. below
    aor. %{a4bhUt}, %{-Uvan}
    Impv. %{bodhi4} [cf. %{budh}], %{bhUtu} RV.
    aor. or impf. %{a4bhuvat}, %{bhu4vat}, %{bhuvAni} ib.
    Prec. %{bhUyAsam}, 2. 3. sg. %{-yAs} ib. [760,2]
    %{bhUyAt} AV.
    %{bhUyiSThAs} BhP.
    %{bhaviSAt} [?] AitBr.
    %{abhaviSta}, %{bhaviSISta}. Gr.
    fut. %{bhaviSya4ti}, ep. also %{-te} and 2. pl. %{-Syadhvam}
    %{bhavitA} Br. &c.
    inf. %{bhuve4}, %{-bhve4}, %{bhUSa4Ni} RV.
    %{bhavitum}, %{-tos} Br.
    ind. p. %{bhUtvA4}
    %{bhUtvI4} RV.
    %{-bhU4ya} RV. &c.
    %{-bhU4yam}, %{-bha4vam} Br.), to become, be (with nom, or adv. or indecl. words ending in %{I} or %{U} cf. %{kRSNI-bhU} &c.), arise, come into being, exist, be found, live, stay, abide, happen, occur RV. &c. &c. (often used with participles and other verbal nouns to make periphrastical verbal forms
    with a fut. p. = to be going or about to e.g. %{anuvakSyan@bhavati}, he is going to recite S3Br.
    the fut. of %{bhU} with a pf. p. = a fut. pf. e.g. %{kRtavAn@bhaviSyasi}, you will have done MBh.
    the pf. P. %{babhUva} after the syllable %{Am} is put for the pf. of verbs of the 10. cl. &c. [cf. 1. %{as} and 1. %{kR}]
    the A1. appears in this meaning S3is3. ix, 84 Kum. xiv. 46
    observe also %{bhavati} with a fut. tense, it is possible that, e.g. %{bhavati@bhavAn@yAjayiSyati}, it is possible that you will cause a sacrifice to be performed Pa1n2. 3-3, 146 Sch.
    %{bhavet}, may be, granted, admitted Ka1s3. on P. iii, 2. 114
    %{bhavatu} id., well, good, enough of this Ka1v. Hit.
    %{iticed@bhavet}, if this question should be asked Mn. x, 66
    %{kva@tad@bhavati}, what is to become of this, it is quite useless TBr.
    with %{na} = to cease to exist, perish, die MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    with %{iha@na}, not to be born on earth MBh.
    with %{zata-dhA}, to fall into a hundred pieces MBh.
    with %{dUrataH}, to keep aloof. S3a1rn3gP.
    with %{manasi} or %{cetasi} and gen., to occur to the mind of any one Ka1d.
    id. with gen. alone Lalit.)
    to fall to the share or become the property of, belong to (cf. `" esse alicujus
    `" with gen., rarely dat. or loc. accord. to Vop. also with %{pari} or %{prati} and preceding acc.) RV. &c. &c.
    to be on the side of, assist (with gen. or %{-tas}) MBh. 1301 (cf. Pa1n2. 5-4, 48 Sch.)
    to serve for, tend or conduce to (with dat. of thing) RV. &c. &c. (with %{phalAya}. to bear fruit Ka1m.)
    to be occupied with or engaged in, devote one's self to (with loc.) MBh. Ka1v.
    to thrive or prosper in (instr.), turn out well, succeed RV. TS. Br.
    to be of consequence or useful Mn. iii, 181
    (also A1. Dha1tup. xxxiv, 37) to fall, or get into, attain to, obtain Br. MBh.
    (with %{ida4m}) to obtain it i.e. be successful or fortunate TS.: Pass. %{bhUyate} (or %{-ti} Up.
    aor. %{abhAvi}) sometimes used impers. e.g. %{yair@bhaviSyate}, by whom it will be existed i.e. who will be Ra1jat.: Caus. %{bhAvayati} (rarely %{-te}
    aor. %{abIbhavat} Gr.
    inf. %{bhAvitum} R.
    Pass. %{bhAvyate} &c. MBh.), to cause to be or become, call into existence or life, originate, produce, cause, create Pur. Sa1h.
    to cherish, foster, animate, enliven, refresh, encourage, promote, further AitUp. MBh. &c.
    to addict or devote one's self to, practise (acc.) MBh. HYog.
    to subdue, control R.
    (also A1. Dha1tup. xxxiv, 37) to obtain Jaim. Sch.
    to manifest, exhibit, show, betray MBh. Ka1m. Das3.
    to purify BhP.
    to present to the mind, think about, consider, know, recognize as or take for (two acc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to mingle, mix, saturate, soak, perfume Kaus3. Sus3r. (cf. %{bhAvita}, p. 755, col. 1): Desid, of Caus. %{bibhAvayiSati} (Pa1n2. 7-4, 80 Sch.), to wish to cause to be &c. Br.: Desid. %{bu4bhUSati} (%{-te}), to wish or strive to become or be RV. &c. &c.
    (with %{kSipram}), to strive to be quickly possessed MBh.
    to want to get on, strive to prosper or succeed TS. Br. MBh.
    to want to have, care for, strive after, esteem, honour MBh. Hariv.
    to want to take revenge BhP.: Intens, %{bo4bhavIti}, %{bobhavati}, %{bobhoti}, %{bibhUyate}, to be frequently, to be in the habit of BhP. Bhat2t2.
    to be transformed into (acc.)
    (with %{tiraH}), to keep anything (instr.) secret S3Br. [Cf. Zd. {bu1}
    Gk. $, $
    Lat. {fuit}, {fuat} &c.
    Slav. {byti}
    Lith. &231127[760,2] {bu4ti}
    Germ. {bim}, {bim}
    Angl. Sax. {beo4}
    Eng. {be}.]
  147. भुक्त (bhukta) (bhukta)
    %{bhukti} see 2. %{bhuj}. mfn. enjoyed, eaten, made use of, possessed &c. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    one who has eaten a meal (= %{bhukta-vat} Siddh.) Kaus3. Sus3r. (cf. %{bhukta-pIta})
    n. the act of eating
    the thing eaten or enjoyed, food MBh. (ifc. feeding or living on Pan5cat.)
    the place where any person has eaten R. (cf. Pa1n2. 2-2, 13 Sch.)
  148. भुक्ति (bhukti) (bhukti)
    f. enjoyment, eating, consuming, A1s3Gr2. Pan5cat.
    fruition, possession, usufruct Mn. Ya1jn5. Ka1v.
    food, victuals Ka1v. Ra1jat.
    (in astron.) the daily motion of a planet Su1ryas. (cf. %{pakSa-bh-})
    a limit MW.
  149. भुग्न (bhugna) (bhugna)
    see 1. %{bhuj}.
  150. भुज (bhuja) (bhuja)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) the arm MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{bhujayor@antaram}, the breast Bhartr2.
    cf. %{bhujA7ntara})
    the hand Pa1n2. 7-3, 61
    the trunk of an elephant MBh. iii, 15736
    a branch, bough BhP.
    a bending, curve, coil (of a serpent
    see comp. below)
    the side of any geometrical figure Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    the base of a triangle Su1ryas.
    the base of a shadow ib.
    the supplement of 2 or 4 right angles or the complement of 3 right angles MW.
    (%{A}) f. see col. 2.
  151. भुजग (bhujaga) (bhujaga)
    see %{bhujaga}.
  152. भुजिष्य (bhujiṣya) (bhujiṣya)
    mfn. granting food, useful AV. (cf. %{a-bh-})
    free, independent
    m. a slave, servant (%{-tA} f.) Can2d2. DivyA7v. (cf. Un2. iv, 178 Sch.)
    a comrade, companion
    a person who has regained his liberty by redeeming his pledge
    a cord wound round the wrist of a girl before her marriage (%{-hasta-sUtraka})
    the hand
    a string
    (%{A}) f. any woman dependent on or working for others, a slave-girl, maid-servant Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a harlot, courtezan
  153. भुज्यु (bhujyu) (bhujyu)
    2 f. (for 2. see col. 3) a snake or viper (cf. %{bhujaMga-ga} 1. %{bhoga} &c.) RV. x, 95, 8 (others `" a doe "') VS. xviii, 42. 2 mfn. (for 1. see col. 2) wealthy, rich RV. viii, 22, 1
    46, 20 (Sa1y. = %{rakSaka}
    others `" easily guided "', fr. 1. %{bhuj})
    N. of a son of Tugra (protected by the As3vins) ib. i, 112, 6
    116, 3 &c.
    of a man with the patr. La1hya1yani S3Br.
    a pot, vessel
    food
    fire[760,1]
  154. भुवन (bhuvana) (bhuvana)
    n. a being, living creature, man, mankind RV. &c. &c.
    (rarely m.) the world, earth ib. (generally 3 worlds are reckoned [see %{tri-bhuvana} and %{bhuvana-traya}], but also 2 [see %{bhuva@na-dvaya}], or 7 [MBh. xii, 6924] or 14 [Bhartr2.]
    cf. RTL. 102 n. 1)
    place of being, abode, residence AV. S3Br.
    a house (v.l. for %{bhavana})
    (?) causing to exist (= %{bhAvana}) Nir. vii, 25
    water Naigh. i, 15
    m. N. of a partic. month TS.
    of a Rudra VP.
    of an A1ptya (author of RV. x, 157) RAnukr.
    of a teacher of Yoga Cat.
    of another man MBh.
  155. भूत (bhūta) (bhūta)
    mf(%{A})n. become, been, gone, past (n. the past) RV. &c. &c.
    actually happened, true, real (n. an actual occurrence, fact, matter of fact, reality) Ya1jn5. R. &c.
    existing, present Kan2.
    (ifc.) being or being like anything, consisting of, mixed or joined with Pra1t. Up. Mn. &c. (also to form adj. out of adv., e.g. %{ittham-}, %{evam-}, %{tathA-bh-})
    purified
    obtained
    fit, proper
    often w.r. for %{bhRta}
    m. a son, child
    a great devotee or ascetic
    (pl.) N. of an heretical sect (with Jainas, a class of the Vyantaras)
    N. of S3iva
    of a priest of the gods
    of a son of Vasu-deva and Pauravi1 BhP.
    of a son-in-law of Daksha and father of numerous Rudras ib.
    of a Yaksha Cat.
    (%{A} f.) the 14th day of the dark half of the lunar month SkandaP. (L. also m.)
    N. of a woman HParis3.
    n. (cf. above) that which is or exists, any living being (divine, human, animal, and even vegetable), the world (in these senses also m.) RV. &c. &c.
    a spirit (good or evil), the ghost of a deceased person, a demon, imp, goblin (also m.) Gr2S. Up. Mn. &c. (cf. RTL. 241)
    an element, one of the 5 elements (esp. a gross elelement = %{mahA-bh-} q.v.
    but also a subtle elelement = %{tan-mAtra} q.v.
    with Buddhists there are only 4 elelement) Up. Sa1m2khyak. Veda7ntas. &c.
    N. of the number `" five "' (cf. %{mahA-bh-} and %{pAJcabhautika})
    well-being, welfare, prosperity VS. TS. AitBr.
  156. भूति (bhūti) (bhūti)
    or (RV.)
  157. भूपति (bhūpati) (bhūpati)
    (%{bhU4-}) m. `" lord of the earth "'N. of Rudra TS. TBr. A1s3vS3r.
    of Indra S3rS.
    of Bat2uka-bhairava
    of one of the Vis3ve-Deva1h2 MBh.
    a king, monarch, prince MBh. R. Ragh. &c.
    a partic. bulbous plant existing on the Himavat
    a partic. Ra1ga Sam2gi1t.
    N. of a poet (perhaps Bhoja
    cf. %{bhU-pAla}) Cat.
    of an author Cat.
    of a priest of the gods
    pl. N. of a partic. class of gods under Manu Raivata Ma1rkP.
    %{-vezman} n. a king's palace
    %{-stuti} f. N. of a hymn.
  158. भूभुज् (bhūbhuj) (bhūbhuj)
    m. `" earthpossessor "', a king, prince MBh. Ka1m. Katha1s. &c.
  159. भूमन् (bhūman) (bhūman)
    n. the earth, world
    a territory, country, district A1s3vGr2.
    a being (pl) the aggregate of all existing things RV.
    (%{bhUma4n}) m. abundance, plenty, wealth, opulence, multitude, majority RV. &c. &c. (ifc. filled with Mcar.
    %{bhUmnA} ind. generally, usually Ka1v. Ra1jat.
    %{bhUnA4} ind. plentifully, abundantly RV.)
    the pl. number (%{bhUmni}, in the plural)
    N. of Kr2ishn2a BhP.
    f. a collection, assembly S3a1n3khBr.
  160. भूमि (bhūmi) (bhūmi)
    f. (Ved. also nom. %{bhU4mI} gen. abl. %{-myAs} loc. %{-myAm}) the earth, soil, ground RV. &c. &c.
    (pl. divisions of the world
    cf. %{bhUmi-traya})
    a territory. country, district ib.
    a place, situation S3Br. &c. &c.
    position, posture, attitude MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the part or personification (played by an actor) Katha1s.
    the, floor of a house, story Megh. Katha1s.
    the area S3ulbas.
    the base of any geometrical figure Col.
    (metaph.) a step, degree, stage Yogas. (with Buddhists there are 10 or 13 stages of existence or perfection Dharmas. 45
    46)
    extent, limit Kir.
    (ifc.) a matter, subject, object, receptacle i.e. fit object or person for (cf. %{vizvAsa-}, %{sneha-bh-} &c., and %{pAtra}, %{bhAjana})
    the tongue
    m. N. of a son or grandson of Yuyudha1na and father of Yugam2dhara Hariv. VP. %{bhUmI} &c. see p. 763.
  161. भूमिका (bhūmikā) (bhūmikā)
    f. earth, ground, soil Ka1s3. Katha1s. &c.
    (ifc.) a spot, place for (e.g. %{AhAra-bh-}, an eating-place Katha1s.
    %{akSara-bh-}, a place i.e. a tablet for writing Ragh.)
    a story, floor Inscr. Pan5cat. (with %{gRho4pari}, the flat roof of a house S3ukas.)
    a step, degree Yogas.
    (in dram.) an actor's part or character Vikr. Ma1lati1m. &c.
    decoration (as of an image)
    preface, introduction ChUp. Sch. Ka1vya7d.
  162. भूमिज (bhūmija) (bhūmija)
    mfn. produced from the earth, sprung from the ground Sus3r.
    m. the planet Mars Ma1rkP.
    a man
    a kind of snail
    a kind of Kadamba
    N. of the demon Naraka
    hell MW.
    (%{A}) f. metron. of Sita1
    n. a species of vegetable
    %{-guggulu} m. a species of bdellium L.
  163. भूमिपति (bhūmipati) (bhūmipati)
    m. `" eearth-lord "', a king, prince Kaus3. Gobh. MBh. &c.
    %{-tva} n. sovereignty, kingship R.
  164. भूय (bhūya) (bhūya)
    n. (ifc.) becoming, being (see %{amutra-}, %{Atma-} &c.)
  165. भूयस् (bhūyas) (bhūyas)
    or it is true - but not, ere - than %{bhUyiSTha} see p. 763.
  166. भूयस्त्व (bhūyastva) (bhūyastva)
    n. the becoming or being more or much, increase, preponderance, abundance, multitude Gr2S3rS. Gaut. Sus3r.
    great extent Sarvad.
    (%{ena}) ind. for the most part, mostly
  167. भूयिष्ठ (bhūyiṣṭha) (bhūyiṣṭha)
    mf(%{A})n. (accord. to Pa1n2. 6-4, 158 superl. of %{bahu}) most numerous or abundant or great or important, chief principal RV. &c. &c.
    (ifc. = having anything as chief part or ingredient, chiefly filled with or characterised by, nearly all, almost
    cf. %{zUdra-bh-}, %{nirvANa-bh-} &c.)
    (%{am}) ind. for the most part, mostly, chiefly RV. &c. &c.
    abundantly, numerously R.
    in the highest degree, very much Ragh.
    (%{ena}) ind. mostly &c. MBh.
  168. भूरि (bhūri) (bhūri)
    mfn. much, many, abundant, frequent, numerous, great, important, strong, mighty RV. &c. &c.
    (%{I}) ind. much, abundantly, greatly, often, frequently ib. (%{bhU4ri@kR4tvas}, many times, repeatedly RV. iii, 18, 4)
    m. N. of Brahma1 or Vishn2u or S3iva
    of a son of Soma-datta (king of the Ba1lhikas) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    m. n. gold
    f. (cf. Pa1li %{bhUrI}) reason, intellect Lalit.
  169. भूरिश्रवस् (bhūriśravas) (bhūriśravas)
    m. N. of a son of Soma-datta (king of the Ba1lhikas) MBh.
    of Indra L.
  170. भूर्ज (bhūrja) (bhūrja)
    m. a species of birch (the Bhoj tree, Betula Bhojpatra, the bark of which is used for writing on) Ka1t2h. Ka1v. Var. &c.
    n. a leaf made of birch bark for writing on Ka1ran2d2.
    a written deed, document, Lokapr. [Cf. Slav. {bre7za}
    Lith. {be4rzas}
    Germ. {bircha}, {Birke}
    Eng. {birch}.]
  171. भूषण (bhūṣaṇa) (bhūṣaṇa)
    mf(%{I}) n. decorating, adorning (ifc.) MBh. BhP. Sus3r.
    m. N. of Vishn2u MBh.
    of a Daitya Katha1s.
    n. (rarely m. e.g. MBh. iii, 8588
    cf. %{g.ardharcA7di}) embellishment, ornament, decoration (often ifc., with f. %{A}, `" having anything as ornament "' i.e. adorned or decorated with) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of various wks.
  172. भूषा (bhūṣā) (bhūṣā)
    f. ornament, decoration Ka1v. Katha1s. &c.
  173. भृगु (bhṛgu) (bhṛgu)
    m. pl. ( %{bhrAj}) N. of a mythical race of beings (closely connected with fire, which they find [RV. x, 46, 2] and bring to men [i, 58, 6
    195, 2] or enclose in wood [vi, 15, 2] or put in the navel of the world [i, 143, 4]
    or which is brought to them and first kindled by Ma1tari-s3van [i, 60, 1
    iii, 5, 10]
    they are also said to fabricate chariots [iv, 16, 20] and are mentioned together with the An3girasas, Atharvans, R2ibhus, Maruts, Druhyus &c. [cf. Naigh. v, 5]
    in Hcat. 12 Bhr2igus are enumerated among gods
    cf. Gk. $)S3Br. Kaus3.
    N. of one of the chief &232441[765,1] Bra1hmanical families (to which the Aitas3a1yanas are said to belong) RV. (esp. vii, 18, 6
    viii, 3,9 &c.) Br. MBh. Pur.
    sg. N. of a R2ishi regarded as the ancestor of the Bhr2igus AV. AitBr. (he has the patr. Va1run2i and is the supposed author of RV. ix, 65
    x, 19
    he is enumerated among the 10 Maharshis created by the first Manu Mn. i, 35
    cf. IW. 46 &c.)
    of a son of Kavi MBh.
    of one of the Praja1-patis produced from Brahma1 skin Hariv. Pur.
    of one of the 7 sages Hariv.
    of the father of Cyavana and 6 other sons MBh.
    of the ffather of Dha1tr2i and Vidha1tr2i Pur.
    of the ffather of S3ri (by Khya1ti) ib.
    of the author of a Dharma-s3a1stra (cf. %{bhRgu-smRti}) Mn. i, 59
    of an astronomer Cat. (cf. %{bhRgu-saMhitA})
    of a medical authority ib.
    of the R2ishi Jamad-agni or his son
    of S3ukra or the planet Venus (called either Bhr2igu or the son of BhBhr2igu
    his day is Friday) Su1ryas. Var.
    of Kr2ishn2a or of Rudra
    of a son of Artha-pati and uncle of the poet Ba1n2a Va1s., Introd.
    of the top of the mountain Bhr2igu-tun3ga Cat.
    a declivity, slope, precipice Hcat. (cf. %{bhRgu-patana}).
  174. भृगुकच्छ (bhṛgukaccha) (bhṛgukaccha)
    m. n. or (%{A}) f. N. of a town and sacred place on the northern bank of the river Narmada1 (now called Broach) AV.Paris3. BhP. Ka1s3i1Kh.
    m. pl. its inhabitants Ma1rkP.
    %{-tIrtha} n. N. of a Ti1rtha Cat.
  175. भृङ्ग (bhṛṅga) (bhṛṅga)
    m. ( %{bhram}) a species of large black bee, the humble bee Ka1v. Pur.
    a species of wasp
    the fork-tailed shrike or some similar bird Va1gbh.
    a libertine
    a golden vase or pitcher
    N. of a genius (= %{bhRGga-rAja}) Hcat.
    (in music) a kind of measure Sam2gi1t.
    m. or n. Eclipta Prostrata
    (%{bhR4GgA}) f. a large black bee (see m.) AV.
    a kind of pulse
    (%{I}) f. (cf. g. %{gaurA7di}) id. Ka1v. Katha1s.
    Aconitum Ferox
    n. the bark or the leaf of Laurus Cassia
    talc
    N. of a man (brother of Man3kha), S3rikan2t2h.
  176. भृङ्गिन् (bhṛṅgin) (bhṛṅgin)
    m. the Indian fig-tree
    N. of one of S3iva's attendants (cf. %{bhRGgariTi}, %{-giriTa} &c.) Katha1s.
    pl. N. of a people Var.
    (%{iNI}) f. a species of tree L.
  177. भृत् (bhṛt) (bhṛt)
    mfn. bearing, carrying, bringing, procuring, possessing, wearing, having, nourishing, supporting, maintaining (only ifc.
    cf. %{iSu-}, %{kSiti-}, %{dharma-}, %{vaMza-bhRt} &c.)
  178. भृत (bhṛta) (bhṛta)
    mfn. borne, carried &c. (see prec.)
    gained, acquired Katha1s.
    (ifc.) filled, full of. ib.
    hired, paid (as a servant) Mn. MBh. &c. (%{bhakta-venayor@bhRtaH}, `" one who receives board and wages "'
    cf. %{kSIra-bh-})
    m. a hireling, hired servant or labourer, mercenary Ya1jn5. Sch. %{bhRtya} &c. see p. 764.
  179. भृतक (bhṛtaka) (bhṛtaka)
    mfn. brought, fetched (see %{drAg-bh-})
    mfn. hired, receiving wages
    m. a hired labourer, servant Mn. MBh. &c.
    (%{ikA}) f. hire, wages DivyA7v.
  180. भृति (bhṛti) (bhṛti)
    (S3Br. also %{bhR4ti}) f. bearing, carrying, bringing, fetching (see %{idhma4-bh-})
    support, maintenance, nourishment, food RV. &c. &c.
    hire, wages or service for wwages Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh.
  181. भृत्य (bhṛtya) (bhṛtya)
    mfn. to be nourished or maintained
    m. one who is to be mmaintained, a dependent, servant (also the sservant of a king, a minister) Gr2S. Mn. MBh. &c. [765,1]
    (%{A}) f. support, maintenance, wages &c. (= %{bhRti}).
    nursing, care of(cf. %{kumAra-bhRtyA}).
  182. भृश (bhṛśa) (bhṛśa)
    mfn. (perhaps the original meaning may be `" falling heavily "' cf. %{bhraz}) strong, vehement, mighty, powerful, frequent, abundant (often ibc. cf. below
    rarely as an independent word
    cf. %{subhRta}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    ibc and(%{am}) ind. strongly, violently, vehemently, excessively, greatly, very much Mn. MBh. &c.
    harshly, severely ChUp.
    quickly, without hesitation MBh.
    often, frequently R.
    eminently, in a superior manner
    m. a partic. tutelary deity VarBr2.
  183. भृष्ट (bhṛṣṭa) (bhṛṣṭa)
    1 mfn. fallen &c.2 &c. see under %{bhrajj}. 2 mfn. (for 1. see p. 766, col. 1) fried, broiled, grilled, roasted, baked Gr2S3rS. MBh. Sus3r. &c.
    n. roasted meat (see next).
  184. भेक (bheka) (bheka)
    m. (probably onomat.
    but cf. Un2. iii, 43) a frog Up. Ka1v. &c. (accord. to Katha1s. xx, 77 the croaking of frogs was caused by the curse of Agni who was betrayed by them to the gods when he took refuge in the water)
    a cloud
    a timid man (= %{bhIru})(cf. %{bhela})
    N. of a Nisha1da and a Bra1hman2i1
    (%{I}) f. a female frogHydrocotyle Asiatica L.
  185. भेद (bheda) (bheda)
  186. भेदन (bhedana) (bhedana)
    &c. see P. 766. [757,3] mfn. breaking, cleaving, splitting, rending, piercing, dividing, separating MBh. R. &c.
    (ifc.) causing to flow, giving free course (to a river) Pan5car.
    causing pain in the joints or limbs Sus3r.
    loosening (the faeces), cathartic, purgative S3a1rn3gS.
    destroying, dissolving, relieving (cf. %{hRdaya-granthi-bh-})
    m. a hog
    Rumex Vesicarius
    n. the act of breaking, cleaving &c. MBh. R. &.
    bursting, parting asunder, breach, fracture Ka1tyS3r. Sus3r. Pra7yas3c.
    the passing (through an asterism) VarBr2S.
    disclosure, betrayal (of a secret) Katha1s.
    embroilment, disunion, discord MBh. Ka1m. Ra1jat.
    discrimination W.
    a purgative Sus3r.
    Asa Foetida
  187. भेरी (bherī) (bherī)
    f. (rarely %{-ri}) a kettle-drum MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  188. भेषज (bheṣaja) (bheṣaja)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. 1. %{bhiSaj}) curing, healing, sanativeAitBr.
    n. a remedy, medicine, medicament, drug, remedy against (gen. or comp.) RV. &c. &c.
    a spell or charm (for curative purposes (generally from Atharva-veda) S3rS.
    water Naigh. i, 12
    Nigella Indica W.
  189. भइक्ष (bhaikṣa) (bhaikṣa)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{bhikSA}) living on alms, subsisting by charity MBh.
    n. asking alms, begging, mendicancy (%{-kSAya} with %{gam}, to beg for alms, %{-kSam} [ifc.] with %{car}, to go about begging for
    %{-kSam} with %{A-hR}, or %{sam-A-hR}, to collect alms or food
    %{-kSeNa} with Caus. of %{vRt}, to subsist on alms) Mn. MBh. &c.
    anything obtained by begging, begged food, charity, alms Gr2S. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a multitude of alms L.
  190. भइरव (bhairava) (bhairava)
    mf(%{A} and %{I})n. (fr. %{bhIru}) frightful, terrible, horrible, formidable (%{am} ind.) MBh. R. &c.
    relating to Bhairava Cat.
    m. N. of a form of S3iva (cf RTL. 85) Prab. Ra1jat. Pur. (in the latter 8 BhBhairava's are enumerated, viz. %{mahA-}, %{saMhAra-}, %{asitA7Gga-}, %{ruru-} %{kAla-}, %{krodha-}, %{tAmracUDa-}, or %{kapAla-}, %{candracUDa-} or %{rudra-bh-}
    sometimes other names are given e.g. %{vidyA-rAja}, %{kAma-r-}, %{nAga-r-}, %{svacchanda-r-}, %{lambita-r-}, %{deva-r-}, %{ugra-r-}, %{vighna-r-})
    a man representing BhBhairava's W.
    a jackal
    a mountain
    (in music) ) N. of a Ra1ga
    N. of a chief of S3iva's host, Ka1IP.
    of a son of S3iva by Ta1ra1-vati1 (wife of Candra-s3ekhara, king of Karavira-pura) ib.
    of a Na1ga MBh.
    of a Yaksha Cat.
    of a hunter Hit.
    of 2 kings and various teachers and authors (also with %{tripAThin}, %{daivajJa}, %{tilaka}, %{dIkSita}, %{AcArya}, %{bhaTTa} and %{mizra}) ib.
    of a river
    pl. N. of a partic. sect VP.
    (%{A}) f. N. of Nirr2iti, VYogay.
    pl. of a class of Apsaras VP.
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. terror or the property of exciting terror W.
    = %{bhairava-tantra} below.
  191. भइषज्य (bhaiṣajya) (bhaiṣajya)
    m. patr. fr. %{bhiSaj}, or %{bhiSaja} g. %{gargA7di} (Ka1s3.)
    n. curativeness, healing efficacy VS.
    a partic. ceremony performed as a remedy for sickness Kaus3.
    any remedy, drug or medicine (`" against "' gen.) S3Br. Sus3r.
    the administering of medicines &c. MW.
  192. भोक्तव्य (bhoktavya) (bhoktavya)
    mfn. to be enjoyed or eaten Ya1jn5. Ka1v. &c.
    to be used or employed Mn. viii, 144
    to be possessed or governed or ruled Ma1rkP.
    to be utilized or exploited MBh.
    to be fed (n. impers. `" a meal is to be eaten "') MBh. Hariv.  %{-tR} see p. 760, col. 1.
  193. भोग (bhoga) (bhoga)
    1 m. (1. %{bhuj}) any winding or curve, coil (of a serpent) RV. &c. &c.
    the expanded hood of a snake Hariv. Ka1m. Pan5cat.
    a partic. kind of military array Ka1m.
    a snake Suparn2.
    the body L.
  194. भोग (bhoga) (bhoga)
    1 m. (1. %{bhuj}) any winding or curve, coil (of a serpent) RV. &c. &c.
    the expanded hood of a snake Hariv. Ka1m. Pan5cat.
    a partic. kind of military array Ka1m.
    a snake Suparn2.
    the body L.
  195. भोगिन् (bhogin) (bhogin)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see col. 3) furnished with windings or curves or rings, curved, ringed (as a serpent) R. BhP. &c.
    m. a serpent or sserpent-demon MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a kind of shrub
    (%{inI}) f. a serpent nymph R. 2 mfn. (for 1. see col. 2) enjoying, eating Ma1rkP. Prasan3g.
    having or offering enjoyments, devoted to enjenjoyments, wealthy, opulent MBh. Ya1jn5. Var. &c.
    suffering, experiencing, undergoing Kap.
    using, possessing MW.
    m. a voluptuary MW.
    a king
    the head man of a village
    a barber
    = %{vaiyAvRtti-kara} (?)
    a person who accumulates money for a partic. expenditure W.
    N. of a prince VP.
    (%{inI}) f. a kind of heroine Bhar.
    the concubine of a king or a wife not regularly consecrated with him
  196. भोगिन् (bhogin) (bhogin)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see col. 3) furnished with windings or curves or rings, curved, ringed (as a serpent) R. BhP. &c.
    m. a serpent or sserpent-demon MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a kind of shrub
    (%{inI}) f. a serpent nymph R. 2 mfn. (for 1. see col. 2) enjoying, eating Ma1rkP. Prasan3g.
    having or offering enjoyments, devoted to enjenjoyments, wealthy, opulent MBh. Ya1jn5. Var. &c.
    suffering, experiencing, undergoing Kap.
    using, possessing MW.
    m. a voluptuary MW.
    a king
    the head man of a village
    a barber
    = %{vaiyAvRtti-kara} (?)
    a person who accumulates money for a partic. expenditure W.
    N. of a prince VP.
    (%{inI}) f. a kind of heroine Bhar.
    the concubine of a king or a wife not regularly consecrated with him
  197. भोज (bhoja) (bhoja)
    mfn. bestowing enjoyment, bountiful, liberal RV.
    enjoying, leading a life of enjoyment BhP.
    m. a king with uncommon qualities AitBr.
    (pl.) N. of a country (near the Vindhya mountain) or of a people (the descendants of Maha1-bhoja) MBh. Hariv. Pur. &c.
    a king of the Bhojas MBh.
    N. of Bhoja-deva (q.v.) Das3. Sa1h. Ra1jat.
    of various kings and other men Hariv. Ragh. &c.
    = %{bhoja-kaTa} q.v.
    (%{A}) f. a princess of the Bhojas MBh. Hariv. (v.l. %{bhojyA})
    N. of the wife of Vira-vrata BhP.
    a cowherd MW.
  198. भोजन (bhojana) (bhojana)
    mf(%{I})n. feeding, giving to eat (said of S3iva) MBh.
    voracious R.
    m. N. of a mountain BhP.
    n. the act of enjoying, using RV.
    the act of eating (exceptionally with acc. of object) RV. &c. &c.
    a meal, food ib. (ifc. f. %{A}, feeding on "', `" affording anything as food "', `" serving as food for "'
    %{tridvy-eka-bh-} mfn. `" taking food every 3rd day, every 2nd day and every day "')
    anything enjoyed or used, property, possessionNaigh.
    enjoyment, any object of enjenjoyment or the pleasure caused by it RV.
    (fr. Caus.) the act of giving to eat, feeding Gr2S3rS. R. Mn. (v.l.)
    dressing food, cooking Nal.
  199. भोजपुर (bhojapura) (bhojapura)
    n. (L.) and f. (Cat.) N. of towns.
  200. भोजिन् (bhojin) (bhojin)
    mfn. (ifc.) enjoying, eating La1t2y. Mn. MBh. &c.
    using, possessing MW.
    exploiting MBh. (cf. %{a-zrAddha-bh-}, %{griha-bh-}, %{bhujaMgabh-}, %{saha-bh-}).
  201. भोज्य (bhojya) (bhojya)
    see p. 767. mfn. to be enjoyed or eaten, eatable, what is enjoyed or eaten, (esp.) what may be eaten without mastication Bhpr. MaitrUp. MBh. Ya1jn5. &c.
    to be enjoyed or used MBh. Ba1lar. &c.
    to be enjoyed sexually Ra1jat.
    to be enjoyed or felt MBh. Hariv.
    to be suffered or experienced MW.
    to be fed, one to whom food must be given MBh.
    (fr. Caus.) to be made to eat, to be fed MBh. Mn. Kull.
    m. pl. N. of a people Ma1rkP. (prob. w.r. for %{bhoja})
    (%{A}) f. a procuress Gal.
    a princess of the Bhojas MBh. Hariv. Ragh. BhP. (cf. %{bhojA})
    n. anything to be enjoyed or eaten, nourishment, food MBh. R. &c.
    the act of eating, a meal MBh. Mn.
    a festive dinner
    a dainty MW.
    a feast a store of provisions, eatables ib., enjoyment, advantage, profit RV.
  202. भोज्यान्न (bhojyānna) (bhojyānna)
    mfn. one whose food may be eaten Mn. iv, 253.
  203. भोट (bhoṭa) (bhoṭa)
    m. N. of a country, Bhot2a Tibet S3atr. (cf. %{mahA-bh-} and MWB. 261).
  204. भउत्य (bhautya) (bhautya)
    m. (fr. %{bhUti}) N. of a Manu Hariv.
    mf(%{I})n. relating to him Ma1rkP.
  205. भउम (bhauma) (bhauma)
    mf(%{I})n. relating or dedicated to the earth, produced or coming from the earth, earthly, terrestrial VS. &c. &c. (with %{naraka} m. = hell on earth MBh.
    with %{brahman} n. = the Veda ib.)
    consisting or made of earth, earthy Pan5cavBr. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c.
    coming from the land (as revenue &c.)
    (fr. %{bhauma}, the planet Mars) relating to the plplanet Mars or to his day, falling on Tuesday Vet.
    m. a red-flowering Punar-nava1
    = %{ambara}
    N. of the 27th Muhu1rta
    metron. of a partic. earth-deity Gr2S.
    of Atri RAnukr.
    of the Daitya Naraka MBh.
    of the planet Mars (whose day is Tuesday) ib. Var. Pur. &c.
    m. or n. N. of AV. xii, 1
    (%{I}) f. `" produced from the earth "'N. of Sita1
    n. dust of the earth (pl.) MBh.
    corn, grain A1past.
    (only ifc.) floor, story MBh. R.
  206. भ्रंश (bhraṁśa) (bhraṃśa)
    m. falling or slipping down or off Ka1lid.
    decline, decay. ruin Ka1m. Var. (%{deza-bh-}, ruin of a country)
    disappearance, loss, cessation MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    straying or deviating from, abandonment of (abl. or comp.), deprivation of (comp.) ib.
    (in dram.) a slip of the tongue (due to excitement) Sa1h.
  207. भ्रम (bhrama) (bhrama)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) wandering or roaming about, roving over or through (comp.) Katha1s.
    moving about, rolling (as of the eyes) Ra1jat.
    turning round, revolving, rotation (acc. with %{dA} = to swing) MBh. Su1ryas. Hcat.
    a whirling flame RV.
    a whirlpool, eddy Prab.
    a spring, fountain, watercourse
    a potter's wheel Sa1m2khyak.
    (v.l. %{-mi}), a grindstone (see comp.)
    a gimlet or auger
    a circle A1ryabh.
    giddiness, dizziness Sus3r.
    confusion, perplexity, error, mistake (ifc. mistaking anything for) Hariv. Ka1v. Ra1jat. &c.
    (%{At}) ind. by an error or mistake Gi1t.
  208. भ्रमर (bhramara) (bhramara)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) a large black bee, a kind of humble bee, any bee MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a gallant, libertine
    a young man, lad (= %{baTu})
    a potter's wheel
    a partic. position of the hand Cat.
    N. of a man MBh.
    (pl.) of a people VP.: (%{A}) f. a kind of creeper
    (%{I}) f. a bee Ka1lid.
    a sort of game(cf. %{bhramaNI})
    a species of Oldenlandia
    a species of creeper
    N. of an Apsaras Ba1lar.
  209. भ्रष्ट (bhraṣṭa) (bhraṣṭa)
    mfn. fallen, dropped, fallen down or from or off (abl. or comp.) AV. &c. &c.
    (with or scil. %{divaH}), fallen from the sky i.e. banished to the earth Katha1s. S3ukas.
    broken down, decayed, ruined, disappeared, lost, gone MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    fled or escaped from, rid of (abl.) Katha1s.
    strayed or separated from, deprived of (abl. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    depraved, vicious, a backslider W.
    (%{A}) f. a fallen or unchaste woman MW.
  210. भ्रातृ (bhrātṛ) (bhrātṛ)
    m. (connection with %{bhR} doubtful) a brother (often used to designate a near relative or an intimate friend, esp. as a term of friendly address) RV. &c. &c.
    du. brother and sister Pa1n2. 1-2, 68. [Cf. Zd. {bra1tar}
    Gk. $ &c.
    Lat. &234074[770,2] {frater}
    Lith. {broter-e7lis}
    Slav. {bratru7}
    Goth. {brothar}
    Germ. {bruoder}, {Bruder}
    Eng. {brother}.]
  211. भ्रात्रीय (bhrātrīya) (bhrātrīya)
    m. a (father's) brother's son, nephew Pa1n2. 4-1, 144
    mfn. fraternal, belonging or relating to a brother W.
  212. भ्रान्त (bhrānta) (bhrānta)
    mfn. wandering or roaming about MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    having wandered about or through (with acc.) Katha1s.
    wandered about or through (n. impers. with instr., `" it has been wandering about by "') S3a1rn3gP. Katha1s.
    moving about unsteadily, rolling, reeling, whirling MBh. Ka1v.
    perplexed, confused, being in doubt or error ib.
    m. an elephant in rut
    a species of thorn-apple
    n. roaming about, moving to and fro Ka1v. Pan5cat. Sus3r.
    a partic. mode of fighting Hariv.
    error, mistake Ca1n2. %{bhrAnti}, %{bhrAma} &c. see under %{bhram}, col. 1.
  213. भ्रान्ति (bhrānti) (bhrānti)
    f. wandering or roaming about, moving to and fro, driving (of clouds), quivering (of lightning), staggering, reeling Ka1v. Ka1m.
    turning round, rolling (of wheels) Vikr.
    (ifc.) moving round, circumambulating Ratna7v.
    perplexity, confusion, doubt, error, false opinion (ifc., false impression of, mistaking something for, supposing anything to be or to exist) Ka1v. Katha1s. Pur. &c.
  214. भ्रुकुटी (bhrukuṭī) (bhrukuṭī)
    f. = %{bhrU-kuTi} (also %{-ti-bandha}, %{-Ti-racanA} &c.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    %{-TI-kRt} mfn. contracting the brows MBh.
    %{-TImukha} n. and mfn. = %{bhrU-kuTI-m-}
    m. (also) a kind of snake Sus3r.
  215. भ्रू (bhrū) (bhrū)
    f. (accord. to Un2. ii, 68 fr. %{bhram}) an eyebrow, the brow RV. &c. &c. (ifc. m. %{U8} n. %{u}
    also %{-bhrUka}). [Cf Gk. $
    Slav. {bru8vi8}
    Angl. Sax. &234182[770,3] %{bru}
    Eng. {brow}.]
  216. मकर (makara) (makara)
    m. a kind of sea-monster (sometimes confounded with the crocodile, shark, dolphin &c.
    regarded as the emblem of Ka1ma-deva [cf. %{mokara-ketana} &c. below] or as a symbol of the 9th Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i1
    represented as an ornament on gates or on head-dresses) VS. &c. &c.
    a partic. species of insect or other small animal Sus3r.
    N. of the 10th sign of the zodiac (Capricornus) Su1ryas. Var. &c.
    the 10th arc of 30 degrees in any circle
    an army of troops in the form of a MMa4kara Mn. vii, 187
    an ear-ring shaped like a MMa4kara BhP. (cf. %{makara-kuNDala})
    the hands folded in the form of a MMa4kara Cat.
    one of the 9 treasures of Kubera
    one of the 8 magical treasures called Padmini1 Ma1rkP.
    a partic. magical spell recited over weapons R.
    N. of a mountain BhP.
    (%{I}) f. the female of the sea-monster MMa4kara Pan5cat.
    N. of a river MBh.
  217. मकरकेतन (makaraketana) (makaraketana)
  218. मकरन्द (makaranda) (makaranda)
    m. the juice of flowers, honey Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    a species of jasmine
    a fragrant species of mango
    a bee
    the Indian cuckoo
    (in music) a kind of measure Sam2gi1t.
    N. of a man Ma1lati1m.
    of various authors and wks.
    n. a filament (esp. of the lotus-flower)
    N. of a pleasure-garden Katha1s.
  219. मकार (makāra) (makāra)
    m. the letter or sound %{ma} S3a1n3khBr. AV.Paris3 &c.
    %{-paJcaka} n. = %{paJca-makAra} W.
    %{-rA7di-sahasranAman} n. N. of ch. of the Rudra-ya1mala (containing 1000 names of Ra1ma beginning with %{m}). m. the foot called molossus
    %{-vipulA} f. N. of a metre Pin3g. Sch.
  220. मक्षिका (makṣikā) (makṣikā)
    f. (m. c. also %{-ka}, m.) a fly, bee RV. &c. &c. [772,1]
  221. मख (makha) (makha)
    1 mfn. (prob. connected with 1. %{mah} or %{maMh}) jocund, cheerful, sprightly, vigorous, active, restless (said of the Maruts and other gods) RV. Br.
    m. a feast, festival, any occasion of joy or festivity RV. S3a1n3khGr2.
    a sacrifice, sacrificial oblation S3Br. &c. &c. (Naigh. iii, 17)
    (prob.) N. of a mythical being (esp. in %{makhasya@ziraH}, `" Makha's head "') RV. VS. S3Br. (cf. also comp.)
  222. मगध (magadha) (magadha)
    m. the country of the Magadhas, South Beha1r (pl. the people of that country) AV. &c. &c.
    a minstrel who sings the praises of a chief's ancestry
    (%{A}) f. the town of the MMagadhas
    long pepper Sus3r.
  223. मग्न (magna) (magna)
    Set %{majj}. mfn. sunk, plunged, immersed in (loc. or comp.) Ka1tyS3r. Mn. MBh. &c.
    set (as the moon) R.
    sunk into misfortune ib.
    (ifc.) slipped into, lurking in Ragh.
    sunken, flat (as breasts or a nose) Hariv. R. Sus3r.
    m. N. of a mountain Buddh.
  224. मघ (magha) (magha)
    m. ( %{maMh}) a gift, reward, bounty RV.
    wealth, power ib.
    a kind of flower
    a partic. drug or medicine (also %{A} f.)
    N. of a Dvi1pa (s.v.)
    of a country of the Mlecchas
    (%{A4}) f. (also pl.) N. of the soth or 15th Nakshatra (sometimes regarded as a wife of the Moon) AV. &c. &c.
    N. of the wife of S3iva
    (%{I}, or %{A}) f. a species of grain L.
  225. मघवत् (maghavat) (maghavat)
    mfn. see next.
  226. मङ्कणक (maṅkaṇaka) (maṅkaṇaka)
    m. N. of a R2ishi MBh.
    of a Yaksha ib. (B. %{macakruka}).
  227. मङ्गल (maṅgala) (maṅgala)
    n. (accord. to Un2. v, 70 fr. %{maGg}) happiness, felicity, welfare, bliss (also pl.
    ifc. f. %{A}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    anything auspicious or tending to a lucky issue (e.g. a good omen, a prayer, benediction, auspicious ornament or amulet, a festival or any solemn ceremony on important occasions &c.
    cf. mfn. below) Kaus3. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a good old custom Pa1rGr2. Mn.
    a good work MBh. BhP.
    (in music) a partic. composition Sam2gi1t.
    N. of the capital of Udya1na Buddh.
    m. N. of Agni Gr2ihya1s.
    of the planet Mars
    of a king belonging to the race of Manu Cat.
    of a Buddha Lalit.
    of a poet Cat.
    of a chief of the Ca1lukyas ib.
    the smell of jasmine
    (%{A}) f. the white- and blue-flowering Du1rva1 grass
    a sort of Karan5ja
    turmeric
    a faithful wife
    N. of Uma1 Hcat.
    of Dakshsyan2i (as worshipped in Gaya1) Cat.
    of the mother of the 5th Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i1.
    (%{I}) f. g. %{gaurA7di}
    mf(%{A})n. auspicious, lucky Hcat.
    having the scent of jasmine L.
  228. मङ्गलिक (maṅgalika) (maṅgalika)
    (prob. n.) pl. (perhaps) N. of the hymns of the 18th Ka1n2d2a of the Atharva-veda AV. xix, 23, 28.
  229. मङ्गल्य (maṅgalya) (maṅgalya)
    mf(%{A})n. auspicious, lucky, conferring happiness Kaus3. Mn. MBh. &c.
    beautiful, pleasing, agreeable MW.
    pious, pure, holy, Uttarar m. Cicer Lens Sus3r.
    Aegle Marmelos Sa1h.
    Ficus Religiosa
    Ficus Heterophylla(correctly %{maGga4lA7rhA})
    the cocoa-nut tree, I.
    Feronia Elephantum
    a species of Karan5ja
    = %{jIvaka}
    N. of a serpent demon Buddh.
    (%{A}) f. (only L.) a species of fragrant sandal
    Anethum Sowa
    Mimosa Suma
    Terminalia Chebula
    Andropogon Acicuilatus
    Curcuma Longa
    a partic. bulb (%{Rddhi})
    Du1rva1 grass
    = %{adhaH-puSpI}
    = %{jIvantI}
    = %{priyaGgu}
    = %{mAtha-parNI}
    Acorus Calamus
    N. of a paric. yellow pigment (= %{go-rocanA}) Bhpr.
    a partic. resin
    N. of Durga1 Devi1P.
    n. an auspicious prayer Ma1rkP.
    any auspauspicious thing Gaut. Sus3r.
    Var, (sg. collectively Hcat.)
    bathing with the juice of all medicinal plants
    water brought from various sacred places for the consecration of a king &c. MW. [773,2]
    sour curds
    sandal wood
    a kind of Agallochum
    gold
    red lead L.
  230. मज्जन् (majjan) (majjan)
    m. (lit, `" sunk or seated within) the marrow of bones (also applied to the pith of plants) RV. &c. &c. (according to S3Br. &c. one of the 5 elements or essential ingredients of the body [773,3]
    in the later medical system that element which is produced from the bones and itself produces semen Sus3r.)
    scurf. Kull. on Mn. v, 135. [Cf. Zd. {mazga}
    Slav. {mozgu1}
    Germ. {marg}, {marag}, {Mark}
    Angl. Sax. {mearg}
    Eng. {marrow}.]
  231. मज्जन (majjana) (majjana)
    m. N. of a demon causing sickness or fever Hariv.
    of one of Siva's attendants
    n. sinking (esp. under water), diving, immersion, bathing, ablution Gr2S3rS. MBh. &c.
    (with %{niraye}), sinking into hell MBh.
    drowning, overwhelming ib.
    = %{majjan}, marrow L.
  232. मञ्जरी (mañjarī) (mañjarī)
    f. a cluster of blossoms MBh. Ka1v. &c. (also %{-ri}
    often at the end of titles of wks. cf. %{pradIpa-m-} &c.)
    a flower, bud Ka1v. (also %{-ri})
    a shoot, shout, sprig ib. (also %{-ri})
    foliage (as an ornament on buildings) Va1stuv.
    a parallel line or row Gi1t. Sa1h.
    a pearl
    N. of various plants (= %{tilakA}, %{latA}, or holy basil L.)
    of 2 metres Col.
    of various wks.
  233. मञ्जु (mañju) (mañju)
    mfn. beautiful, lovely, charming, pleasant, sweet MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    m. (with %{bhaTTa}) N. of a Sch. on Amara-kos3a.
  234. मञ्जिष्ठ (mañjiṣṭha) (mañjiṣṭha)
    mf(%{A})n. (superl. of %{maJju}) very bright, bright red (as the Indian madder) MBh. (perhaps w.r. for %{mAJjiSTha})
    (%{A}) f. see next.
  235. मञ्जीर (mañjīra) (mañjīra)
    m. n. (ifc. f. %{A}) a foot-ornament, anklet Ka1v. Pur.
    m. N. of a poet Cat.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river
    n. a post round which the string of the churning-stick passes
    a kind of metre Col.
  236. मञ्जुश्री (mañjuśrī) (mañjuśrī)
    m. N. of one of the most celebrated Bodhisattvas among the northern Buddhists MWB. 195 &c.
    %{paripRcchA} f. N. of wk.
    %{-parvata} m. N. of a mountain SaddhP.
    %{-buddha-kSetra-guNavyUha} m. %{-mUla@tantra} n. %{-vikrIDita}, n. %{-vihAra} m. N. of wks.
  237. मञ्जूषा (mañjūṣā) (mañjūṣā)
    f. (L., also %{maJjuSA}) a box, chest, case, basket MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    receptacle of or for (often ifc., rarely ibc. in titles of wks.
    also N. of various wks. and sometimes abridged for the fuller names, e.g. for %{dhAtu-nyAya-m-} &c.)
    Rubia Munjista Bhpr.
    a stone L.
  238. मठ (maṭha) (maṭha)
    m. n. (g. %{ardharcA7di}
    %{I} f. g. %{gaurA7di}) a hut, cottage, (esp.) the retired hut (or cell) of an ascetic (or student) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a cloister, college (esp. for young Bra1hmans), temple ib.
    m. a cart or carriage drawn by oxen L.
  239. मणि (maṇi) (maṇi)
    m. (%{i} f. only
    %{I} f. Sin6ha7s.
    %{maNI7va} = %{maNI} [du.] %{iva} Naish.) a jewel, gem, pearl (also fig.), any ornament or amulet, globule, crystal RV. &c. &c.
    a magnet, loadstone Kap.
    glans penis Sus3r.
    N. of the jewel-lotus prayer MWB. 37 2
    clitoris
    the hump (of a camel) MBh.
    the dependent fleshy excrescences on a goat's neck VarBr2S.
    thyroid cartilage(cf. %{kaNTha-m-})
    the wrist (= %{mmaNi4-bandha})
    a large water-jar
    N. of a Na1ga MBh.
    of a companion of Skanda (associated with Su-man2i) ib.
    of a sage ib.
    of a son of Yuyudha1na ib. (in Hariv. v.l. %{tUNi})
    of a king of the Kim-n2aras, Ka1ran2d.
    of various wks. and a collection of magical formulas (also abridged for Tattva-cinta1man2i and Siddha7nta-s3iroman2i). [Cf. Gk. &235359[774,3] $, $
    Lat. {monile}
    Germ. {mane}, {Ma1hne}
    Eng. {mane}.]
  240. मणिक (maṇika) (maṇika)
    m. a jewel, gem, precious stone MW.
    (ifc. f: %{A}) a water-jar or pitcher AdbhBr. Gr2S. Ka1tyS3r. Sch. MBh.
    pl. (accord. to Sa1y.) globular formations of flesh on an animal's shoulder AitBr.
  241. मणिग्रीव (maṇigrīva) (maṇigrīva)
    mfn. `" jewel. necked "', wearing a necklace RV. i, 122, 14
    m. N. of a son of Kubera L.
  242. मणिमत् (maṇimat) (maṇimat)
    mfn. adorned with jjewel, jewelled BhP.
    m. the sun MW.
    N. of a Yaksha MBh.
    of a servant of S3iva BhP.
    of a Rakshas MBh.
    of a Na1ga ib.
    of a king (who was Vr2itra in a former birth) ib.
    of a mountain ib. R. Var.
    of a Tirtha MBh. (%{atI}) f. N. of a town of the Daityas MBh. Hariv.
    of a river W.
  243. मणिराग (maṇirāga) (maṇirāga)
    mfn. having the colour of a jewel
    m. the colour of a jjewel Var.
    a kind of metre
    n. vermilion
    a kind of ruby L.
  244. मण्ड (maṇḍa) (maṇḍa)
    m. n. (ifc. f. %{A}) the scum of boiled rice (or any grain) Nir. Uttarar. Sus3r.
    the thick part of milk, cream, S3veUp. MBh. &c. (cf. %{dadhi-m-})
    the spirituous part of wine &c. Hariv. R. (W. also `" foam or froth
    pith, essence
    the head "')
    m. (only L.) Ricinus Communis
    a species of potherb
    a frog (cf. %{maNDUka})
    ornament, decoration
    a measure of weight (= 5 Ma1shas)
    (%{A}) f. the emblic myrobalan tree
    spirituous or vinous liquor, brandy
    n. see %{nau-maNDa4}.
  245. मण्डक (maṇḍaka) (maṇḍaka)
    (ifc., with f. %{ikA}), rice-gruel, Hativ.
    m. a sort of pastry or baked flour Pan5cat. S3ukas. Bhpr. (cf. %{maNThaka})
    a partic. musical air Sam2gi1t. (cf. id.)
    pl. N. of a people VP. (cf. %{mandaka}).
  246. मण्डन (maṇḍana) (maṇḍana)
    mfn. adorning, being an ornament to (gen.) Ka1v. Pur.
    m. N. of various authors and other men (also with %{kavi}, %{bhaTTa}, %{mizra} &c.) Cat.
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) adorning, ornament, decoration MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  247. मण्डप (maṇḍapa) (maṇḍapa)
    mfn. (Un2. iii, 145 Sch.) drinking the scum of boiled rice or of any liquor Pan5car.
    m. n. (g. %{ardharcA7di}also %{I}, f.
    cf. %{maNTapI}) an open hall or temporary shed (erected on festive occasions), pavilion, tent, temple
    (ifc. with names of plants) arbour, bower Hariv. Ka1v. &c.
    m. N. of a man Cat.
    (%{A}) f. a sort of leguminous plant (= %{niSpAvI})
    %{-pakSetra} n. N. of a sacred district Katha1s.
    %{-pa-druma} m. %{-pa-nirNaya} m. %{-pa-pUjA-vidhi} m. N. of, vks.
    %{-pa-pratiSThA} f. the consecration of a temple MW.
    %{--pA7roha} m. a species of plant
    %{-pikA} f. a small pavilion, an open hall or shed Ka1d. Ba1lar. see under %{maNDa} above.
  248. मण्डल (maṇḍala) (maṇḍala)
    mf(%{A})n. circular, round VarBr2S.
    n. (rarely m. g. %{ardharcA7di}, and f. %{I} g. %{ganrA7di}) a disk (esp. of the sun or moon)
    anything round (but in Hcat. also applied to anything triangular
    cf. %{maNDalaka})
    a circle (instr. `" in a circle "'
    also `" the charmed ccircle of a conjuror "'), globe, orb, ring, circumference, ball, wheel S3Br. &c. &c.
    the path or orbit of a heavenly body Su1ryas.
    a halo round the sun or moon VarBr2S.
    a ball for playing MBh.
    a circular bandage (in surgery) Sus3r.
    (also n. pl.) a sort of cutaneous eruption or leprosy with circular spot ib.
    a round mole or mark (caused by a finger-nail &c.) on the body La1t2y. Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    a circular array of troops MBh. Ka1m.
    a partic. attitude in shooting
    a district, arrondissement, territory, province, country (often at the end of modern names e.g. Coro-mandal coast) Inscr. AV.Paris3. MBh. &c.
    a surrounding district or neighbouring state, the circle of a king's near and distant neighbours (with whom he must maintain political and diplomatic relations
    4 or 6 or 10 or even 12 such neighbouring princes are enumerated) Mn. (esp. vii, 154 &c.) Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    a multitude, group, band, collection, whole body, society, company Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a division or book of the R2ig-veda (of which there are 10, according to the authorship of the hymns
    these are divided into 85 Anuva1kas or lessons, and these agan into 1017, or with the 11 additional hymns into 1028 Su7ktas or hymns
    the other more mechanical division, is into Asht2akas, Adhya1yas and Vargas q.v.) RPra1t. Br2ih. &c.
    m. a dog
    a kind of snake
    (%{I}) f. Panicum Dactylon
    Cocculus Cordifolius Bhpr.
    n. Unguis Odoratus
    a partic. oblation or sacrifice L.
  249. मण्डु (maṇḍu) (maṇḍu)
    m. N. of a Rishi S3a1n3khGr2. (cf. g. %{gargA7di} and %{mANDavya}).
  250. मण्डूक (maṇḍūka) (maṇḍūka)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) a frog RV. &c. &c.
    N. of a partic. breed of horses MBh.
    Calosanthes Indica
    a machine like a frog
    the sole of a horse's hoof.
    N. of a R2ishi Pa1n2. 4-1, 119
    of a Na1ga
    (%{I4}) f. a female frog, KV.
    N. of various plants (Hydrocotyle Asiatica, Clerodendrum Siphonantus, Ruta Graveolens &c.)
    a wauton woman
    the sole of a horse's hoof
    n. a kind of coitus L.
  251. मत (mata) (mata)
    %{mataM-ga} &c. see under %{man}, p. 783, col. 1.
  252. मति (mati) (mati)
    &c. see p. 783, col. 2.
  253. मातामह (mātāmaha) (mātāmaha)
    m. (Pa1n2. 4-2, 35 Va1rtt. 2 Pat.) a maternal grandfather MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (du.) matmaternal grandparents Pa1rGr2.
    (pl.) a mother's father, grandfather, and ancestors Ya1jn5.
    (%{I}) f. (Pa1n2. 4-2, 36 Va1rtt. 3 Pat.) a matmaternal grandmother Mn. ix, 193
    mf(%{I})n. related or belonging to a matmaternal grandfather R. Hariv. (also %{-hIya} mfn. Hariv. Sch.)
  254. मतिमत् (matimat) (matimat)
    mfn. clever, intelligent, wise MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    m. N. of a son of Janam-ejaya Hariv.
  255. मत्कुण (matkuṇa) (matkuṇa)
    m. a bug Ka1v. Pur. Sus3r. (%{tva} n. Sis3.)
    a beardless man
    an elephant without tusks or of small stature
    a buffalo
    a cocoa-nut
    (%{A}) f. pudendum (of a young girl = %{ajAta-loma-bhaga})
    N. of a river VP.
    n. armour for the thighs or legs, greaves L.
  256. मत्त (matta) (matta)
    &c. see p. 77, col. 3.
  257. मत्सर (matsara) (matsara)
    (prob. fr. 2. %{mad}
    cf. Un2 iii, 73), exhilarating, intoxicating RV.
    cheerful, joyous, gay ib.
    selfish, greedy, envious, jealous, hostile, wicked Ka1v.
    m. the exhilarater, gladdener (Soma) RV.
    selfishness, envy, jealousy, hostility MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    wrath, anger ib.
    passion for (loc. or comp.) MBh. Hariv.
    N. of a Sa1dhya Hariv.
    (also %{A} f.) a fly, mosquito
    (%{I}) f. (in music) a partic. Mu1rchana1 Sam2gi1t.
  258. मत्सरिन् (matsarin) (matsarin)
    mfn. exhilarating, intoxicating RV. (superl. %{-rIn-tama})
    jealous, envious, wicked, bad Mn. MBh. &c.
    addicted to, fond of (loc.) R. (cf. %{a-m-})
    m. an enemy Harav. [776,3]
  259. मत्स्य (matsya) (matsya)
    m. (cf. %{matsa} and %{maccha}) a fish RV. &c. &c. (personified as a prince with the patr. %{sAmmada} S3Br.)
    a partic. species of ffish
    (in astron.) the figure of a ffigure (= %{timi}) Su1ryas.
    a partic. luminous appearance VarBr2S.
    (du.) the 12th sign of the zodiac (Pisces) Jyot.
    a partic. figure (= %{svastikamadhyA7kRti}) Hcat.
    (pl.) N. of a people and country (which accord. to Mn. ii, 19 forms part of Brahmarshi) RV. &c.&c.
    a king of the Matsyas (cf. %{matsa})
    N. of Vira1t2a (as having been found by fishermen, along with his sister Matsya1 or Satya-vati1, in the body of the Apsaras Adrika1, metamorphosed into a fish) MBh.
    N. of a pupil of Deva-mitra S3skalya Cat.
    (%{A}) f. a female fish Un2. iv, 104 Sch.
    N. of the sister of king Vira1t2a (cf. above) MBh.
    (%{I}) f. see %{matsa} and g. %{gaurA7di}.
  260. मत्स्यगन्ध (matsyagandha) (matsyagandha)
    mf(%{A})n. having the smell of ffish MBh.
    m. (pl.) N. of a race Sam2ska1rak.
    (%{A}) f. N. of Satya-vati1 (mother of vyasa, also called Mina-gandha
    see %{matsya} above) MBh.
    Commelina Salicifolia L.
  261. मत्स्याद् (matsyād) (matsyād)
    mfn. `" fish-eating "', feeding on fish L.
  262. मथन (mathana) (mathana)
    mf(%{I}, once %{A})n. rubbing, stirring, shaking, harassing, destroying (with gen. or ifc.) MBh. R. &c.
    m. Premna Spinosa (the wood of which is used to produce fire by attrition)
    n. the act of rubbing, friction BhP.
    stirring or whirling round, churning or producing by churning MBh. R. Pur.
    hurting, annoying, injury, destruction R. Ratna7v.
  263. मथ् (math) (math)
    1 or %{manth} (q.v.) cl. 1. 9. P. (Dha1tup. xx, 18, iii, 5 and xxxi, 40) %{mA7thati}, %{ma4nthati}, %{mathnA4ti} (Ved. and ep. also A1. %{ma4thate}, %{ma4nthate} and %{mathnIte}
    Impv. %{mathnadhvam} MBh.
    pf. %{mamAtha} AV.
    3. pl. %{mamathuH} Vop.
    %{methuH}, %{methire} Br.
    %{mamantha}, %{-nthuH} MBh.
    aor. %{mathIt} RV.
    %{amanthiSTAm} ib.
    %{amathiSata} Br.
    fut. %{mathiSyati}, %{-te} %{manthiSyati} Br. &c.
    %{mathitA} MBh.
    inf. %{mathitum} MBh. &c.
    %{-tos} Br.
    %{ma4nthitavai4} MaitrS.
    ind. p. %{mathitvA4}, %{-ma4thya} Br. &c.
    %{manthitvA}, PIn2. i, 2, 33
    %{-manthya} and %{-mAtham} n. MBh. &c.). to stir or whirl round RV. &c. &c.
    (with %{agnim}), to produce fire by rapidly whirling round or rotating a dry stick (%{araNi}) in another dry stick prepared to receive it ib.
    (with %{araNim}), to rotate the stick for producing fire MBh. Ka1v. Pur.
    (with %{Urum}, %{hastam} &c.), to use friction upon any part of the body with the object of producing offspring from it Hariv. BhP.
    to churn (milk into butter), produce by churning TS. &c. &c. (also with two acc. e.g. %{sudhAM} %{kSIra-nidhim@mathnAti}, `" he churns nectar out of the ocean of milk "' Siddh. on Pa1n2. 1-4, 51)
    to mix, mingle Sus3r.
    to stir up, shake, agitate, trouble disturb, afflict, distress, hurt, destroy AV. &c. &c.: Pass. %{mathya4te} (ep. also %{-ti}), to be stirred up or churned &c. RV. &c. &c.: Caus. %{manthayati} (La1t2y.), %{mA8thayati} (MBh.), to cause to be stirred up or churned &c.: Desid. %{mimathiSati}, %{mimanthiSati} Gr.: Intens. %{mAmathyate}, %{mAmantti} &c. ib. [Cf. Gk. $
    Lat. {mentha}, {menta}
    Lit. {mentu4re}
    Germ. &236068[777,1] {minza}, {Minze}
    Angl. Sax. {minte}
    Eng. {mint}.] 2 (ifc.) detroying, a destroyer (cf. %{madhumath})
    m. see %{mathin}.
  264. मथुरा (mathurā) (mathurā)
    f. N. of various towns (esp. of an ancient town now called Muttra and held in great honour as the birthplace of Kr2ishn2a
    situated in the province of Agra on the right bank of the Yamuna1 or Jumns
    described in VP. xii, 1 as having been founded by S3atru-ghna
    accord. to Kull. on Mn. ii, 19 it forms part of a district called Brahmarshi, belonging to S3u1ra-sena) AV.Paris3. Hariv. Pur. &c.
  265. मद (mada) (mada)
    m. hilarity, rapture, excitement, inspiration, intoxication RV. &c. &c.
    (du. wite %{madasya}N. of 2 Sa1mans A1rshBr.)
    ardent passion for (comp.) MBh.
    (ifc. f. %{A}) sexual desire or enjoyment, wantonness, lust, ruttishness, rut (esp. of an elephant) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (ifc. f. %{A}), pride, arrogance, presumption, conceit of or about (gen. or comp.) ib.
    any exhilarating or intoxicating drink, spirituous liquor, wine, Soma RV. &c. &c,
    honey Ragh.
    the fluid or juice that exudes from a rutting elephant's temples MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    semen virile
    musk
    any beautiful object
    a river
    N. of the 7th astrol. mansion Var.
    Intoxication or Insanity personified (as a monster created by Cyavana) MBh.
    N. of a son of Brahma1 VP.
    of a Da1nava Hariv.
    of a servant of S3iva BhP.
    (%{I}) f. any agricultural implement (as a plough &c.)
    n. N. of 2 Sa1mans A1rshBr.
  266. मदन (madana) (madana)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) passion, love or the god of love MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a kind of embrace
    the season of spring
    a bee
    (?) bees-wax (see %{paTTikA})
    Vanguiera Spinosa Sus3r.
    a thorn-apple and various other plants (e.g. Phaseolus Radiatus, Acacia Catechu &c.)
    a bird
    (in music) a kind of measure Sam2gi1t.
    (in astrol.) N. of the 7th mansion Var.
    N. of various men and authors (also with %{AcArya}, %{bhaTTa}, %{sarasvatI} &c.
    cf. below) Ra1jat. Inscr. Cat.
    (%{A}) f. any intoxicating drink, spirituous liquor
    (%{I}) f. id.
    musk
    N. of a plant (= %{atimukta})
    the civet-cat
    n. the act of intoxicating or exhilarating MW.
    (scil. %{astra})N. of a mythical weapon R. (v.l. %{mAdana})
    bees-wax
    mfn. = %{mandra4} Nir.
  267. मदयित्नु (madayitnu) (madayitnu)
    m. `" intoxicating &c. "', (only L.) the god of love
    a distiller of spirituous liquor
    a drunken man
    a cloud
    m. n. spirituous liquor.
  268. मदिर (madira) (madira)
    mfn. = prec. RV. &c. &c.
    m. a species of red-flowering Khadiri
    (%{A}) f. see below.
  269. मदीय (madīya) (madīya)
    mfn. my, my own, belonging to me MBh. Ka1v. &c. see p. 777, col. 2.
  270. मद्गु (madgu) (madgu)
    m. (accord. to Un2. i, 7 fr. %{majj}) a, diver-bird (a kind of aquatic bird or cormorant
    cf. Lat. {mergus}) VS. &c. &c. (also %{-guka} R.)
    a species of wild animal frequenting the boughs of trees (= %{parNa-mRga}) Sus3r.
    a kind of snake
    a partic. fish Ni1lak.
    a kind of galley or vessel of war Das3.
    a partic. mixed caste Mn. x, 48 (the son of a Nisht2ya and a Varut2i1, a Ma1hishya who knows medicine, or a Pa1ra-dhenuka who proclaims orders L.)
    a person who kills wild beasts(cf. Mn. x, 48)
    N. of a son of S3vaphalka Hariv.
  271. मद्य (madya) (madya)
    1 (for 2. see p. 779, col. 1) Nom. P. %{-yati} Pa1n2. 7-2, 98 Sch. 1. 2. see pp. 777 and 779.
  272. मद्र (madra) (madra)
    m. a country to the north-west of Hindu1stan proper, or a king (pl. the people) of this ccountry S3Br. &c. &c.
    N. of a son of S3ibi (the progenitor of the Madras) Pur.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a daughter of Raudra1s3va Hariv.
    (in music) a personification of the first Mu1rchana1 in the Ga1ndha1ra-gra1ma
    (%{I}) f. a princess of Madra Pa1n2. 4-1, 177. Sch.
    n. joy, happiness (%{madraM@tasya} or %{tasmai}, `" joy to him! "' cf. n. of %{bhadra}) Pa1n2. 2-3, 73.
  273. मद्वचन (madvacana) (madvacana)
    n. my word, my order
    (%{At}) ind. in my name, from me ib. -1. &c. see p. 777, col. 2.
  274. मधु (madhu) (madhu)
    mf(%{U8} or %{vI})n. (gen. n. Ved. %{ma4dhvas}, %{ma4dhos}, or %{ma4dhunas}
    instr. %{ma4dhvA}
    dat. %{ma4dhune}
    loc. %{ma4dhau}) sweet, delicious, pleasant, charming, delightful RV. TS.
    bitter or pungent
    m. N. of the first month of the year (= Caitra, March-April) S3Br. &c. &c.
    the season of spring Var. Ka1lid.
    Bassia Latifolia
    Jonesia Asoka
    liquorice
    N. of S3iva MBh.
    of two Asuras (the one killed by Vishn2u, the other by S3atru-ghna) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of one of the 7 sages under Manu Ca1kshusha Ma1rkP.
    of a son of the third Manu Hariv.
    of various princes (of a son of Vr2isha, of Deva-kshatra, of Bindu-mat, of Arjuna Ka1rtavirya) Hariv. Pur.
    of a son of Bhat2t2a-na1ra1yan2a, Kshitti7s of a teacher (= %{madhva} or %{ananda-tIrtha}) Col.
    of a mountain Ma1rkP.
    (pl.) the race of Madhu (= the Ya1davas or Ma1thuras) MBh. Hariv. BhP.
    (%{u}) f. a partic. plant (= %{jIvA} or %{jIvantI})
    n. anything sweet (esp. if liquid), mead &c.TBr.
    Soma (also %{somyam@madhu}) RV.
    honey (said to possess intoxicating qualities and to be of 8 kinds
    %{madhuno@leha} m. licker of honey a bee W.) RV. &c. &c.
    milk or anything produced from milk (as butter, ghee &c.) RV. VS. Gr2S3rS.
    the juice or nectar of flowers, any sweet intoxicating drink, wine or spirituous liquor Ka1v. Var. Sa1h. [779,3]
    sugar
    water
    pyrites Bhpr.
    N. of a Bra1hman2a S3Br.
    a kind of metre Col. [Cf. Gk., $, $, Slav. {medu8}
    Lith. &236803[779,3] {midu4s}, {medu4s}
    Germ, {meth}
    Eng. {mead}.]
  275. मधुकर्कटी (madhukarkaṭī) (madhukarkaṭī)
    f. the swsweet
    the swsweet cucumber L.
  276. मधुप (madhupa) (madhupa)
    mf(%{A})n. drinking sweetness, honey-drinker RV. R.
    m. (with or scil. %{khaga}) a large black bee Ka1v. Pan5cat. &c.
    a bee or a drunkard Bha1m.
    %{-dhvaja} m. N. of a king VP.
  277. मधुपर्क (madhuparka) (madhuparka)
    m. (n. L.) a mixture of honey, an offering of honey and milk, a respectful offoffering to a guest or to the bridegroom on his arrival at the door of the father of the bride (sometimes consisting of equal parts of curds, honey and clarified butter)
    the ceremony of receiving a guest with it AV. Gr2S3rS. &c.
    N. of a son of Garud2a MBh.
    of wks.
    %{-dAna} n. the offering of the Madhu-parka MW.
    %{-nirNaya} m. N. of wk.
    %{-pANi} mfn. having the MMadhu-pparka oblation in the hand, offering the MMadhu-pparka MW.
    %{-prayoga} m. %{-mantra} m. or n. N. of wks.
    %{-kA7camana} n. the tasting of the MMadhu.pparka.
  278. मधुर (madhura) (madhura)
    mf(%{A})n. sweet, pleasant, charming, delightful A1s3vGr2. R. Sus3r. &c.
    sounding sweetly or uttering sweet cries, melodious, mellifluous MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{am} ind.)
    m. sweetness
    a kind of leguminous plant Car.
    the red sugar-cane
    a species of mango
    a Moringa with red flowers
    rice
    a partic. drug (= %{jIvaka})
    molasses
    sour gruel (also f. %{A})
    N. of one of the attendants of Skanda MBh.
    of a Gandharva, Saddhp.
    (with %{AcArya}), of a teacher Cat. (cf., %{mAdhura})
    (%{A}) f. Anethum Sowa or Panmorium
    Beta Bengalensis
    Asparagus Racemosus and other plants
    liquorice
    a kind of root similar to ginger
    sour rice-water
    N. of a town (= %{mathurA}) Pat. on Pa1n2. 1-2, 51 Va1rtt. 5
    of the tutelary deity of the race of Vandhula Cat.
    (%{I}) f. ii kind of musical instrument
    n. kind or friendly manner (only %{eNa} ind.) Hariv.
    the quality of the throat which makes the voice sweet
    sweetness, syrup, treacle
    poisontin L.
  279. मधुरता (madhuratā) (madhuratā)
    f. sweetness, suavity, pleasantness, amiability, softness Ka1v. Sa1h.
  280. मधुरत्व (madhuratva) (madhuratva)
    n. sweetness (in taste) Sus3r.
    suavity, charm (of speech) Ka1v.
  281. मधुलिह् (madhulih) (madhulih)
    mfn. (ifc.) one who has licked the honey of. BhP.
    m. a bee Ka1v. BhP. Kuval.
  282. मध्य (madhya) (madhya)
    mf(%{A})n. middle (used like {medius} e.g. %{ma4dhye} %{samudre4}, `" in the midst of the sea "') RV. VPra1t. Kat2hUp.
    middlemost, intermediate, central Var. Megh.
    standing between two, impartial, neutral Ka1m.
    middle i.e. being of a middle kind or size or quality, middling, moderate (with %{vRtti} f. `" a middle course "') La1t2y. Mn. Sus3r. &c.
    (in astron.) mean i.e. theoretical (opp. to %{spaSTa}, or %{sphuTa}) Su1ryas. (%{-tva} n.)
    lowest, worst
    m. n. (ifc. f. %{A}) the middle of the body, (esp.) a woman's waist S3Br. &c. &c.
    (in alg.) the middle term or the mean of progression Col.
    (%{A}) f. a young woman, a girl arrived at puberty Sa1h.
    the middle finger
    (in music) a partic. tone Sam2gi1t.
    (also n.) a kind of metre Col.
    n. (m. g. %{ardharcA7di}) the middle, midst, centre, inside, interior RV. &c. &c. (%{am} ind. into the midst of, into, among, with gen. or ifc. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    %{ena} ind. in or through the midst of, on the inside, through, between, with gen. acc. or ifc. S3Br. MBh. &c.
    %{At} ind. from the midst of. out of. from among R. Hariv. &c.
    %{e} ind. see s.v.)
    the middle of the sky (with or scil. %{nabhasas}) Mn. MBh.
    space between (e.g. %{bhruvos}, the eye brows) MBh.
    midday (with %{ahnaH}), Ma1av.
    the meridian Ma1lati1m.
    intermediate condition between (gen.) R.
    the belly, abdomen Kum.
    the flank of a horse
    (in music) mean time Sam2gi1t.
    ten thousand billions MBh.
    cessation, pause, interval
    N. of a country between Sindh and Hindu1stan proper Cat. [Cf. Zd. {maidhya}
    Gk. $, $ for $
    Lat. &237399[781,3] {medius}
    Goth. {midjis3}
    Eng. {mid} in {midland}, {midnight} &c.]
  283. मध्यता (madhyatā) (madhyatā)
    f. the state of being in the middle, mediocrity MBh.
  284. मध्यम (madhyama) (madhyama)
    mf(%{A})n. (superl. of %{ma4dhya}) middle (used like Lat. {medius} e.g. %{madhyaime@gulme}, `" in the midst of the troop "') MBh. R.
    being or placed in the middle, middlemost, intermediate, central RV. &c. &c.
    middle-born (neither youngest nor oldest), Ven2is.
    of a middle kind or size or quality, middling, moderate TS. &c. &c.
    standing between two persons or parties, impartial, neutral MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (in astron.) mean (cf. %{madhya}) Su1ryas.
    relating to the meridian ib.
    m. the middlemost prince (whose territory lies between that of a king seeking conquest and that of his foe) Mn. vii, 155
    the middle character in plays IW. 473
    the midland country (= %{madhya-deza})
    (in music) the 4th or 5th note Sam2gi1t.
    the middlemost of the 3 scales ib.
    a partic. Ra1ga ib.
    (in gram.) the 2nd person (= %{-puruSa}) Pa1n2.
    the governor of a province
    a kind of antelope
    N. of the 18th Kalpa (s.v.) Cat.
    pl. a class of gods S3a1n3khSr.
    (with Buddhists) N. of a partic. Buddh. sect Sarvad.
    m. n. the middle of the body, waist MBh. R. &c.
    (%{A}) f. the womb TBr.
    the middle finger Kaus3. Sus3r.
    midnight
    a girl arrived at puberty
    the pericarp of a lotus
    a central blossom W.
    a kind of metre
    (in music) a partic. Mu1rchana1 Sam2gi1t.
    n. the middle APra1t.
    mediocrity, defectiveness, S3r2in3ga1r.
    N. of the 12th (14th) Ka1n2d2a of the S3Br.
    (in astron.) the meridian ecliptic point Su1ryas.
  285. मध्यमक (madhyamaka) (madhyamaka)
    mt(%{ikA})n. middlemost Mr2icch.
    common (as property) Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    (%{ikA}) f. a marriageable woman
    N. of the 2nd or middle Grantha of the Ka1t2haka (cf. %{mAdhyamika})
    n. the interior of anything (%{-kam@pra-viz}, to enter) Mr2icch.
  286. मध्यमीय (madhyamīya) (madhyamīya)
    mfn. relating to the middle, middlemost, central g. %{gahA7di}.
  287. मध्यस्थ (madhyastha) (madhyastha)
    mf(%{A})n. being in the middle, being between or among (gen. or comp.) Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    being in the middle space i.e. in the air S3a1n3khBr.
    standing between two persons or parties mediating, a mediator Pa1n2. 3-2, 179 Sch.
    belonging to neither or both parties, (only) a witness, impartial, neutral, indifferent Mn. MBh. &c.
    being of a middle condition or kind, middling MBh. Ka1v.
    m. `" arbitrator, umpire "'N. of S3iva S3ivag.
    %{-tA} f. intermediate situation, indifference, impartiality MBh. R. &c.
  288. मध्व (madhva) (madhva)
    m. N. of the founder of a sect of Vaishn2avas in the south of India (he was a Kanarese Bra1hman otherwise called A1nanda-tirtha, Bhagavat-pa1da or Madhu, said to have been born about 1200
    his doctrine is commonly called Dvaita, `" Duality "', in opposition to the A-dvaita, `" Nonduality "', of the great Veda1ntist Sam2kara7ca1rya, and his sect are called Ma1dhvas) RTL. 130 &c.
  289. मनन (manana) (manana)
    mfn. thoughtful, careful RV.
    n. thinking, reflection, meditation, thought, intelligence, understanding (esp. intrinsic knowledge or science, as one of the faculties connected with the senses Nir. viii, 6 = %{manman}) Hariv. S3am2k. Sarvad. (%{-nA4} ind. thoughtfully, deliberately RV.)
    homage, reverence Sa1y. on RV. i, 165, 4.
  290. मनरञ्जन (manarañjana) (manarañjana)
    mf(%{I})n. delighting the mind of (comp.) Subh.
  291. मनु (manu) (manu)
    mfn. thinking, wise, intelligent VS. S3Br.
    m. `" the thinking creature(?) "', man, mankind RV. VS. AitBr. TA1r. (also as opp. to evil spirits RV. i, 130, 8
    viii, 98, 6 &c.
    the R2ibhus are called %{manor@na4pAtaH}, the sons of man, iii, 60, 3)
    the Man par excellence or the representative man and father of the human race (regarded in the RV. as the first to have instituted sacrifices and religious ceremonies, and associated with the R2ishis Kan2va and Atri
    in the AitBr. described as dividing his possessions among some of his sons to the exclusion of one called Na1bha1-nedisht2ha q.v.
    called Sa1m2varan2a as author of RV. ix, 101, 10-12
    A1psava as author of ib. 106, 7-9
    in Naigh. v, 6 he is numbered among the 31 divine beings of the upper sphere, and VS. xi, 66 as father of men even identified with Prajs-pati
    but the name Manu is esp. applied to 14 successive mythical progenitors and sovereigns of the earth, described Mn. i, 63 and in later wks. as creating and supporting this world through successive Antaras or long periods of time see %{manv-antara} below
    the first is called Sva1yambhuva as sprung from %{svayam-bhU}, the Self-existent, and described in Mn. 12, 34 as a sort of secondary creator, who commenced his work by producing 10 Praja1patis or Maharshis, of whom the first was %{marIci}, Light
    to this Manu is ascribed the celebrated `" code of Manu "' see %{manu-saMhitA}, and two ancient Su1tra works on Kalpa and Gr2ihya i.e. sacrificial and domestic rites
    he is also called Hairan2yagarbha as son of Hiran2ya-garbha, and Pra1cetasa, as son of Pra-cetas
    the next 5 Manus are called Sva1rocisha, Auttami, Ta1masa, Raivata, Ca1kshusha cf. IW. 208 n. 1
    the 7th Manu, called %{vaivasvata}, Sun-born, or from his piety, %{satya-vrata}, is regarded as the progenitor of the present race of living beings, and said, like the Noah of the Old Testament, to have been preserved from a great flood by Vishn2u or Brahma1 in the form of a fish: he is also variously described as one of the 12 A1dityas, as the author of RV. viii, 27-31, as the brother of Yama, who as a son of he Sun is also called Vaivasvata, as the founder and first king of Ayodhya1, and as father of Ila1 who married Budha, son of the Moon, the two great solar and lunar races being thus nearly related to each other see IW. 344
    373
    the 8th Manu or first of the future Manus accord. to VP. iii, 2, will be Sa1varn2i
    the 9th Daksha-sa1varn2i
    the 12th Rudra-ssa1varn2i
    the 13th Raucya or Deva-ssa1varn2i
    the 14th Bhautya or Indra-ssa1varn2i)
    thought (= %{manas}) TS. Br.
    a sacred text, prayer, incantation, spell (= %{mantra}) Ra1matUp. Pan5car. Prata1p.
    N. of an Agni MBh.
    of a Rudra Pur.
    of Kr2is3a7s3va BhP.
    of an astronomer Cat.
    (pl.) the mental Powers BhP.
    N. of the number `" fourteen "' (on account of the 14 Manus) Su1ryas. [784,3]
    f. Manu's wife (= %{manAvI})
    Trigonella Corniculata[Cf. Goth. {manna}
    Germ. {Mannus}, son of {Tuisto} [TM], mentioned by Tacitus, in his wk. {Germania}, as the mythical ancestor of the West-Germans, {mann}, {man}
    Angl. Sax. {man}
    Eng. {man}.] &c. see p. 784, col. 2.
  292. मनस् (manas) (manas)
    n. mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers), intellect, intelligence, understanding, perception, sense, conscience, will RV. &c. &c. (in phil. the internal organ or %{antaH-karaNa} of perception and cognition, the faculty or instrument through which thoughts enter or by which objects of sense affect the soul IW. 53
    in this sense %{manas} is always is always regarded as distinct from %{Atman} and %{puruSa}, `" spirit or soul "' and belonging only to the body, like which it is - except in the Nya1ya - considered perishable
    as to its position in the various systems see for Nya1ya and Vais3eshika IW. 63
    67
    76, for Sa1m2khya and Veda7nta ib. 84
    109
    117
    in RV. it is sometimes joined with %{hRd} or %{hRdaya}, the heart Mn. vii, 6 with %{cakSus}, the eye)
    the spirit or spiritual principle, the breath or living soul which escapes from the body at death (called %{asu} in animals
    cf. above) ib.
    thought, imagination, excogitation, invention, reflection, opinion, intention, inclination, affection, desire, mood, temper, spirit ib. (ifc. after a verbal noun or an inf. stem in %{-tu} = having a mind or wishing to
    cf. %{draSTu-m-} &c.
    %{manaH} %{kR}, to make up one's mind
    with gen., to feel inclination for [784,1]
    %{manaH} %{kR}, %{pra-kR}, %{dhA}, vi- %{dhA}, %{dhR}, %{bandh} and Caus. of %{ni-viz} with loc. dat. acc. with %{prati}, or inf., to direct the mind or thoughts towards, think of or upon
    %{manaH} with %{sam-A-dhA}, to recover the senses, collect one's self
    with %{han} see %{mano-hatya}
    %{ma4nasA} ind. in the mind
    in thought or imagination
    with all the heart, willingly
    with gen., by the leave of
    with %{iva} = %{-se7va}, as with a thought, in a moment
    with %{man}, to think in one's mind, be willing or inclined
    with %{saM-gam}, to become unanimous, agree
    %{manasi} with %{kR}, to bear or ponder in the mind, meditate on, remember
    with %{ni-dhA}, to impress on the mind, consider
    with %{vRt}, to be passing in one's mind)
    N. of the 26th Kalpa (s.v.) Cat.
    of the lake Ma1nasa BhP.
    %{manaso@dohaH}N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr. [Cf. Gk. $
    Lat. &238030[784,1] {miner-va}.]
  293. मनसा (manasā) (manasā)
    1 f. N. of a partic. goddess (described as consisting of a particle of Prakr2iti and as daughter of Kas3yapa. sister of the serpent-king Ananta, wife of the Muni Jarat-ka1ru, mother of the Muni A1sti1ka and protectress of men from the venom of serpents
    cf. %{viSa-harI}) Pan5car.
    of a Kim2-nari1 Ka1ran2d2.2 instr. of %{manas}, in comp.
  294. मनसापञ्चमी (manasāpañcamī) (manasāpañcamī)
    f. the 5th day in the dark half of the month A1shsdha (when there is a festival in honour of the goddess Manasa1) Col.
  295. मनस्विन् (manasvin) (manasvin)
    mfn. full of mind or sense, intelligent, clever, wise TBr. &c. &c.
    in high spirits, cheerful, glad (%{a-man-}) R.
    fixing the mind attentive W.
    m. the fabulous animal called S3arabha
    N. of a Na1ga Lalit.
    of a son of Devala VP.
    (%{inI}) f. a virtuous wife W.
    Momordica Mixta
    N. of the mother of the moon MBh. (cf. %{manasija})
    of Durga
    of the wife of Mr2ikan2d2u Pur.
  296. मनुज (manuja) (manuja)
    m. `" Manu-born "', a man MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (%{A} or %{I}) f. a woman ib.
    %{-nAtha} (Das3.), %{-pati} (R. &c.) m. `" lord of men "', a prince, king
    %{-loka} m. `" world of men "', the earth MBh.
    %{-vyAghra} m. `" man-tiger "', any eminent or illustrious man R.
    %{--jA7tmaja} m. `" son of man "', a man "'
    (%{A}) f. a woman MBh.
    %{--jA7dhipa} and %{-pati} m. `" sovereign of men "', a prince, king MBh.
    %{-jI-kR} P. %{-karoti}, to change into a man Katha1s.
    %{--je7ndra} m. `" lord of men, a prince, king MBh. (%{-dra-putra} n. %{-trI} f. a prince, princess Katha1s.)
    %{-je7zvara} m. = %{--jo4ndra} VarBr2S.
    %{--jo7ttana} m. best of men MBh.
  297. मनुष्य (manuṣya) (manuṣya)
    mf(%{A})n. human, manly, useful or, friendly to manS3Br.
    m. a man, human being RV. &c. &c.
    a man (as opp. to woman) Mn. Ma1rkP.
    a husband VarBr2S.
    a class of deceased ancestors (those who receive the Pin2d2a offering) TBr. &c. see p. 784, col. 3.
  298. मनोजव (manojava) (manojava)
    m. the speed or swiftness of thought RV. S3Br.
    (%{ma4no-}) mfn. swift as thought RV. &c. &c. (%{am} ind.
    %{-tA} f.)
    quick in thought or apprehension W.
    resembling a father, fatherly, parental
    m. N. of a son of Anila or the Wind MBh. Hariv.
    of a son of Rudra I1s3a1na Pur.
    of Indre in the 6th Manv-antara ib.
    of a son of Medha1tithi BhP.
    of a fabulous horse Va1s., Introd.
    a person whose parents are a Bra1hman and a Nisha1di
    (%{A}) f. N. of one of the 7 tongues of Agni Mun2d2Up.
    Methonica Superba
    N. of one of the Ma1tr2is attending on Skanda MBh.
    of a river in Kraun5ca-dvi1pa VP.
    m. or n. a kind of magic DivyA7v.
    n. N. of a Tirtha MBh.
    of the Varsha ruled by Medha7tithi BhP.
  299. मनोमय (manomaya) (manomaya)
    mf(%{I})n. consisting of spirit or mind, spiritual, mental S3Br. Up. &c.
    %{-koza} m. the mental sheath (the 2nd of the subtle sheaths in which the soul is encased) Veda7ntas.
  300. मनोहर (manohara) (manohara)
    mf(%{A} or %{I})n. `" heart-stealing "', taking the fancy, fascinating, attractive, charming, beautiful Mn. MBh. &c.
    Jasminum Multiflorum or Pubescens
    the third day of the civil month (%{karma-mAsa}) Su1ryapr.
    N. of a poet Cat.
    of a wk. ib.
    (%{A}) f. yellow jasmine or Jasminum Grandiflorum
    N. of an Apsaras MBh.
    of a Kim2-nari1 Ka1ran2d2.
    of the wife of Varcasvin and mother of S3is3ira MBh.
    of the wife of Dhara and mother of S3is3ira Hariv.
    of a Comm. on the Ra1ma1yan2a by Loka-na1tha
    (%{I}) f. Piper Longum
    n. gold
    %{-kAvya} n. N. of a poem
    %{-kRSNa} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-tara} mfn. more or most fascinating or beautiful MBh. (%{-ratva} n. Malati1m.)
    %{-dAsa} m. N. of a king (patron of Sada1-s3iva) Cat.
    %{-vIre7zvara} m. N. of a teacher ib.
    %{-zarman} m. N. of an author ib.
    %{-siMha} m. N. of a king Inscr.
    %{-rA7kAra} mfn. beautiful in form Ka1v. %{-hartR} m. a heart-stealer BhP.
  301. मन्तु (mantu) (mantu)
    m. an adviser, manager, disposer, ruler, arbiter RV. (also as f.)
    advice, counsel ib.
    a fault, offence, transgression
    a man, mankind
    lord of men (= %{prajA-pati})
    a king W.
    f. thought, understanding, intellect ib.
  302. मन्तव्य (mantavya) (mantavya)
    mfn. to be thought S3Br. &c. &c.
    to be regarded or considered as (nom.) Ka1v. Katha1s. Pan5cat.
    (with %{doSeNa}), to be accused of a fault MBh. (v.l. %{gantavya})
    to be admitted or assumed or stated MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to be approved or sanctioned Hit. (v.l. %{anu-m-})
    n. (impers.) one should think or suppose Ya1jn5. Sch.  %{ma4ntu}, %{mantR4} see p. 785, col. 3.
  303. मन्त्र (mantra) (mantra)
    m. (rarely n.
    ifc. f. %{A}), `" instrument of thought "', speech, sacred text or speech, a prayer or song of praiseTS.
    a Vedic hymn or sacrificial formula, that portion of the Veda which contains the texts called %{Rc} or %{yajus} or %{sAman} (q.v.) as opp. to the Bra1hmana and Upanishad portion (see IW. 5 &c.) Br. Gr2S3rS. &c. [786,1]
    a sacred formula addressed to any individual deity (e.g. %{om} %{zivAya} %{namaH}) RTL. 61
    a mystical verse or magical formula (sometimes personified), incantation, charm, spell (esp. in modern times employed by the S3a1ktas to acquire superhuman powers
    the primary Mantras being held to be 70 millions in number and the secondary innumerable RTL. 197-202) RV. (i, 147, 4) A1s3vS3r. Mn. Katha1s. Sus3r.
    cousultation, resolution, counsel, advice, plan, design, secret RV. &c. &c.
    N. of Vishn2u Vishn2.
    of S3iva MBh.
    (in astrol.) the fifth mansion VarYogay.
  304. मन्त्रदृश् (mantradṛś) (mantradṛś)
    mfn. seeing i.e. knowing or composing ssacred ttext BhP.
    skilled in counsel, a counsellor ib.
  305. मन्त्रिन् (mantrin) (mantrin)
    mfn. wise or eloquent VS.
    m. `" knowing sacred texts or spells "', a conjurer, enchanter Bhartr2.
    a king's counsellor, minister Mn. MBh. &c.
    (in chess) the queen Pan5cad.
    (in astrol.) the 12th mansion VarYogay.
  306. मन्त्रित (mantrita) (mantrita)
    mfn. discussed, deliberated, determined MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    advised, counselled (said of Persons and things) ib.
    consecrated with sacred texts, enchanted, charmed MBh. R.
    n. counsel, deliberation, plan ib.
  307. मन्थ (mantha) (mantha)
    m. stirring round, churning Ka1v. Katha1s.
    shaking about, agitating Ragh. Uttarar.
    killing, slaying Ba1lar.
    a drink in which other ingredients are mixed by stirring, mixed beverage (usually parched barley-meal stirred round in milk
    but also applied to a partic. medicinal preparation) RV. &c. &c.
    a spoon for stirring A1s3vGr2. Kaus3.
    a churning-stick MBh. Pa1n2. 7-2, 18
    a kind of antelope Shad2vBr.
    the sun or a sun-ray
    a partic. disease of the eye, excretion of rheum
    (%{A}) f. see below
    n. an instrument for kindling fire, by friction MBh.
  308. मन्थर (manthara) (manthara)
    mf(%{A})n. (allied to 2. %{mand} and %{manda}, but in some meanings rather fr. %{math}) slow (lit. and fig.
    often ifc. `" slow in "'), lazy, tardy, indolent, dull, stupid, silly Ka1v. Ra1jat. Sa1h. &c. (%{am} ind.)
    low, hollow, deep (as sound) W.
    bent, curved, crooked, humpbacked (cf. %{A} f. and %{mantharaka})
    broad, wide, large, bulky
    tale-bearing
    m. a treasure or hair or anger (= %{koza}, %{keza}, or %{kopa})
    fruit
    a spy
    an antelope
    of the month Vais3a1kha
    a fortress, stronghold
    an obstacle, hindrance
    whirling
    a churning-stick
    the mountain Mandara W. (cf. %{manthaparvata})
    N. of a tortoise Hit.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a humpbacked female slave of Bharata's mother Kaikeyi1 (accord. to MBh. an incarnation of the Gandharvi1 Dundubhi1
    accord. to R. a daughter of Virocana)
    n. safflower.
  309. मन्द (manda) (manda)
    mf(%{A}) n. slow, tardy, moving slowly or softly, loitering, idle, lazy, sluggish in (loc. or comp.), apathetic, phlegmatic, indifferent to (dat.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    weak, slight, slack (as a bow), dull, faint (as light), low (as a voice), gentle (as rain or wind), feeble (as the digestive faculty) ib.
    weak i.e. tolerant, indulgent to (loc.) MBh.
    dull-witted, silly, stupid, foolish Kat2hUp. MBh. &c.
    unhappy, miserable (L. = %{kRpaNa}) MBh. Hariv.
    languid, ill, sick Ma1lav.
    bad, wicked Ma1rkP.
    drunken, addicted to intoxication
    = %{-mandra}
    m. the planet Saturn Var.
    the (upper) apsis of a planet's course or (according to some) its anomalistic motion Su1ryas.
    N. of Yama
    a stupid or slow elephant(cf. %{mandra}, %{bhadra-manda}, %{mRga-manda})
    the end of the world (= %{pralaya})
    (%{A}) f. a pot, vessel, inkstand
    N. of Da1ksha1yan2i1 Cat.
    (scil. %{saMkrAnti}) a partic. astron. conjunction
    (in music) N. of a S3ruti Sam2gi1t.
    n. the second change which takes place in warm milk when mixed with Takra
    (%{am}) ind. slowly, tardily, gradually, slightly, faintly, softly (also %{manda} ibc., and %{mandam@mandam}) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  310. मन्दन (mandana) (mandana)
    mf(%{A})n. gay, cheerful RV. TS.
    = %{mandra} Nir. vi, 23
    m. N. of a pupil of S3am2kara7ca1rya (also %{-mizra}). W. (cf. %{maNDana})
    n. (with a sect of Pa1s3upatas) N. of a partic. limping gait Sarvad.
    praise, eulogium
  311. मन्दर (mandara) (mandara)
    mfn. slow, tardy, sluggish (= %{manda})
    large, thick, firm (= %{bahala})
    m. a pearl chain consisting of 8 or 16 strings
    N. of a sacred mountain (the residence of various deities
    it served the gods and Asuras for a churning-stick at the churning of the ocean for the recovery of the Amr2ita and thirteen other precious things lost during the deluge) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    heaven (= %{svarga}
    cf. %{meru})
    a mirror
    a kind of metre Col.
    N. of a Bra1hman Cat.
    of a Vidya1-dhara Katha1s.
    of a son of Hiran2ya-kas3ipu (B. %{mandAra})
    of a tree of paradise or one of the 5 trees in Indra's heaven (= %{mandAra})see col. 2.
  312. मन्दाकिनी (mandākinī) (mandākinī)
    f. (fr. %{manda} + 2. %{aJc}) `" going or streaming slowly "'N. of an arm of the Ganges (flowing down through the valley of Keda1ra-na1tha in the Hima7layas) and of other rivers MBh. Pur.
    (esp.) the heavenly Ganges MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    another river in heaven BhP.
    N. of a metre Chandom.
    (in astron.) N. of a partic. conjunction.
  313. मन्दादर (mandādara) (mandādara)
    mfn. having little respect for, careless about (loc) Hit.
  314. मन्दार (mandāra) (mandāra)
    m. (in some meanings also written %{mandara}) the coral tree, Erythrina Indica (also regarded as one of the 5 trees of paradise or Svarga) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a white variety of Calotropis Gigantea
    the thorn-apple
    heaven
    N. of a son of Hiran2ya-kas3ipu MBh. (C. %{mandara})
    of a Vidya1-dhara Ma1rkP.
    of a hermitage and desert spot on the right bank of the Ganges where there are said to be 11 sacred pools Cat.
    of a mountain (v.l. %{mandara}) R.
    (%{I}) f. a kind of plant Sus3r.
    n. = %{-puSpa} Ka1lid.
  315. मन्दिर (mandira) (mandira)
    n. any waiting or abiding-place, habitation, dwelling, house, palace, temple, town, camp &c. (ifc. dwelling in) MBh. Ka1v. &c. [788,3]
    a stable for horses(cf. %{mandurA})
    the body
    m. the sea
    the hollow or back of the knee
    N. of a Gandharva L.
  316. मन्दुरा (mandurā) (mandurā)
    f. a stable for horses Ka1v. Ra1jat.
    a mattress, sleeping-mat, bed L.
  317. मन्दोदरी (mandodarī) (mandodarī)
    f. N. of Ra1van2a's favourite wife (daughter of Maya and mother of Indra-jit
    she advised her husband to deliver Si1ta1 to Ra1ma, but he did not heed her
    she is regarded as one of the five very chaste women, the other four being Ahalya1, Draupadi1, Si1ta1, and Ta1ra1) MBh. R. &c.
    of one of the Ma1tr2is attending on Skanda MBh.
    of the mother of the lexicographer Jat2a1-dhara Cat.
    %{-rI7za} m. `" MMaya's lord "'N. of Ra1van2a
    %{-rI-suta} m. `" MMaya's son "'N. of Indrajit L.
  318. मन्द्र (mandra) (mandra)
    mf(%{A4})n. pleasant, agreeable, charming, (esp.) sounding or speaking pleasantly &c.VS. S3a1n3khGr2.
    low, deep (of sound), hollow, rumbling (%{am} ind.) Br. &c. &c.
    m. a low tone, the low or base tone (%{sthAna}) of the voice (as opp. to the middle or %{madhyama} and the high or %{uttama}) RPra1t.
    a kind of drum
    a species of elephant&c. see p. 787, col. 3.
  319. मन्धातृ (mandhātṛ) (mandhātṛ)
    m. (fr. %{man} = %{manas} + %{dhAtR}) a thoughtful or pious man RV. (accord. to Naigh. = %{medhA-vin}
    accord. to Sa1y. mostly a proper N.)
    N. of a man A1s3vS3r. (also w.r. for %{mAndhAtR} q.v.)
  320. मन्मथ (manmatha) (manmatha)
    m. (either an intens. form fr. %{math}, or fr. %{man} = %{manas} + %{matha}, `" agitating "'
    cf. %{mandeha} and %{mandhAtR}) love or the god of love, amorous passion or desire (ifc. f. %{A}) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    Feronia Elephantum
    the 29th (3rd) year in a 60 years "' cycle of Jupiter VarBr2S.
    N. of a physician and various other men Cat.
    (%{A}) f. N. of Da1ksha1yan2i1 ib.
  321. मन्यु (manyu) (manyu)
    m. (L. also f.) spirit, mind, mood, mettle (as of horses) RV. TS. Br.
    high spirit or temper, ardour, zeal, passion RV. &c. &c.
    rage, fury, wrath, anger, indignation ib. (also personified, esp. as Agni or Ka1ma or as a Rudra
    %{manyuM} %{kR}, with loc. or acc. with %{prati}, `" to vent one's anger on, be angry with "')
    grief, sorrow, distress, affliction MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    sacrifice Nalac.
    N. of a king (son of Vitatha) BhP.
    (with %{tApasa})N. of the author of RV. x, 83
    84
    (with %{vAsiSTha})N. of the author of RV. ix, 97, 10-12. %{-ta4s} ind. from anger, in a rage AV. &c. see p. 786, col. 3.
  322. मन्वन्तर (manvantara) (manvantara)
    n. the period or age of a Manu (it comprises about 71 %{mahA-yugas} [q.v.], which are held equal to 12, 000 years of the gods or 4, 320, 000 human years or 1/14th of a day of Brahma1 [787,1]
    each of these periods is presided over by its own special Manu [see %{manu}, p. 784, col. 2]
    six such Manv-antaras have already elapsed, and the 7th, presided over by Manu Vaivasvata, is now going on
    7 more are to come, making 14 Manv-antaras, which together make up one day of Brahma1) Mn. (esp. i, 79) Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    (%{A}) f. N. of various festivals (of the 10th day of the light half of the month A1sha1d2ha, of the 8th in the dark half of the same month, and of the 3rd in the light half of Bha1dra) Col.
    %{-ra-varNana} n. N. of ch. of MatsyaP. &c. see p. 786, col. 3.
  323. ममता (mamatā) (mamatā)
    (%{mama4-}) f. the state of `" mine "', sense of ownership, self-interest, egotism, interest in (loc.) MBh. Ka1v. Pur.
    pride, arrogance
    N. of the wife of Utathya and mother of Di1rgha-tamas RV. vi, 10, 2 (Sa1y.) MBh. BhP.
    %{-yukta} mfn. filled with selfishness, a miser or egotist (= %{kRpaNa})
    %{-zUnya} mfn. devoid of interest for us Prab.
  324. ममत्व (mamatva) (mamatva)
    n. = %{-tA} MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{-tvaM} 1. %{kR} P. %{-karoti}, to be attached to, with loc. MBh.
    to envy, with gen. Ma1rkP.)
  325. मम्मट (mammaṭa) (mammaṭa)
    m. (for %{mahima-bhaTTa}) N. of various writers (esp. of the author of the Ka1vya-praka1s3a) Cat.
  326. मय (maya) (maya)
    1 m. (3. %{mA}) N. of an Asura (the artificer or architect of the Daityas, also versed in magic, astronomy and military science) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of various teachers and authors (esp. of an astronomer and a poet) Cat.
    (%{A}) f. medical treatment L.3 m. (1. %{mI}) hurting, injuring W. mf(%{I})n. consisting or made of orpiment Kum.
  327. मयु (mayu) (mayu)
    m. (prob. fr. 2. %{mA}) a Kimpurusha (s.v.) or a partic. man-like animal VS. TS. S3Br.
    an antelope, deer L.
  328. मयुराज (mayurāja) (mayurāja)
    m. `" king of the Kim-purushas "'N. of Kubera
  329. मयूख (mayūkha) (mayūkha)
    m. (prob. fr. 1. %{mi}) a kind of peg (esp. for hanging woven cloth or skins upon)Br. S3rS.
    the pin or gnomon of a sun-dial (= %{kIla})
    a ray of light, flame, brightness, lustre Up. Ka1v. Var. &c. (also %{A} f.
    once n. in KaushUp.)
    a partic. Agni Gr2S.
    N. of wk. (by S3am2kara-mis3ra).
  330. मयूर (mayūra) (mayūra)
    m. (prob. fr. 2. %{mA}) a peacock VS. La1t2y. MBh. &c.
    a cock
    a species of plant Sus3r. (Celosia Cristata or Achyranthes Aspera L.)
    a kind of instrument for measuring time Su1ryas.
    a kind of gait Sam2gi1t.
    N. of an Asura MBh.
    of a poet Prasannar.
    (also with %{bhaTTa}), of various other writers Cat.
    of the father of S3an3kuka ib.
    of a mountain Ma1rkP.
    (%{I}) f. a peahen RV. &c. &c.
    a species of pot-herb
    n. a partic. posture in sitting Cat.
    N. of a town Buddh.
  331. मर (mara) (mara)
    m. ( %{mR}) dying, death (see %{pari-mara})
    the world of death i.e. the earth AitUp.
    mfn. killing (see %{nR-mara})
    m. pl. the inhabitants of hell A1ryabh.
    w.r. for %{narAH} Hariv. 8464.
  332. मरकत (marakata) (marakata)
    n. an emerald R. Var. Pan5cat. &c. [Cf. Gk. $
    Lat. {smaragdus}.]
  333. मरण (maraṇa) (maraṇa)
    n. the act of dying, death, (ifc. dying by
    %{-NaM} 1. %{kR} A1. %{kurute}, to die) S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    passing away, cessation (as of lightning or rain) AitBr.
    (in astrol.) the 8th mansion VarBr2S. Sch.
    a kind of poison(prob. w.r. for %{mAraNa})
    a refuge, asylum BhP. (prob. w.r. for %{zaraNa}).
  334. मरन्द (maranda) (maranda)
    m. (also pl.) the juice or nectar of flowers Ka1v. (also %{-daka} W.
    cf. %{makaranda}).
  335. मरु (maru) (maru)
    m. (prob. fr. %{mR}) a wilderness, sandy waste, desert (often pl.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a mountain, rock MBh. Ma1rkP.
    `" the desertlike penance "' i.e. abstinence from drinking MBh. Hariv.
    a species of plant Bhpr.
    a deer, antelope
    N. of a Daitya (usually associated with Naraka) MBh.
    of a Vasu Hariv.
    of a prince (the son of S3i1ghra) ib. R. Pur.
    of a king belonging to the Ikshva1ku family BhP.
    of a son of Hary-as3va R. Pur.
    pl. N. of a country (Marwar) and its inhabitants TA1r. R. Var. &c. [Cf. Lat. {mare} (?)
    Angl. Sax. {mo7r}
    Germ. and Eng. {moor}.]
  336. मरिच (marica) (marica)
    m. the pepper shrub R. Var. Sus3r.
    a kind of Ocimum
    Strychnos Potatorum(v.l. %{marIca})
    N. of a man Ra1jat.
    n. black pepper Sus3r.
    a partic. fragrant substance (= %{kakkolaka}) L.
  337. मरीचि (marīci) (marīci)
    mf. (m. only in TA1r.
    prob. connected with %{maru4t} q.v.) a particle of light, shining mote or speck in the air
    ray of light (of the sun or moon) RV. &c. &c.
    (also %{-cI}
    f. with %{somasya} = moonlight Hariv.)
    a mirage (= %{marIcikA}) Katha1s. (cf. %{marIci-toya})
    m. N. of a Praja1-pati or `" lord of created beings "' (variously regarded as a son of Svayam-bhu1, as a son of Brahma1, as a son of Manu Hairan2yagarbha, as one of the 7 sages and father of Kas3yapa, or accord. to Mn. i, 35 as the first of the ten Praja1-patis [q.v.] engendered by Manu Sva1yambhuva) Mn. MBh. &c.
    of the star $ in the great Bear VarBr2S.
    of Kr2ishn2a (as a Marut) Bhag. x, 21
    of a Daitya Hariv.
    of a Maharshi Das3.
    of the father of Paurn2ama1sa Pur.
    of a king (son of Samra1j and father of Bindu-mat) ib.
    of a son of Ti1rtham2-kara R2ishabha W.
    of a son of S3am2kara7ca1rya and various other teachers and authors Cat.
    a miser, niggard (= %{kRpaNa})
    f. N. of an Apsaras MBh.
    of a Comm. on Siddha7ntas3.
  338. मरुत् (marut) (marut)
    m. pl. (prob. the `" flashing or shining ones "'
    cf. %{marIci} and Gk. $) the storm-gods (Indra's &239948[790,2] companions and sometimes e.g. Ragh. xii, 101 = %{devAH}, the gods or deities in general
    said in the Veda to be the sons of Rudra and Pr2is3ni q.v., or the children of heaven or of ocean
    and described as armed with golden weapons i.e. lightnings and thunderbolts, as having iron teeth and roaring like lions, as residing in the north, as riding in golden cars drawn by ruddy horses sometimes called Pr2ishati1h2 q.v.
    they are reckoned in Naigh. v, 5 among the gods of the middle sphere, and in RV. viii, 96, 8 are held to be three times sixty in number
    in the later literature they are the children of Diti, either seven or seven times seven in number, and are sometimes said to be led by Ma1taris3van) RV. &c. &c.
    the god of the wind (father of Hanumat and regent of the north-west quarter of the sky) Kir. Ra1jat. (cf. comp.)
    wind, air, breath (also applied to the five winds in the body) Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    a species of plant Bhpr.
    = %{Rtvij} Naigh. iii, 18
    gold ib. i, 2
    beauty ib. iii, 7
    N. of a Sa1dhya Hariv.
    of the prince Br2ihad-ratha MaitrUp.
    f. Trigonella Corniculata
    n. a kind of fragrant substance (= %{granthi-parNa}) L.
  339. मर्कट (markaṭa) (markaṭa)
    m. (Un2. iv, 81) a monkey, ape VS. &c. &c.
    a kind of bird Shad2vBr. (the adjutant or Indian crane L.)
    a spider
    a sort of poison or venom
    a mode of coitus
    N. of a man Pravar.
    (%{I}) f. see 1. %{markaTI}
    n. an iron monkey-shaped bolt L.
  340. मर्त्य (martya) (martya)
    mfn. who or what must die, mortal Br. Kaus3.
    m. a mortal, man, person RV. &c. &c.
    the world of mortals, the earth
    (%{A}) f. dying, death (see %{putra-martyA})
    n. that which is mortal, the body BhP.
  341. मर्द (marda) (marda)
    mfn. ( %{mRd}) crushing, grinding, rubbing, bruising, destroying (ifc.
    cf. %{ari-}, %{cakra-m-} &c.)
    m. grinding, pounding, violent pressure or friction MBh. VarBr2S. (cf. %{graha-m-})
    acute pain (cf. %{aGga-m-})
    dispassion
  342. मर्दक (mardaka) (mardaka)
    mfn. (ifc.) crushing, pounding &c.
    causing violent pain in Sus3r.
  343. मर्दन (mardana) (mardana)
    mf(%{I})n. crushing, grinding, rubbing, bruising, paining, tormenting, ruining, destroying MBh. Ka1v. &c. (cf. %{candrA7rka-}, %{samara-} and %{samiti-m-})
    N. of a king of the Vidya1-dharas
    (%{I}) f. a cover for the feet
    n. the act of crushing or grinding or destroying Ka1v. Katha1s. BhP.
    rubbing, anointing Ka1v. Pan5cat. &c. (%{-zAlA} f. Sin6ha7s.), cleaning or combing (the hair
    see %{keza-m-})
    friction i.e. opposition (of planets
    see %{graha-m-}).
  344. मर्दल (mardala) (mardala)
    (and %{-laka} L.) m. a kind of drum MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  345. मर्दिन् (mardin) (mardin)
    mfn. (ifc.) crushing, grinding, pounding, destroying Mn. MBh. &c. (cf. %{ripu-} and %{loSTa-m-})
    (%{inI}) f. a kind of musical composition Sam2gi1t. (cf. %{medinI}).
  346. मर्मन् (marman) (marman)
    n. ( %{mR}) mortal spot, vulnerable point, any open or exposed or weak or sensitive part of the body (in Nir. reckoned to be 107) RV. &c. &c.
    the joint of a limb, any joint or articulation ib.
    the core of anything, the quick ib.
    any vital member or organ (cf. %{antar-m-})
    anything which requires to be kept concealed, secret quality, hidden meaning, any secret or mystery MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  347. मर्मज्ञ (marmajña) (marmajña)
    mfn. knowing weak or vulnerable points (lit. and fig.) MBh.
    (ifc.) having a deep insight into Ra1jat.
    exceedingly acute or clever Hit.
  348. मर्मर (marmara) (marmara)
    mfn. (onomat.) rustling (as leaves or garments), murmuring Ka1lid. Ra1jat.
    m. a rustling sound, murmur Ragh.
    a kind of garment
    (%{A}) f. coarse ground meal
    (%{I}) f. Pinus Deodora
    a partic. vein in the external ear Va1gbh. [Cf. Gk. $
    &240313[791,3] Lat. {murmurare}
    Germ. {murmeln}
    Eng. {murmur}.]
  349. मर्य (marya) (marya)
    m. (prob. fr. %{mR}) a mortal, man, (esp.) young man, lover, suitor RV. VS. Br. (pl. people
    voc. often used as a kind of particle
    cf. VPra1t. ii, 16 and %{bhos})
    a stallion RV. vii, 56, 16 &c.
    a camel(cf. %{maya}).
  350. मर्या (maryā) (maryā)
    f. (perhaps orig. something clear or shining
    cf. %{marIci} and %{marut}) a mark, limit, boundary
  351. मर्यादा (maryādā) (maryādā)
    f. (doubtful whether fr. %{maryA} + %{dA} or %{maryA} + %{Ada} [fr. %{A} + %{dA}]
    fancifully said to be fr. %{marya} + %{ada}, `" devouring young men "' who are killed in defending boundaries) `" giving or containing clear marks or signs "', a frontier, limit, boundary, border, bank, shore, mark, end, extreme point, goal (in space and time) RV. &c. &c. (%{SaN-mAsmaryAdayA}, within six months VarBr2S.)
    the bounds or limits of morality and propriety, rule or custom, distinct law or definition Mn. MBh. &c.
    a covenant, agreement, bond, contract MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    continuance in the right way, propriety of conduct Ka1v. Pan5cat.
    N. of a kind of ring used as an amulet AV. vi, 81, 2
    N. of the wife of Ava1ci1na (daughter of a king of Vidarbha) MBh.
    of the wife of Deva7tithi (daughter of a king of Videha) ib.
  352. मर्षण (marṣaṇa) (marṣaṇa)
    mfn. (ifc.) enduring, forgiving BhP.
    n. = prec. MBh. R.
  353. मर्षणीय (marṣaṇīya) (marṣaṇīya)
    mfn. to be forgiven or pardoned ib.
    deserving indulgence MBh.
  354. मर्षिन् (marṣin) (marṣin)
    mfn. patient, forgiving, indulgent MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  355. मल (mala) (mala)
    n. (in later language also m.
    prob. fr. %{mlai}) dirt, filth, dust, impurity (physical and moral) AV. &c. &c.
    (in med.) any bodily excretion or secretion (esp. those of the Dha1tus q.v., described as phlegm from chyle, bile from the blood, nose mucus and ear wax from the flesh, perspiration from the fat, nails and hair from the bones, rheum of the eye from the brain
    cf. also the 12 impurities of the body enumerated in Mn. v, 135) Sus3r. Va1gbh. &c.
    (with S3aivas), original sin, natural impurity Sarvad.
    camphor
    Os Sepiae
    m. the son of a S3u1dra and a Ma1luki1
    (%{A}) f. Flacourtia Cataphracta
    n. tanned leather, a leathern or dirty garment (?) RV. x, 136, 2
    a kind of brass or bell-metal
    the tip of a scorpion's tail(v.l. %{ala})
    mfn. dirty, niggardly
    unbelieving, godless[Cf. Gk. $
    &240436[792,1] Lat. {ma8lus}
    Lith. {mo4lis}, {me4lynas}.]
  356. मलय (malaya) (malaya)
    m. (Un2. iv, 99) N. of a mountain range on the west of Malabar, the western Gha1ts (abounding in sandal trees) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    of the country Malabar and (pl.) its inhabitants ib.
    of another country (= %{zailA7Mza-dezaH}, or %{zailA7Ggo@d-})
    of an Upa-dvi1pa
    of a son of Garud2a MBh. (B. %{mAlaya})
    of a son of R2ishabha BhP.
    of a poet Cat.
    a celestial grove (= %{nandana-vana})
    a garden
    (in music) a kind of measure Sam2gi1t.
    (%{A}) f. Ipomoea Turpethum
    N. of a woman Va1s., Introd.
  357. मलयज (malayaja) (malayaja)
    mfn. growing on the MMalaya mmountains
    m. a sandal tree MBh.
    N. of a poet Cat.
    n. sandal Ka1v. Sus3r.
    N. of Ra1hu
    %{-rajas} n. the dust of ssandal Bhartr2.
    %{-rasa} n. ssandal water Va1m.
    %{-jA7lepa} m. ssandal unguent S3ukas.
  358. मलिन (malina) (malina)
    mfn. dirty, filthy, impure, soiled, tarnished (lit. and fig.) Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    of a dark colour, gray, dark gray, black S3is3. Ra1jat. &c.
    m. a religious mendicant wearing dirty clothes (perhaps) a Pa1s3upata Vishn2.
    N. of a son of Tan6su VP. (v.l. %{anila})
    (%{A} [Pra7yas3c.] or %{I} [L.]) f. a woman during menstruation
    n. a vile or bad action Pan5cat. Bhartr2. Viddh.
    buttermilk
    water
    borax&c. see col. 2.
  359. मल्ल (malla) (malla)
    m. a wrestler or boxer by profession (the offspring of an out-caste Kshatriya by a Kshkshatriya female who was previously the wife of another out-caste Mn. x, 22
    xii, 45), an athlete, a very strong man MBh. Hariv. Var. &c.
    N. of a king called Na1ra1yan2a Cat.
    of the 21st Arhat of the future Utsarpin2i1.
    of an Asura (see %{mallA7sura})
    of various men Ra1jat.
    a vessel, boiler DivyA7v. (also %{I} f. L.)
    the remnant of an oblation
    a kind of fish (= %{kapAlin})
    the cheek and temples
    pl. N. of a people MBh. Hariv. &c.
    (%{A}) f. a woman
    N. of two women Ra1jat.
    ornamenting the person with coloured unguents (= %{pattra-vallI})
    Arabian jasmine (cf. %{mallikA})
    mfn. strong, robust
    good, excellent L.
  360. मल्लि (malli) (malli)
    m. the act of having, holding, possessing W. (cf. %{mali})
    N. of the 19th Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i1
    f. (= %{mallikA}) Jasminum Zambac (also %{I}) Prasannar.
    earthenware
    a seat L.
  361. मल्लिक (mallika) (mallika)
    m. a kind of goose with dark-coloured or brown legs and bill
    a shuttle
    the month Ma1gha
    (%{ikA}) f. see under %{mallaka}.
  362. मसृण (masṛṇa) (masṛṇa)
    mfn. soft, smooth, tender, mild, bland Ka1v. Katha1s. &c.
    (%{A}, or %{I}) f. Linum Usitatissimum L.
  363. मसृणत्व (masṛṇatva) (masṛṇatva)
    n. softness, mildness Va1m.
  364. मस्त (masta) (masta)
    mfn. measured MW.
    n. (= %{mastaka}) the head Dhu1rtas. and %{-taka}, %{masti} &c. see p. 793.
  365. मस्तक (mastaka) (mastaka)
    m. n. (Un2. iii, 148 Sch.) the head, skull Mn. MBh. &c.
    the upper part of anything, top, summit (esp. of mountains or trees) ib. (%{-kam} ind. = on the top of, upon e.g. %{cullI-mastakam}, upon the hearth Pan5cat.)
    the tuft of leaves which grows at the top of various species of palm trees Sus3r.
    N. of a partic. form of Siva Sarvad.
  366. मस्तिष्क (mastiṣka) (mastiṣka)
    m. n. the brain RV. &c. &c.
    any medicine or substance acting upon the brain Sus3r.
  367. मस्तुलुङ्ग (mastuluṅga) (mastuluṅga)
    or m. n. the brain Sus3r. S3a1rn3gS. (cf. %{mastaka-luGga}).
  368. महत् (mahat) (mahat)
    mfn. (orig. pr. p. of 1. %{mah}
    strong form, %{mahAnt} f. %{mahatI4}
    in ep. often %{mahat} for %{mahAntam}
    ibc. mostly %{mahA} q.v.) great (in space, time, quantity or degree) i.e. large, big, huge, ample, extensive, long, abundant, numerous, considerable, important, high, eminent RV. &c. &c. (also ind. in %{mahad-bhU}, to become great or full [said of the moon] S3is3.)
    abounding on rich in (instr.) ChUp.
    (ifc.) distinguished by S3ak.
    early (morning) ib.
    advanced (afternoon) MBh.
    violent (pain or emotion) ib.
    thick (as darkness), gross ib.
    loud (as noise) La1t2y.
    many (people, with %{jana} sg.) MBh. (with %{uktha} n. a partic. Uktha of 720 verses
    with %{aukthya} n. N. of a Sa1man MBh.
    %{mahAnti@bhUtAni}, the gross elements Mn. MBh.
    cf. %{mahAbhUta})
    m. a great or noble man (opp. to %{nIca}, %{alpa} or %{dIna}) Ka1v. Ka1m. Pan5cat.
    the leader of a sect or superior of a monastery RTL. 87 n. 1
    a camel
    N. of Rudra or of a partic. RRudra BhP.
    of a Da1nava Hariv.
    (scil. %{gaNa}), a partic. class of deceased progenitors Ma1rkP.
    of two princes VP.
    m. (rarely n. scil. %{tattva}), `" the great principle "'N. of Buddhi, `" Intellect "', or the intellectual principle (according to the Sa1m2khya philosophy the second of the 23 principles produced from Prakr2iti and so called as the {great} source of Aham2ka1ra, `" self-consciousness "', and Manas, `" the mind "'
    cf. IW. 83, 91 &c.) MaitrUp. Mn. Sa1m2khyak. MBh. &c.
    (%{atI}) f. the egg-plant Bhpr.
    the (7 or 100-stringed) lute of Na1rada S3is3.
    (with %{dvAdazI}), the 12th day in the light half of the month Bha1drapada Pur. Sus3r.
    n. anything great or important ChUp.
    greatness, power, might S3Br. A1s3vGr2.
    dominion
    a great thing, important matter, the greater part A1s3vGr2.
    advanced state or time (%{mahati4@rAtriyai} or %{rAtryai}, in the middle of the night TS. Br.)
    sacred knowledge MBh. %{maha4n} &c. see p. 794, cols. 2, 3.
  369. महत्तम (mahattama) (mahattama)
    mfn. greatest or very great
    %{-pada} mfn. holding a great or high position (said of a saint) DivyA7v.
  370. महर्लोक (maharloka) (maharloka)
    m. (BhP.) id.
  371. महस् (mahas) (mahas)
    n. greatness, might, power, glory (instr. pl. greatly, mightily &c.)Br. Up.
    joy, gladness, pleasure VS. AV. TBr. (%{-a4s} ind. gladly, briskly, swiftly RV.)
    a festival or a festive hymn Pan5car.
    a sacrifice, oblation
    light, splendour, majesty Inscr. Ka1v. Katha1s. BhP.
    the fourth of the seven worlds (written %{mahar}
    see above and cf. %{vyAhRti})
    = %{udaka}, water Naigh. i, 12
    N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
  372. महातपस् (mahātapas) (mahātapas)
    mfn. very afflicted MBh.
    practising severe penance or great religious austerities Mn. MBh. R.
    m. a great ascetic MW.
    N. of Vishn2u
    of S3iva RTL. 83
    of a Muni Hit. Katha1s.
    %{-paHsaptamI} f. `" the 7th (day in a partic. half month) of severe penance "', a partic. festival Cat.
  373. महातेजस् (mahātejas) (mahātejas)
    mfn. of great splendour, full of fire, of grgreat majesty (said of gods and men) Mn. MBh. R.
    m. a hero, demigod W.
    fire
    N. of Skanda
    of Su-brahman2ya
    of a warrior Cat.
    of a king of the Garud2as Buddh.
    n. quicksilver
    %{-jo-garbha} m. a kind of meditation Buddh.
  374. महाधन (mahādhana) (mahādhana)
    n. great spoil or booty (taken in battle) RV.
    a grgreat contest, grgreat battle ib. Naigh.
    great wealth or riches Var. Katha1s.
    agriculture
    mf(%{A})n. costing much money, very costly or precious or valuable MBh. Hariv. R. Ca1n2.
    having much money, rich, wealthy R. Pan5cat. Hit. &c.
    m. N. of a merchant Katha1s. Vet.
    n. anything costly or precious W.
    gold
    incense
    costly raiment
    %{-pati} m. a very rich man Katha1s.
  375. महानवमी (mahānavamī) (mahānavamī)
    f. the 9th day in the light half of the month A1s3vina Ka1lP. Tithya1d.
    the last of the 9 days or nights dedicated to the worship of Durga1, the llast ddays of the DDurga1-pu1ja1 MW.
    %{-pUjA} f. N. of wk.
  376. महानस (mahānasa) (mahānasa)
    (%{-hA7n-}) n. a heavy waggon or cart, S3rS.
    a kitchen (also m.) Gobh. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c.
    cooking utensils (?) Ka1tyS3r.
    m. N. of a mountain BhP.
    (%{I}) f. a cook, kitchen-maid MBh.
    %{-sA7dhyakSa} m. a chief kitchen-superintendent BhP.
  377. महाप्रस्थानिक (mahāprasthānika) (mahāprasthānika)
    mfn. relating to the great journey or dying MBh. R.
    %{-parvan} n. = %{mahA-prasthAna-p-} above.
  378. महाप्राण (mahāprāṇa) (mahāprāṇa)
    m. the hard breathing or aspirate (heard in the utterance of certain letters) Pa1n2. 1-1, 9 Sch.
    the aspirated letters themselves A.
    grgreat spirit or power (see %{su-mahA-p-})
    mfn. pronounced with the hard breathing or aspirate Pa1n2. 8-4, 62 Sch.
    of grgreat bodily strength or endurance Ka1d.
    `" making a harsh breathing or cry "', a raven(cf. %{alpa-p-}, %{mAhAp-}).
  379. महाबाहु (mahābāhu) (mahābāhu)
    mfn. long-armed MBh. R. Ma1rkP.
    N. of Vishn2u MBh.
    of a Da1nava Hariv.
    of a Ra1kshasa R.
    of one of the sons of Dhr2ita-ra1sht2ra MBh.
    of a king Katha1s.
  380. महाभाग (mahābhāga) (mahābhāga)
    mf(%{A})n. one to whom a grgreat portion or lot has fallen, highly fortunate, eminent in the highest degree, illustrious, highly distinguished (mostly of persons and frequently in address) Mn. MBh. Hariv. &c.
    virtuous in a high degree, pure, holy W.
    m. grgreat luck, prosperity MW.
    N. of a king VP.
    (%{A}) f. N. of Da1ksha1yan2i1 in Maha7laya Cat.
    %{-tA} f. (W.) or %{-tva} n. (MW.) high excellence, grgreat good fortune, exalted station or merit
    the possessing of the 8 cardinal virtues.
  381. महामुख (mahāmukha) (mahāmukha)
    n. a grgreat mouth Var.
    the grgreat embouchure of a river Hariv.
    mf(%{I})n. largemouthed (said of S3iva) MBh.
    having a grgreat embouchure Ka1tyS3r.
    m. a crocodile
    N. of a Jina Gal.
    of a man MBh.
  382. महाराज (mahārāja) (mahārāja)
    m. a great king, reigning prince, supreme sovereign Br. &c. &c.
    N. of the moon MaitrS.
    of a partic. deity Ma1nGr2. (%{-rAjan@}!) A1past.
    of Kubera TA1r.
    of Vishn2u BhP.
    pl. (with Buddhists) a partic. class of divine beings (the guardians of the earth and heavens against the demons) MWB. 206
    a Jina Gal.
    N. of Man5jus3ri1
    of the successors of Vallabha7ca1rya (founder of a sect) RTL. 135 &c.
    a finger-nail
    %{-kulIna} mfn. belonging to a race of grgreat kings R.
    %{-cUta} m. a kind of mango
    %{-druma} m. Cathartocarpus Fistula
    %{-nighaNTu} m. N. of wk.
    %{-phala} m. a kind of mango
    %{-mizra} m. N. of a man Cat.
    %{-jA7GgaNa} (or %{-gana}) n. the courtyard in the palace of a reigning prince R.
    %{-jA7dhirAja} m. a paramount sovereign, emperor Ka1d.
  383. महार्ह (mahārha) (mahārha)
    (%{-hA7r-}) mfn. very worthy or deserving, very valuable or precious, splendid MBh. R. &c.
    n. white sandal-wood L.
  384. महाशय (mahāśaya) (mahāśaya)
    (%{-hA7z-}) m. `" great receptacle "', the ocean
    mfn. having a noble disposition, high-minded, magnanimous, noble, liberal, open, unsuspicious, Asht2a1vS. Hit. Katha1s. &c.
    m. a respectable person, gentleman (sometimes a term of respectful address = Sir, Master) MW.
  385. मही (mahī) (mahī)
    1 f. (cf. 2. %{ma4h}), the great world "', the earth (cf. %{urvI}, %{pRthivI}) RV. &c. &c. (in later language also = ground, soil, land, country)
    earth (as a substance) Mn. vii, 70
    the base of a triangle or other plane figure Col.
    space RV. iii, 56, 2
    v, 44, 6 &c.
    a host, army ib. iii, 1, 12
    vii, 93, 5 &c.
    a cow RV. VS. (Naigh. ii, 11)
    du. heaven and earth RV. i, 80, 11
    159, 1 &c. (Naigh. iii, 30)
    pl. waters, streams RV. ii. 11, 2
    v, 45, 3 &c.
    Hingtsha Repens
    a kind of metre Col.
    N. of a divine being (associated with Id2a1 and Sarasvati1 RV. i, 13, 9 Sa1y.
    cf. Naigh. i, 11)
    of a river MBh. Hariv.
    of the number `" one "' Gan2it.
  386. महिमन् (mahiman) (mahiman)
    m. greatness, might, power, majesty, glory RV. &c. &c. (%{-himnA4} or %{-hinA4} ind. mightily, forcibly RV.)
    the magical power of increasing size at will Vet. Pan5car. (cf. MWB. 245)
    magnitude (as one of S3iva's attributes
    %{-mnaH@stava} m. %{stuti} f. %{stotra} n. N. of hymns
    cf. %{mahimastava})
    N. of a man Ra1jat.
    a N. of Mammat2a q.v. Cat.
    du. N. of two Grahas at the As3va-medha sacrifice S3Br. S3rS.
  387. महिला (mahilā) (mahilā)
    f. (accord. to Un2
    . i, 55 fr. 1. %{mah}) a woman, female Hit. Sa1h. (cf. %{mahelA})
    a woman literally or figuratively intoxicated
    a partic. fragrant drug(= %{priyaGgu} Bhpr.)
    N. of a river Sin6ha7s.
  388. महिष (mahiṣa) (mahiṣa)
    mf(%{ma4hiSI})n. great, powerful Naigh. iii, 3
    m. (with %{supara4}) the sun AV.
    (with or scil. %{mRga4}, once with %{mRgA4NAm}) a buffalo RV. &c. &c. (considered as the emblem of Yama and of a Jaina saint)
    a great priest Mahi1dh.
    the son of a Kshatriya and a Ti1vari1
    N. of an Asura (slain by Durga1 or Skanda) MBh. Pur.
    of a Sa1dhya Hariv.
    of a sage (author of a Comm. on the Pra1t. of the Yajur-veda) Cat.
    of a mountain in S3a1lmaladvi1pa VP.
    pl. N. of a people Hariv.
    (%{I}) f. see below.
  389. महिष्ठ (mahiṣṭha) (mahiṣṭha)
    mfn. greatest, largest BhP.
  390. महिष्मत् (mahiṣmat) (mahiṣmat)
    mfn. (fr. %{mahiSa}) rich in buffaloes Pa1n2. 4-2, 87 Va1rtt.
    m. N. of a king Hariv. Pur.
    (%{atI}) f. N. of a partic. lunar day (personified as a daughter of An3giras) MBh.
  391. महीपति (mahīpati) (mahīpati)
    m. `" eearth-lord "', a king, sovereign (%{-tva} n.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    a kind of big lime L.
  392. महीभुज् (mahībhuj) (mahībhuj)
    m. `" earth-enjoyer "', a king Ka1v. Katha1s.
  393. महीयस् (mahīyas) (mahīyas)
    mfn. greater, mightier, stronger (or, very great, vvery mighty &c. "') Up. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (with %{hAsa} m. very loud laughter
    with %{kula} n. a very noble family).
  394. महेन्द्र (mahendra) (mahendra)
    m. the great Indra AV. &c. &c. (also applied to Vishn2u [R.] and S3iva [S3ivag.])
    a partic. star VP.
    a great chief or leader (%{sarva-devAnAm}) Nal.
    a partic. high number Buddh.
    N. of a younger brother (or son) of As3oka (who carried the Buddhist doctrine into Ceylon) MWB. 59
    of another prince (= Kuma1ra-gupta) Inscr.
    of a poet Cat.
    of various other writers and teachers (also with %{AcArya} and %{sUri}) ib.
    of a mountain or range of mmountain (said to be one of the 7 principal chains in India, and sometimes identified with the northern parts of the Ghats) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    of a Place MW.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river MBh.
    (%{I}) f. a species of plant
    %{-kadalI} f. a species of banana
    %{-ketu} m. great Indra's banner Var.
    %{-gupta} m. N. of a prince Inscr.
    %{-guru} m. `" grgreat IInscr's teacher "'N. of the planet Jupiter (= Br2ihas-pati) Var.
    %{-cApa} m. `" grgreat IInscr's bow "', a rainbow Hariv. Ka1v.
    %{-jit} m. N. of Garud2a
    %{-tva} n. the name or rank of grgreat IInscr AitBr. MBh.
    %{-devI} f. the wife of grgreat IInscr VarBr2S. Sch.
    %{-dhvaja} m. = %{-ketu} VarBr2S.
    %{-nagarI} f. `" grgreat IInscr's city "' i.e. Amara1-vati1
    %{-nAtha} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-pAla} m. N. of a king (also called %{nirbhaya-rAja}, the pupil and patron of Ra1ja-s3ekhara) Ba1lar., Introd.
    %{-mantrin} m. `" grgreat lloud's counsellor "', the planet Jupiter Var. (cf. %{-guru}) [802,2]
    %{-mandira} n. grgreat IInscr's palace Vikr.
    %{-maho7tsava} m. a grgreat festival in honour of grgreat IInscr Cat.
    %{-yAga-prayoga} m. N. of wk.
    %{-yAjin} mfn. one who worships grgreat IInscr Ma1nS3r.
    %{-varman} m. N. of a prince
    %{-vAruNI} f. a species of plant
    %{-zakti} m. N. of a man Katha1s.
    %{-siMha} m. N. of a king Inscr.
    %{-drA7cArya-ziSya} m. N. of an astronomer Cat.
    %{-drANI} f. `" the wife of grgreat IInscr "' i.e. S3aci1 MBh.
    %{-drA7ditya} m. N. of a king Katha1s.
    %{-drA7dri} m. N. of a mountain BhP.
    %{-driya} mfn. sacred or belonging to grgreat IInscr Pa1n2. 4-2, 29
    %{-drIya} mfn. id. ib. (with %{graha} m. Ka1t2h.)
    %{-dro7tsava} m. festival of grgreat IInscr MW.
  395. महेश्वर (maheśvara) (maheśvara)
    m. a great lord, sovereign, chief S3vetUp. MBh. &c. (with %{tridazAnAm}, `" chief of the gods "' i.e. Indra)
    a god (opp. to %{prakRti}) S3vetUp.
    N. of various gods (esp. of S3iva and of Kr2ishn2a
    pl. of the Loka-pa1las or guardians of the world, viz. Indra, Agni, Yama and Varun2a) MBh. R. &c.
    of a Deva-putra Lalit.
    of various authors and other men Inscr. Siddha7ntas3. Cat.
    bdellium
    (%{I}) f. N. of Durga1 Tantras. (IW. 522)
    of Da1ksha1yan2i1 in Maha1-ka1la Cat.
    a kind of brass or bell-metal
    Clitoria Ternatea
    %{-kara-cyutA} f. `" dropped from the hand of S3iva "'N. of the river Kara-toya1
    %{-tIrtha} m. N. of a Sch. on R. and of another author Cat.
    %{-tva} n. supreme lordship or dominion Up.
    %{-datta} m. N. of a merchant HParis3.
    %{-dIkSita} m. N. of an author (%{-tIya} n. his wk.) Cat.
    %{-dIpa} m. %{-dharmA7dharma} m. or n. N. of wks.
    %{nyAyA7laMkAra} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-bhaTTa} m. N. of an author (%{-TIya} n. his wk.) ib.
    %{-liGga} n. N. of a Lin3ga Kshiti7s3.
    %{-vaidya} m. N. of a lexicographer Col.
    %{-siMha} m. N. of a king of Mithila1 (patron of Ratna-pa1n2i) Cat.
    %{-siddhA7nta} m. = %{pazu-pati-zAstra} q.v. Col.
    %{-rA7nanda} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-rIya} n. N. of wk.
  396. महोदय (mahodaya) (mahodaya)
    m. great fortune or prosperity Ka1v. BhP.
    pre-eminence, sovereignty
    final emancipation
    mfn. conferring grgreat fortune or prosperity, very fortunate Mn. MBh. &c.
    thinking one's self very lucky BhP.
    m. a lord, master
    sour milk with honey
    N. of a Va1sisht2ha R.
    of a royal chamberlain (who built a temple) Ra1jat. (cf. below)
    of another man MBh.
    of a mountain R.
    (%{A}) f. N. of the city and district of Ka1nya-kubja Ba1lar. (also m. L.)
    Uraria Lagopodioides
    an overgrown maiden
    N. of a mythical town on mount Meru BhP. Sch.
    of a hall or dwelling in the world of the moon Ka1d. [802,3]
    %{-svAmin} m. N. of a temple built by Maho7daya Ra1jat.
  397. मांस् (māṁs) (māṃs)
    n. flesh, meat &c. (= %{maMsa}, for which it is used in the weak cases accord. to Pa1n2. 6-1, 63 Va1rtt. i Pat.)
    it appears only in the following compounds.
  398. मांस (māṁsa) (māṃsa)
    n. sg. and pl. flesh, meat RV. &c. &c. (also said of the fleshy part or pulp of fruit Sus3r.)
    m. N. of a mixed caste MBh. (= %{mAMsa-vikretR} Ni1lak.)
    a worm
    time
    (%{I}) f. Nardostachys Jatamansi Var. Sus3r.
    = %{kakkolI}, f.
    = %{mAMsa-cchadA}[Cf. Slav. {meso}
    Pruss. {mensa}
    Lith. {mesa45.}]
  399. मागध (māgadha) (māgadha)
    mf(%{I})n. relating to or born in or living in or customary among the Magadhas or the Magadha country AV.Paris3. Lalit. &c.
    m. a king of the MMagadha MBh. Hariv.
    N. of a mixed caste AV. &c. &c. (accord to Mn. x, 11 the son of a Kshatriya mother and a Vais3ya father
    he is the professional bard or panegyrist of a king, often associated with %{suta} and %{bandin} MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    accord. to others one who informs a Ra1ja of what occurs in bazaars
    also an unmarried woman's son who lives by running messages or who cleans wells or dirty clothes &c.
    also opprobrious N. of a tribe still numerous in GujarSt, and called the Bha1ts W.)
    white cumin
    N. of one of the seven sages in the 14th Manv-antara Hariv.
    of a son of Yadu ib.
    (pl.) N. of a people (= %{magadhAH}) AV.Paris3. MBh. &c.
    of the warrior-caste in S3a1ka-dvi0pa VP.
    of a dynasty ib.
    (%{A}) f. a princess of the Magadhas PadmaP.
    long pepper
    (%{I}) f. a princess of the MMagadhas MBh. R.
    the daughter of a Kshatriya mother and a Vais3ya father MBh.
    a female bard Ka1d.
    (with or scil. %{bhASA}), the language of the MMagadhas (one of the Prakr2it dialects) Sa1h. &c. (cf. %{ardha-m-})
    Jasminum Auriculatum
    a kind of spice Sus3r. (long pepper
    white cumin
    anise
    dill
    a species of cardamoms grown in Gujarat. L.)
    refined sugar
    a kind of metre VarBr2S.
    N. of a river (= %{zoNA}) R.
  400. माघ (māgha) (māgha)
    mf(%{I})n. relating to the constellation Magha1, S3a1rn3gS. MBh.
    m. (scil. %{mAsa}) the month Ma1gha (which has its full moon in the constconstellation MMa1gha, and corresponds to our January-February) S3Br. &c. &c.
    N. of a poet (son of Dattaka and grandson of Suprabha-deva, author of the S3is3upa1la-vadha, hence called Ma1gha-ka1vya
    cf. IW.392 n. 2)
    of a merchant Vi1rac.
    (%{I}) f. see below.
  401. माणिक (māṇika) (māṇika)
    m. a jeweller Campak.
    (%{A}) f. a partic. weight ( = 2 Kud2avas, = 1 S3ara1va, = 8 Palas) S3a1rn3gS.
  402. माणिक्य (māṇikya) (māṇikya)
    ruby, ka1v. Katha1s. &c.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of small house-lizard
    m. N. of a man Ra1jat.
    (with %{sUri}) N. of an author Cat.
  403. माण्डूक (māṇḍūka) (māṇḍūka)
    mf(%{I})n. derived from the Mand2u1kas (%{zikSA})
    m.pl. N. of a Vedic school ib.
    (%{mA4NDUkI}) f. N. of a woman
    %{-kI-pu4tra} m. N. of a teacher S3Br.
  404. माण्डूकेय (māṇḍūkeya) (māṇḍūkeya)
    m. patr. of a teacher (pl. his descendants) Gr2S. AitA1r.
    n. the doctrine of MMa1n2d2u1keya Gr2S.
  405. मातृ (mātṛ) (mātṛ)
    1 m. (for 2. %{mAtR4} f. see p. 807, col. 1) a measurer, Nix. xi, 5
    one who measures across or traverses RV. viii, 41, 4 (cf. 10)
    a knower, one who has true knowledge Cat.
    N. of a Partic. caste ib. (w.r. for %{mADava}?)
    of an author Br2ih.
  406. मातरिश्वन् (mātariśvan) (mātariśvan)
    m. (%{mAtari4-}
    prob., `" growing in the mmother "' i.e. in the fire-stick, fr. %{zvi}) N. of Agni or of a divine being closely connected with him (the messenger of Vivasvat, who brings down the hidden Fire to the Bhr2igus, and is identified by Sa1y. on RV. i, 93, 6 with Va1yu, the Wind)[807,3]
    (doubtful for RV.) air, wind, breeze AV. &c. &c. (cf. Nir. vii, 26)
    N. of S3iva S3ivag.
    of a son of Garud2a MBh.
    of a R2ishi RV.
  407. मातलि (mātali) (mātali)
    m. N. of Indra's charioteer MBh. Ka1v. &c. [807,1]
  408. मातुल (mātula) (mātula)
    &c. see col. 3. m. a maternal uncle (often in respectful or familiar address, esp. in fables) Gr2S. Mn. MBh. &c.
    N. of the solar year
    the thorn-apple tree
    a species of grain
    a kind of snake
    (%{A}) f. the wife of a matmaternal uncle, matmaternal aunt
    (%{I}). f. id.
    hemp
    mf(%{A} or %{I})n. belonging to or existing in a matmaternal uncle S3ukas. (v.l.)
  409. मातुलुङ्ग (mātuluṅga) (mātuluṅga)
    m. and n. = prec. m. and n. Sus3r.
    (%{A} or %{I}) f. another species of citron tree, sweet lime ib.
  410. मातुलेय (mātuleya) (mātuleya)
    m. the son of a maternal uncle BhP.
    (%{I}) f. the daughter of a maternal uncle ib.
  411. मातृक (mātṛka) (mātṛka)
    mfn. coming from or belonging to a mother, maternal Mn. MBh. &c.
    m. a maternal uncle R.
    (%{A}) f. see next
    n. the nature of a mother R.
  412. मातृहन् (mātṛhan) (mātṛhan)
    m.= %{-ghAta} AV.Paip.
  413. मात्र (mātra) (mātra)
    m. a Bra1hman of the lowest order i.e. only by birth Hcat.
    (%{A}) f. see s.v.
    n. an element, elementary matter BhP.
    (ifc.) measure, quantity, sum, size, duration, measure of any kind (whether of height, depth, breadth, length, distance, time or number e.g. %{aGgula-mAtram}, a finger's breadth Pan5cat.
    %{artha-mAtram}, a certain sum of money ib.
    %{kroza}. %{mAtre}, at the distance of a Kos Hit. [804,3]
    %{mAsa-mAtre}, in a month La1t2y.
    %{zata-mAtram}, a hundred in number Katha1s.)
    the full or simple measure of anything, the whole or totality, the one thing and no more, often = nothing but, entirely, only (e.g. %{rAja-mAtram}, the whole class of kings S3a1n3khSr.
    %{bhaya-m-}, all that may be called danger, any danger VarBr2S.
    %{rati-m-}, nothing but sensuality Mn.
    %{zabda-mAtreNa}, only by a sound S3ak.)
    mf(%{A} and %{I})n. (ifc.) having the measure of i.e. as large or high or long or broad or deep or far or much or many (cf. %{aGguSTha-}, %{tAla-}, %{bAhu-}, %{yava-}, %{tavan-}, %{etavan} mmany)
    Possessing (only) as much as or no more than (cf. %{prA7Na-yAsrika-m-})
    amounting (only) to (pleonastically after numerals
    cf. %{tri-m-})
    being nothing but, simply or merely (cf. %{padAti-}, %{manuSya-m-}
    after a pp. = scarcely, as soon as, merely, just e.g. %{jAta-m-}, scarcely or just born Mn.
    %{kRSTa-m-}, merely ploughed Ka1tyS3r.
    %{bhukta-mAtre}, immediately after eating Mn.) %{-traka} &c. see p. 804, cols. 2, 3.
  414. मात्राछन्दस् (mātrāchandas) (mātrāchandas)
    n. a metre measured by the number of prosodial instants Col. (cf. %{akSara-} and %{gaNa-cch-}).
  415. मात्रासमक (mātrāsamaka) (mātrāsamaka)
    N. of a class of metres Col.
  416. मात्रास्पर्श (mātrāsparśa) (mātrāsparśa)
    m. material contact, the concurrence of material elements Bhag.
  417. मात्सर्य (mātsarya) (mātsarya)
    n. envy, jealousy, MaitriUp. MBh. &c. (with Buddhists 5 kinds are named Dharmas. 78
    %{-ryaM-kR4}, to show jealousy MBh.)
    displeasure, dissatisfaction Katha1s.
  418. माद (māda) (māda)
    m. (2. %{mad}) drunkenness, exhilaration, delight. passion, stupor
    fighting war Sa1y. (cf. %{gandha-} and %{sadha-m-}).
  419. मादन (mādana) (mādana)
    mfn. exhilarating, delighting RV.
    maddening. intoxicating Sus3r.
    m. the god of love
    Vanguiera Spinosa
    the thorn-apple
    (%{I}) f. N. of two plants (= %{mAkandI} and %{vijayA})
    n. intoxication, exhilaration
    `" stupefier "'N. of a mythica1 weapon. R. (v.l. %{madana}).
  420. मास् (mās) (mās)
    1 n. = %{mAMs}, flesh, meat RV. 2 in, (3. %{mA}
    pl. instr. %{mAdbhi4s} RV.
    loc. %{mAssu} Pan5cavBr., %{mAsu4} TS.) the moon RV. (cf. %{candra}. and %{sUrya-mAs})
    a month ib. &c, &c. [Cf. Gk. $, $
    Lat. {Ma1na}, {mensis}
    Slav. &247046[814,3] {me8seci8}
    Lith. {me3nu-}, {menesis}
    Goth, {me7na}
    Germ. {ma7no}, {ma7ne}, {Mond}
    Angl. Sax. {mo7na}
    Eng. {moon} 1.]
  421. माद्री (mādrī) (mādrī)
    f. a species of plant (= %{ativlSA})
    `" princess of the Madras "'N. of the second wife of Pa1n2d2u and mother of the twins Nakula and Sahadeva (who were really the sons of the As3vins) MBh. Hariv. &c.
    of the wife of Saha-deva (also called Vijaya1) MBh.
    of the wife of Krosht2u Hariv.
    of the wife of Kr2ishn2a ib. VP.
  422. माधव (mādhava) (mādhava)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{madhu}
    f. %{A} only in %{mAdhavA} [= %{madhavyA}] %{tanUH} Pa1n2. 4-4, 129 Sch.) relating to spring, vernal Hariv. Vikr. Katha1s.
    belonging or peculiar to the descendants of Madhu i.e. the Ya1davas Hariv.
    representing Kr2ishna (as a picture) Hcat.
    M. N. of the second month of spring (more usually called Vais3a1kha, = April-May) TS. &c. &c. spring Ka1v. Pan5car.
    Bassia Latifolia
    Latifolia
    Phaseolus Mungo
    a son or descendant of Madhu, a man of the race of Yadu (sg. esp. N. of Kr2ishn2a-Vishn2u or of Paras3u-ra1ma as an incarnation of this god
    pl. the Ya1davas or Vr2ishn2is) MBh. R. Hariv. BhP.
    N. of S3iva S3ivag.
    of Indra Pan5cat. Vet. (w.r. for %{vAsava}?)
    of a son of the third Manu Hariv.
    of one of the 7 sages under Manu Bhautya Ma1rkP.
    of the hero of Bhava-bhu1ti's drama Ma1lati1-ma1dhava
    of various other men Katha1s. Hit. &c.
    of various scholars and poets (also with %{paNDita}, %{bhaTTa} %{mizra}, %{yogin}, %{vaidya}, %{sarasvatI} &c.
    cf. %{mAdhavA7cArya})
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. sweetness
    (also m.) a partic. intoxicating drink L.
  423. माधव्य (mādhavya) (mādhavya)
    m. (patr. fr. %{madhu} Pa1n2. 4-1, 106) N. of the Vidu1shaka in Ka1lidasa's drama S3akuntala1.
  424. माधुर्य (mādhurya) (mādhurya)
    n. sweetness Ka1v. Sus3r.
    loveliness, exquisite beauty, charm MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (with Vaishn2avas) a feeling of tender affection (for Kr2ishn2a like that of a girl for her lover) RTL. 141
    (in rhet.) grace of style (esp. consisting in the employment of separated words in a sentence, as opp. to %{zleSa} q.v.) Va1m. Kpr. &c.
    mfn. sweetly speaking Kull. on Mn. x, 33.
  425. माध्यम (mādhyama) (mādhyama)
    mfn. (fr. %{madhyama}) relating to the middle, middlemost, central (also applied to the composers of the middle portion of the R2ig-veda i.e. of books ii-vii) S3a1n3khBr. Gr2S. Pat.
    middleborn W.
    m. pl. N. of a race Pravar.
  426. माध्यमिक (mādhyamika) (mādhyamika)
    mfn. (fr. %{madhyama}) = %{ma4dhyamaka} Nir. (also applied to a kind of cloth Pat.)
    m. pl. N. of a Buddhist school MWB. 157
    159
    of a people in central India VarBr2S.
  427. माध्व (mādhva) (mādhva)
    m. an adherent of Madhva (see p. 782, col. 3) W.
  428. मान (māna) (māna)
    2 see p. 809, col. 3.
  429. मान (māna) (māna)
    2 see p. 809, col. 3.
  430. मानव (mānava) (mānava)
    mf(%{I4})n. (fr. %{ma4nu}) descended from or belonging to man or Manu, human RV. &c. &c.
    favouring men RV. ix, 98, 9
    m. a human being, man RV., &c. &c.
    patr. fr. %{ma4nu} (N. of Na1bha1-nedisht2ha, Sa1rya1ta, Cakshus, Nahusha, Bhr2igu. Su-dyumna, Karu1sha, and Deva-hu1ti) Br. Pur. &c.
    N. of a cosmic period VP.
    pl. the children of men, mankind RV. &c. &c.
    the races of men (of which 5 or 7 are reckoned) AV. Br.
    the subjects of a king Mn. R.
    N. of a school of the black Yajurveda Hcat.
    (%{I}) f. a daughter of man, a woman RV. &c. &c.
    Jasminum Auriculatum
    N. of a Vidya1-devi1
    of a goddess (executing the commands of the 11th Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i1)
    of a river MBh. (v.l. %{tAnsasI})
    pl. N. of partic. verses Gaut.
    n. a man's length (as a measure) VarBr2S.
    1 partic. penance Pra7yasc.
    N. of various Sa1mans A1rshBr. [810,1]
    of Manu's law-book Vas.
    of a Varsha Cat.
  431. मानस (mānasa) (mānasa)
    mf(%{I}, once %{A})n. (fr. %{ma4nas}) belonging to the mind or spirit, mental, spiritual (opp. to %{zArirA}, corporeal) VS. &c. &c.
    expressed only in the mind, performed in thought i.e. silent, tacit (as a hymn or prayer) S3rS. Mn. MBh.
    conceived or present in the mind, conceivable, imaginable R.
    relating to or dwelling on the lake Ma1nasa (see n. below) BhP.
    m. a form of Vishn2u VP.
    N. of a serpent-demon MBh.
    of a son of Vapush-mat Ma1rkP.
    pl. a partic. class of deceased ancestors (regarded as sons of Vasisht2ha) Cat.
    a class of ascetics Ra1matUp.
    N. of the Vais3yas in S3kadvi1pa MBh.
    of the worlds of the Soma-pa Hariv.
    (%{I}) f. (with %{pUja}) mental or spiritual devotion (opp. to %{mUrti-p-}, adoration of images) RTL. 524
    N. of a Kim2-nari1 Ka1ran2d2.
    of a Vidya1-devi1
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) the mental powers, mind, spirit, heart, soul (= %{manas} g. %{prajJA7di}) Kat2hUp. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (in law) tacit or implied consent W.
    a kind of salt Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    the 25th mansion from that under which one is born VarYogay.
    (with or scil "' %{saras}, or %{tIrtha}) N. of a sacred like and place of pilgrimage on mount Kaila1sa (the native place of the wild geese, which migrate to it every year at the breeding season) MBh. Ka1v. Pur.
    N. of wk. on S3ilpa or art.
  432. मानिन् (mānin) (mānin)
    1 mfn. (fr. %{man} or fr. 1. %{mAna}) thinking, being of opinion Kat2hUp.
    high-minded, haughty, proud towards (%{pratI}) or of (%{-tas}) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    highly honoured or esteemed ib.
    (ifc.) thinking (esp. one's self) to be or have, appearing as or passing for (see %{darzanIya-}, %{paNDita-m-} &c.)
    highly esteeming or honouring (see f.)
    m. Marsilia Dentata
    (%{inI}) f. a disdainful or sulky woman Ka1v.
    (ifc.) the wife of (see %{madhu-mAninI} lit. `" highly esteeming her husband "')
    Aglaia Odorata
    a kind of metre W. (prob. w.r. for %{mAlinI})
    N. of an Apsaras VP.
    of a daughter of Vidu1rastha and wife of Ra1jya-vardhana Ma1rkP. 2 mfn. measuring, applying a measure, measurable VP.
  433. मानिता (mānitā) (mānitā)
    f. (ifc.) the fancying that one possesses, imaginary possession of (%{jJAna-m-}) MBh.
    honouring, esteeming ib.
    pride Kir.
  434. मानित्व (mānitva) (mānitva)
    n. (ifc.) the thinking one's self to be or have MBh.
    pride, arrogance (%{a-m-}) Bhag.
    the being honoured, receiving honour MBh.
  435. मानुष (mānuṣa) (mānuṣa)
    or %{mAnuSa4} mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{manus}) belonging to mankind, human RV. &c. &c.
    favourable or propitious to men, humane
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) a man, human being (pl. the races of men, 5 in number) RV. &c. &c.
    N. of the signs of the zodiac Gemini, Virgo, and Libra VarBr2S.
    (%{I}) f. a woman MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (scil. %{cikitsA}), human medicine "', a branch of medmedicine, the administering of drugs (opp. to %{AsurI} and %{daivIcik-}) W.
    n. the condition or manner or action of men, humanity, manhood RV. &c. &c.
    N. of a place Cat.
  436. मान्धातृ (māndhātṛ) (māndhātṛ)
    m. (cf. %{mandhAtR}) N. of a king (son of Yuvana7s3va, author of RV. x, 134), A1lvS3r. MBh. &c.
    of another prince (son of Madana-pa1la, patron of Vis3ve7vara) Cat.
  437. मान्य (mānya) (mānya)
    mfn. to be respected or honoured, worthy of honour, respectable, venerable Mn. MBh. &c.
    (%{mAnya4}) m. patr. fr. 1. %{mA4na} RV. i, 163, 14, &c.
    N. of Maitra1varun2i (author of RV.viii, 67) RAnukr. see p. 809, col. 3.
  438. माय (māya) (māya)
    mfn. (3. %{mA}) measuring (see %{dhAnya-m-})
    creating illusions (said of Vishn2u) MBh.
    (%{A}) f. see below.
  439. मायु (māyu) (māyu)
    1 m. (for 2. see p. 811, col. 2) bleating, bellowing, lowing, roaringS3rS.
    `" the bleater or bellower "'N. of a partic. animal or of a Kim-purusha S3a1n3khS3r. 2 m. (3. %{mA}
    for 1. %{mAyu4} see p. 804, col. 2) = %{Aditya} Nir.
    sorcery, witchcraft, bad art (cf. %{dur-m-})
    (%{U4}) AV. xviii, 4, 4. 3 m.n. (accord. to Un2. i, 1 fr. 1. %{mi}) gall, bile, the bilious humour
  440. मायामृग (māyāmṛga) (māyāmṛga)
    m. an illusory antelope, phantom deer R.
  441. मायायोग (māyāyoga) (māyāyoga)
    m. the application or employment of illusion, emplemployment of magical arts R. BhP.
  442. मायावाद (māyāvāda) (māyāvāda)
    m. the doctrine affirming the world to be illusion (applied to the doctrine of the Veda1nta and of Buddhism) Cat.
    %{-khaNDana} n. (%{-na-TippaNI} f. %{-na-TIkA} f.), %{khaNDa-vivaraNa} n. %{-saMdUSaNI} f. N. of wks.
  443. मायाविन् (māyāvin) (māyāvin)
    mfn. possessing illusion or magical powers, employing deceit, deluding or deceiving others (%{-vi-tA} f.) RV. MBh. R. &c.
    illusory, creating illusions Ni1lak.
    m. a magician, conjurer, juggler MBh. BhP.
    a cat
    N. of a son of Maya R.
    n. a gall. nut MW.
    %{-vi-mAlikA} f. N. of wk.
  444. मायिक (māyika) (māyika)
    mfn. illusory, creating illusion Pan5car.
    practising deceit, deceiving others
    m. a conjurer, juggler
    n. or (%{A}) f. a gall-nut L.
  445. मार (māra) (māra)
    mfn. ( %{mR}) killing, destroying
    m. death, pestilence VarBr2S. AV.Paris3.
    slaying, killing Ra1jat. (cf. %{pazu-m-})
    an obstacle, hindrance Va1s.
    the passion of love, god of love Hariv. Ka1v. Katha1s.
    (with Buddhists) the Destroyer, Evil One (who tempts men to indulge their passions and is the great enemy of the Buddha and his religion
    four Ma1ras are enumerated in Dharmas. 80, viz. %{skandha-}, %{kleza-}, %{devaputra-}, and %{mRtyu-m-}
    but the later Buddhist theory of races of gods led to the figment of millions of Ma1ras ruled over by a chief Ma1ra) MWB. 208 &c.
    the thorn-apple
    (%{I}) f. killing, slaughter Prasannar.
    pestilence (also personified as the goddess of death and identified with Durga1) AV.Paris3. Katha1s. Pur.
  446. मारण (māraṇa) (māraṇa)
    n. killing, slaying, slaughter, death, destruction MaitrS. Mn. Hariv. &c. (%{-Nam@praAp}, to suffer death)
    a magical ceremony having for its object the destruction of an enemy (also %{-karman} and %{-kRtya} n.) Ra1matUp. Pan5car.
    (scil-. %{astra}), `" slayer "'N. of a partic. mystical weapon R.
    calcination Cat.
    a kind of poison (cf. %{maraNa})
    (%{I}) f. `" slayer "'N. of one of the 9 Samidhs Gr2ihya1s.
  447. मारिष (māriṣa) (māriṣa)
    m. (perhaps fr. Pa1li %{mArisa} = %{mAdRza}, `" colleague "'
    cf. %{mArSa}) a worthy or respectable man (esp. in the voc. as a term of address = `" worthy friend "' or `" dear sir "' [812,1]
    in dram. applied to the manager or one of the principal actors) MBh. Ka1v. BhP.
    Amaranthus Oleraceus Bhpr. pl N. of a people MBh.
    (%{A}) f. N. of the mother of Daksha Hariv. Pur.
    of the wife of S3u1ra Pur., of a river MBh.
  448. मारीच (mārīca) (mārīca)
    mfn. belonging or relating to or composed by Mari1ci, Madhus
    m. (patr. fr. %{marIci}) N. of Kas3yapa MBh. R. &c.
    a royal elephant
    a species of plant (= %{kakkola})
    N. of a Ra1kshasa MBh. Hariv. R.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a Buddhist goddess Dharmas. 4
    of the mother of Gautama Buddha (= %{mAyA-devI})
    of an Apsaras
    of the wife of Parjanya VP. n. (fr %{marIca}) a grove of pepper plants Ragh.
    N. of Comm. on Siddha4ntas3, .
  449. मारुत (māruta) (māruta)
    or %{mAruta4} mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{marut}) relating or belonging to the Maruts, proceeding from or consisting of the MMaruts RV. &c. &c.
    relating to or derived from the wind, windy, aerial Mn. Hariv. &c.
    m. N. of Vishn2u RV.
    of Rudra VarBr2S.
    a son of the Maruts (applied to Va1yu, Urdhva-nabhas, Dyuta1na or Nita1na) VS. TS. Br. S3rS.
    (= %{marut}) wind, air, the god of wind Mn. MBh. &c.
    vital air, one of the 3 humours of the body Sus3r.
    breath S3iksh.
    a chief of the Maruts g. %{parzv-Adi}
    N. of a Marut Ya1jn5. Sch.
    of Agni Gr2ihya1s.
    pl. the Maruts (regarded as children of Diti) MBh. R.
    N. of a people MBh. (B.
    C. %{maDaka})
    (%{A}) f. N. of a woman Va1s., Introd.
    (%{I}) f. (scil. %{diz} or %{vidiz}) the north-west quarter VarBr2S.
    n. (scil. %{Rkska} or %{nakSatra}) the constellation Sva1ti
    N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
  450. मारुति (māruti) (māruti)
    m. (fr. %{marut} or %{mAruta}) patr. of Dyuta1na RAnukr.
    of Bhi1ma MBh.
    of Hanumat Ka1v.
  451. मार्कण्डेय (mārkaṇḍeya) (mārkaṇḍeya)
    m. (fr. %{mRkaNDu} or %{-Da})
    cf. g. %{zubhrA7di} patr. of an ancient sage (the reputed author or narrator of the Ma1rkan2d2eya-pura1n2a) MBh. R. &c. (pl.) the descendants of MMa1rkan2d2eya Sam2ska1rak.
    (%{I}) f. N. of the wife of Rajas VP.
    n. N. of a Tirtha
    mfn. composed by MMa1rkan2d2eya Pur. Madhus.
  452. मार्ग (mārga) (mārga)
    m. (in most meanings fr. %{mRga}, of which it is also the Vr2iddhi form in comp.) seeking, search, tracing out, hunting
    (exceptionally also n.
    ifc. f. %{A}) the track of a wild animal, any track, road, path, way to (loc. or comp.) or through (comp.), course (also of the wind and the stars) Mn. MBh. &c. (%{mArgaM-dA} or %{yam}, with gen. of pers., to give up the way to, allow to pass
    %{mAgeNa} ifc. = by way of i.e. through, across or along
    with %{yA}, to go the way of i.e. suffer the same fate as
    %{mArgais} ifc., through
    %{mArgAya}, with gen., in order to make way for any one
    %{mArge}, by the wayside or on the way
    with %{pra-cal}, to set out on one's way
    %{nijamArgaM-gam}, to go one's way)
    a walk, journey VarBr2S.
    reach, range Kir.
    a scar, mark (left by a wound &c.) Ragh.
    (in medic.) a way, passage, channel (in any part of the body, esp. the intestinal canal, anus)
    a way, expedient, means Ka1m. Katha1s. (%{mArgeNa}, by means of. VarBr2S.)
    a way, manner method, custom, usage Up. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    the right way, proper course MBh. Hariv. (cf. %{AmArga}
    (with Buddhists) the way or path pointed out by Buddha for escape from the misery of existence (one of the 4 noble. truths) MWB. 44 (cf. %{AryA7STAGga-m-})
    a title or head in law, ground for litigation Mn. viii, 3, 9 &c.
    a way of speaking or writing, diction, style Ka1vya7d. Sa1h.
    a high (opp. to `" vulgar "') style of acting or dancing or singing Inscr. Das3ar.
    (in dram.) pointing out the way, indicating how anything is to take place Das3ar. Sa1h.
    (in astrol.) the 7th mansion VarYogay.
    (in geom.) a section W.
    musk(cf. %{mRga-mada})
    the month Ma1rgas3i1rsha (November-December) Ra1jat.
    the constellation Mr2iga-s3iras
    N. of Vishn2u (as `" the way "', scil. to final emancipation) MBh.
    mf(%{I})n. belonging to or coming from game or deer R. Var. Sus3r.
  453. मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa) (mārgaśīrṣa)
    mf(%{I})n. born under the constellation Mr2iga-s3ras Pa1n2. 4-3, 37 Sch.
    m. (also with %{mAsa}) N. of the month in which the full moon enters the constconstellation Mr2iga-s3iras, the 10th or (in later times) the 1st month in the year = November-December, Kaus3 Mn. MBh. &c.
    (%{I} or %{A}) f. (with or without %{paurNamAsI}) the day on which the full moon enters the constconstellation Mr2iga-s3iras, the 15th dday of the first half of the month Ma1rgas3i1rsha, Gr2S MBh.
    %{-mAhditmya} n.
    %{-SA7di-pUjA} f. N. of wks.
  454. मार्गिन् (mārgin) (mārgin)
    m. one who clears or guards or shows the way, a pioneer or a guide R.
  455. मार्जन (mārjana) (mārjana)
    mf(%{I})n. wiping away, cleaning, a cleaner (see %{keza-}, %{gAtra-}, %{-grIh-m-})
    m. Syniplocos Racemosa
    (%{A}) f. wiping off, washing, purifying Ba1lar.
    the sound of a drum Ma1lav. Ba1lar.
    (prob.) the parchment stretched at the ends of a drum Ba1lar. ii, 24/25 performance with the fingers on a musical instrument (of which there are 3 kinds)
    (%{I}) f. purification A1pS3r.
    a broom, besom, brush Ka1v. Katha1s.
    a washerwoman (as an abusive term) La1t2y.
    (in music) a partic. S3ruti Sam2gi1t.
    N. of one of Durga1's female attendants
    n. wiping away, rubbing, sweeping, cleansing, purifying Gr2S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    (also %{A} f.), rubbing the ends of a drum with ashes or mud S3is3.
    `" purifying (one's self with water) "', part of a religious ceremony at the morning Sam2dhys RTL. 403
    (ifc.) removal, effacement of, amends for Sa1h.
  456. मार्जार (mārjāra) (mārjāra)
    m. a cat (prob. so called from its habit of constantly cleaning itself) Mn. MBh. &c.
    a wild cat MBh. R. Sus3r.
    a civet-cat
    Plumbago Rosea
    Terminalia Katappa
    Agati Grandiflora
    N. of a poet Cat.
    (%{I}) f. a female cat Ma1rkP. Ra1jat.
    a civet-cat
    another animal (= %{kodrnga})
    musk L.
  457. मार्जारक (mārjāraka) (mārjāraka)
    m. a cat MBh.
    a peacock (cf. %{mArjAra})
    (%{ikA}) f. a civet-cat
  458. मार्तण्ड (mārtaṇḍa) (mārtaṇḍa)
    m. (later form of %{martANDa} q.v.) the sun or the god of the sun MBh. R., &c. (often ifc. in titles of books
    cf. %{chandoprameya-m-} &c.)
    a statue of the sun-god Ra1jat.
    N. of various authors (cf. comp)
    pl. the A1dityas (and therefore a symbolical N. for the number `" twelve "') S3rutab.
    a hog, boar L.
  459. मार्ताण्ड (mārtāṇḍa) (mārtāṇḍa)
    m. (fr. %{mRtA7NDa}) `" sprung from a (seemingly) lifeless egg "', a bird RV. Br.
    `" bird in the sky "', the sun (= or v.l. for, %{mArtaNDa}) Ra1jat.
  460. मार्त्तिकावत (mārttikāvata) (mārttikāvata)
    (prob.) m. (fr. %{mRttikA-vatI}) N. of a country MBh.
    m. a prince of MMa1rttika1vata Va1s., Introd.
    pl. N. of a people MBh. Var.
    of a princely race Hariv. VP.
    (prob.) u. N. of a town MBh.
  461. मार्दव (mārdava) (mārdava)
    m. (fr. %{mRdu}) patr. g. %{bidA7di}
    a partic. mixed caste(prob. w.r. for %{mArgava} q.v.)
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) softness (lit. and fig.), pliancy, weakness, gentleness, kindness, leniency towards (with gen. e.g. %{m-sarva-bhUtAnAm}, leniency towards all beings) A1past. Ya1jn5. R. &c.
  462. मार्मिक (mārmika) (mārmika)
    mfn. (fr. %{marman}) versed in, familiar or acquainted with anything (loc. or comp.) Bha1m.
  463. माल (māla) (māla)
    m. (derivation doubtful) N. of a district (lying west and south-west of Bengal) Megh.
    of one of the 7 islands, of Antara-dvilpa L., of Vishn2u
    of the son of a Su1dra and a Su1ta
    pl. N. of a barbarous tribe or people MBh.
    (%{A}) f. see col. 3
    n. a field Inscr. MBh.
    a forest or wood near a village
    fraud, artifice
    (in some comp.) = ma1la1, a wreath, garland.
  464. मालय (mālaya) (mālaya)
    1 Nom. (fr. %{mAlA}) P. %{-yati} (for 2. see p. 814, col. 1), to crown or wreathe Up. (cf. Pa1n2. 7-4, 2 Sch.) 2 mfn. (for 1. see p. 813, col. 3) coming from the Malaya mountains Nalo7d.
    m. sandal-wood
    N. of a son of Garud2s MBh.
    n. a caravansery Sa1h.
    the unguent prepared from sandal W.
    %{-malaya-dvIpa}
  465. माला (mālā) (mālā)
    f. a wreath, garland, crown Gr2S3rS. MBh. &c.
    a string of beads, necklace, rosary. Ka1v. Pan5cat. (cf. %{akSa-} and %{ratna-m-})
    a row, line, streak MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a series, regular succession (with %{nAmnAm}, a collection of words arrayed in a series, a vocabulary, dictionary
    cf. %{nAma-m-})
    a kind of Krama-pa1tha (cf. %{krama-mAlA})
    N. of various metres Col.
    (in rhet.) a series of epithets or similes W.
    (in dram.) a series of offerings for obtaining any object of desire (S3ak. iii, 17) Sa1h.
    (in astrol.) a partic. Dala-yoga (q.v.) VarBr2S. Sch.
    Trigonella Corniculata
    N. of a river MBh.
    of a glossary. %{mAlin} see p. 813, col. 3.
  466. मालव (mālava) (mālava)
    m. N. of a country (Malwa in central India
    pl. its inhabitants) AV.Paris3. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    m. (with or scil. %{nRpati}) a prince of the Ma1lavas MBh. Hariv. Var.
    a horse-keeper
    (in music) a partic. Ra1ga Sam2gi1t.
    a white-flowering Lodhra
    N. of a man Ra1jat.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river MBh.
    (%{I}) f. a princess of the MMalwa Pa1n2. 5-3, 114 Sch.
    N. of the wife of As3va-pati and progenitress of the MMalwa MBh.
    (in music) a partic. Ra1gin2i1 Sam2gi1t. (printed %{bhAlavI})
    a kind of Pra1kr2it metre Col.
    Clypea Hernandifolia
    n. (with %{pura}) N. of a
    mf(%{I})n. relating or belonging to the MMalwa MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  467. मालवक (mālavaka) (mālavaka)
    mfn. worshipping Ma1lava Pa1n2. 4-2, 104 Va1rtt. 18 Pat.
    m. the country of MMa1lava Inscr.
    the adulterous offspring of S3u1dra parents whose mother's husband is still alive
    (%{ikA}) f. Ipomoea Turpethum
    N. of a woman (see next).
  468. मालविकाग्निमित्र (mālavikāgnimitra) (mālavikāgnimitra)
    n. `" Ma1lavika1 and Agnimitra "'N. of a drama by Ka1lida1sa.
  469. मालव्य (mālavya) (mālavya)
    mfn. relating or belonging to Ma1lava (%{-deza} m. N. of a country Cat.)
    m. a prince of the Ma1lavas, %{pAN}. v, 3, 114 Sch.
    N. of 5 classes of extraordinary men (%{mahA-puruSAH}) born under partic. constellations VarBr2S.
  470. मालिन् (mālin) (mālin)
    mfn. garlanded, crowned, encircled or surrounded by (instr. or comp.) A1past. MBh. &c.
    (%{I}) m. a gardener, florist (cf. f.)
    N. of a son of the Ra1kshasa Su-keS3a R. (cf. %{mAli})
    (%{inI}) f. see next.
  471. माल्य (mālya) (mālya)
    m. patr. Pan5cavBr. (also pl. Sam2ska1rak.)
    (%{A}) f. Trigonella, Corniculata
    n. a wreath, garland, chaplet Gr2S3rS. Up. Mn. &c.
    a flower
    mfn. relating to a garland W. &c. see col. 1.
  472. माष (māṣa) (māṣa)
    m. (n. g. %{ardharcA7di}) a bean RV. &c. &c. (sg. the plant
    pl. the fruit
    in later times = Phaseolus Radiatus, a valued kind of pulse having seeds marked with black and grey spots)
    a partic. weight of gold (= 5 Kr2ishn2alas= 1/10 Suva1rn2a
    the weight in common use is said to be about 17 grains troy) Mn. Ya1jn5.
    a cutaneous eruption resembling beans
    a fool, blockhead
    N. of a man g. %{bAhv-Adi}
    pl. (with or scil. %{akRSTAH}) `" wild beans "'N. of a R2ishi-gan2s (the children of S3u-rabhi, to whom RV. ix, 86, 1-10 is ascribed) RAnukr. R. Hariv.
    (%{I}) f. see below.
  473. माषक (māṣaka) (māṣaka)
    m. a bean Sus3r.
    m. n. a partic. weight of gold &c. (= 7 or 8 Gun5ja1s acc. to some about 4 1/2 grains) Mn. VarBr2S. Sus3r. (cf. %{paJca-m-}).
  474. मास (māsa) (māsa)
    m. (or n. Siddh.) the moon (see %{pUrNa-m-})
    a month or the 12th part of the Hindu1 year (there are 4 kinds of months, viz. the solar, %{saura}
    the natural, %{sAvana}
    the stellar, %{nAkSatra}, and the lunar, %{cA7ndra}
    the latter, which is the most usual and consists of 30 Tithis, being itself of two kinds as reckoned from the new or full moon cf. IW. 179
    for the names of the months see ib. 173 n. 3) RV. &c. &c. (%{mAsam}, for a month
    %{mAsam@ekam}, for one month
    %{mAsena}, in the course of a month
    %{mAse}, in a mmonth = after the lapse of a mmonth)
    a symbolical N. for the number `" twelve "' Su1ryas.
  475. माहात्म्य (māhātmya) (māhātmya)
    n. (fr. %{mahA7tman}) magnanimity, highmindedness MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    exalted state or position, majesty, dignity ib.
    the peculiar efficacy or virtue of any divinity or sacred shrine &c. W. (cf. RTL. 433)
    a work giving an account of the merits of any holy place or object W. (cf. %{devI-m-} &c.)
  476. माहेश्वरी (māheśvarī) (māheśvarī)
    f. the Consort or Energy of S3iva (one of the seven divine Ma1tr2is, also = Durga1) MBh. (cf. IW. 522)
    N. of a river S3atr.
    a species of climbing plant
    %{-tantra} n. N. of a Tantra.
  477. मित (mita) (mita)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see below) fixed, set up, founded, establishedSa1n3khS3r.
    firm, strong (see comp.)
    cast, thrown, scattered W.
  478. मित (mita) (mita)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see below) fixed, set up, founded, establishedSa1n3khS3r.
    firm, strong (see comp.)
    cast, thrown, scattered W.
  479. मितम्पच (mitampaca) (mitampaca)
    mf(%{A})n. cooking a measured portion of food Pa1n2. 3-2, 34
    small-sized (said of a cooking utensil) Das3.
    sparing, stingy, a miser Hit.
  480. मिति (miti) (miti)
    1 f. (for 2. see p. 816, col. 1) fixing, erecting, establishing RV.
  481. मित्र (mitra) (mitra)
    1 m. (orig. %{mit-tra}, fr. %{mith} or %{mid}
    cf. %{medin}) a friend, companion, associate(in later language mostly n.)
    N. of an A1ditya (generally invoked together with Varun2a cf. %{mitrA-v-}, and often associated with Aryaman q.v.
    Mitra is extolled alone in RV. iii, 59, and there described as calling men to activity, sustaining earth and sky and beholding all creatures with unwinking eye
    in later times he is considered as the deity of the constellation Anura1dha1, and father of Utsarga) RV. &c. &c.
    the sun Ka1v. &c. (cf. comp.)
    N. of a Marut Hariv.
    of a son of Vasisht2ha and various other men Pur.
    of the third Muhu1rta
    du. = %{mitra4-varuNa} RV.
    (%{A}),f. N. of an Apsaras MBh. (B. %{citrA})
    of the mother of Maitreya and Maitreyi1 S3am2k. on ChUp. BhP.
    of the mother of S3atru-ghna (= %{su-mitrA})(W. %{I})
    n. friendship RV.
    a friend, companion (cf. m. above) TS. &c, &c.
    (with %{aurasa}) a friend connected by blood-relationship Hit.
    an ally (a prince whose territory adjoins that of an immediate neighbour who is called %{ari}, enemy. Mn. vii, 158 &c., in this meaning also applied to planets VarBr2S.)
    a companion to = resemblance of (gen.
    ifc. = resembling, like) Ba1lar. Vcar.
    N. of the god Mitra (enumerated among the 10 fires) MBh.
    a partic. mode of fighting Hariv. (v.l. for %{bhinna}).
  482. मित्रवत् (mitravat) (mitravat)
    mfn. having frfriends MBh. R. Pan5cat.
    m. N. of a demon (said to steal oblations) MBh.
    of a son of the 12th Manu Hariv. Ma1rkP.
    of a son of Kr2ishn2a Hariv.
    (%{atI}) f. N. of a daughter of Kr2Kr2shn2a ib. -2. ind. like a frfriend (acc.) Ka1v.
  483. मित्रावरुण (mitrāvaruṇa) (mitrāvaruṇa)
    vi. du. Mitra and Varun2a RV. &c. &c. (together they uphold and rule the earth and sky, together they guard the world, together they promote religious rites, avenge sin, and are the lords of truth and light cf. under 1. %{mitra4} above [816,3]
    %{-Nayor@ayanam} and %{-Nayor@iSTiH}N. of partic. sacrifices
    %{-NayoH@saMyojanam}N. of a Sa1man) RV. VS. Br. &c. (sg., w.r. for %{maitrAvaruNa} Hariv.)
    %{-vat} mfn. accompanied by Mitra and Varun2a RV.
    %{-samIrita} mfn. impelled by MMitra and VVarun2a TBr.
  484. मिथि (mithi) (mithi)
    m. N. of a son of Nimi and prince of Mi4thila1 R. (cf. IW. 511 n. 1).
  485. मिथिल (mithila) (mithila)
    m. N. of a king (the founder of Mithila1) = %{mithi} BhP.
    pl. N. of a people (prob. the inhabitants of Mithila1) MBh. VarBr2S.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a city said to have been founded by Mithi or Mithila (it was the capital of Videha or the modern Tirhut, and residence of King Janaka) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    of a school of law IW. 302 &c.
  486. मिथुन (mithuna) (mithuna)
    mf(%{A})n. paired, forming a pair
    m. a pair (male and female
    but also `" any couple or pair "' RV. &c. &c., usually du., in later language mostly n.
    ifc. f. %{A})
    n. pairing, copulation TS. &c. &c.
    a pair or couple (= m.
    but also `" twins "') MBh.
    (also m.) the sign of the zodiac Gemini or the third arc of 30 degrees in a circle Su1ryas. Var. Pur.
    the other part, complement or companion of anything MBh. (also applied to a kind of small statue at the entrance of a temple VarBr2S.)
    honey and ghee
    (in gram.) root compounded with a Preposition Siddh.
  487. मिथ्या (mithyā) (mithyā)
    ind. (contracted from %{mithUyA4}) invertedly, contrarily, incorrectly, wrongly, improperly S3Br. &c. &c. (with Caus, of %{kR}, to pronounce a word wrongly `" once "' [P.] or `" repeatedly "' [A1.] Pa1n2. 1-3, 71
    with %{pra-car}, to act wrongly Mn. ix, 284
    with %{pra-vRt}, to behave improperly MBh. iii, 2414)
    falsely, deceitfully, untruly Mn. MBh. &c. (often with %{brU}, %{vac} or %{vad}, to speak falsely, utter a lie
    with %{kR}, to deny MBh.
    to break one's word, with %{na-kR}, to keep it) R.
    with %{bhU}, to turn out or prove false MBh.
    not in reality, only apparently Madhus.
    to no purpose, fruitlessly, in vain MaitrUp. MBh. &c. (ibc. often = false, untrue, sham
    Mithya1 is personified as the wife of A-dharma KalkiP.) &c. see col. l.
  488. मिलन (milana) (milana)
    n. coming together, meeting, contact, union Amar. Gi1t.
  489. मिलित (milita) (milita)
    mfn. met, encountered, united &c.
    happened, occurred Ka1v.
    (ifc.) connected or combined or mixed or furnished with Pan5cat.
  490. मिलिन्द (milinda) (milinda)
    m. a l)ee Bha1m.
    N. of a king (= Menander) Buddh.
  491. मिश्र (miśra) (miśra)
    mf(%{A4})n. (prob. fr. a Iost %{miz} cf. under %{mikS}) mixed, mingled, blended, combined RV. &c. &c. (%{vacAMsi@mizrA} 1. %{kR} A. %{-kRNute}, to mingle words, talk together RV. x, 93, 1) [818,1]
    manifold, diverse, various TS. &c. &c.
    mixed or connected or furnished with, accompanied by (instr. with or without %{samam} gen. or comp.
    rarely %{mizra} ibc. cf. %{mizra-vAta}) VS. &c. &c.
    pl. (ifc. after honorific epithets = &c.
    e.g. %{Arya-mizrAH}, respectable or honourable people &c.
    often also in sg. ifc. and rarely ibc. with proper names by way of respect cf. %{kRSNa-}, %{madhu-m} and comp. below)
    mixing, adulterating: (cf. %{dhAnyam-})
    m. a kind of elephant
    (in music) a kind of measure Sam2gi1t.
    N. of various authors and other men (also abbreviation for some names ending in %{mizra} e.g. for Madana-, Mitra-, Va1caspati-mis3ra) Cat.
    n. principal and interest Lalit. (cf. %{-dhana})
    a species of radish L.
  492. मिहिर (mihira) (mihira)
    m. (accord. to Un2. i, 52 fr. 1. %{mih}, but prob. the Persian $) the sun MBh. Ka1v. &c. (L. also `" a cloud
    wind
    the moon
    a sage "')
    N. of an author (= %{varAha-m-}) Cat.
    of a family VP.
  493. मीन (mīna) (mīna)
    m. (derivation fr. 1. %{mI} very doubtful in spite of Un2. iii, 3, ) a fish Mn. MBh. &c.
    the sign of the zodiac Pisces R. VarBr2S. Pur.
    N. of a teacher of Yoga Cat.
    (%{A}) f. a stick
    N. of a daughter of Usha1 and wife of Kas3yapa Pur.
  494. मीनाक्षी (mīnākṣī) (mīnākṣī)
    f. a species of Soma-plant or of Du1rva1 grass
    N. of a daughter of Kubera Pur.
    of a deity (the deified daughter of a Pan2d2ya king, esp. worshipped in Madura1 and also called Mi1na1ci) RTL. 228
    442 n. 1
    %{-cUrNikA} f. %{-paJca-ratna} n. %{-pariNaya} m. N. of wks.
    %{-sundare7zvara} m. N. of a temple sacred to Mi1na7kshi and S3iva (considered as her husband) RTL.441 n. 1
    %{-stava-rAja} m. %{stotra} n. N. of wks.
  495. मीमांसक (mīmāṁsaka) (mīmāṃsaka)
    m. (fr. Desid, of %{man}) as examiner, investigator, prover (cf. %{kAvya-m-})
    a, follower of the Mi1ma1n6sa1 system (see below) TPra1t. Sam2k.
    (%{ikA}) f. the Mi1ma1nsa1 system Hcat.
  496. मीमांसा (mīmāṁsā) (mīmāṃsā)
    f. profound thought or reflection or Consideration, investigation, examination, discussion S3Br. TA1r.
    theory (cf. %{kAvya-m-})
    `" examination of the Vedic text "'N. of one of the 3 great divisions of orthodox Hindu1 philosophy (divided into 2 systems, viz. the Pu1rva-mi1na1n6sa1 or Karma-mi1ma1n6sa1 by Jamini, concerning itself chiefly with the correct incalled the Mima1n6sa1
    and the Uttara-mima1n6sa1 or Brahma-mmima1n6sa1 or S3a1ri1raka-mmima1n6sa1 by Ba1dara1yan2a, commonly styled the Veda7nta and dealing chiefly with the nature of Brahma8 or the one universal Spirit) IW. 46
    98 &c.
  497. मीमांस्य (mīmāṁsya) (mīmāṃsya)
    mfn. to be thought over or reflected upon, to be examined or considered Gobh. KenUp. (cf. %{a-m-}).
  498. मीर (mīra) (mīra)
    m. the sea, ocean Un2. ii, 25 Sch. (L. also `" a partic. part of a mountain
    a limit, boundary
    a drink, beverage "').
  499. मुच् (muc) (muc)
    1 cl. 1. A1. %{mocate}, to cheat Dha1tup. vi, 12 (= %{mac} q.v.) 2 cl. 6. P. A1. (Dha1tup. xxviii, / 136) %{muJca4ti}, %{-te} (RV. also, %{muca4nti}, %{mucasva}
    p. %{muJcAna} MBh.
    pf., %{mumo4ca}, %{mumuce4}, Ved, also, %{mumo4cat}, %{mu4mocati}, %{mumucas}, %{mumoktu}, %{amumuktam}
    aor. %{a4mok} AV.
    Impv. %{mogdhi4} TA1r.
    %{amauk} Br.
    %{a4mucat} AV.
    %{amukSi}, %{mukSata}
    Prec. %{mucISta} RV.
    %{mukSIya} ib.
    fut, %{moktA}, Kalid.
    %{mokSyati}, %{-te} Br. &c.
    inf. %{moktum} Br. &c.
    ind p. %{muktvA4} ib., %{-mu4cya} RV., %{mo4kam}, Br), to loose, let loose, free, let go, slacken, release, liberate from, (abl. or %{-tas})
    A1. and Pass. with abl. or instr., rarely with gen. `" to free one's self, get rid of, escape from "') RV. &c, &c. (with %{kaNTham}, to relax the throat i.e. raise a cry
    with %{razmIn}, to slacken the reins
    with %{prA7NAn}, to deprive of life, kill)
    to spare, let live R.
    to set free, allow to depart, dismiss, despatch to, (`" loc. or dat.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to relinquish, abandon, leave, quit, give up, set aside, depose ib. (with %{kalevaram}, %{deham}, %{prA7NAn} or %{jIvitam}, to quit the body or give up the ghost i.e. to die)
    to yield, grant, bestow Ra1jat. Campak.
    to send forth, shed, emit, utter, discharge, throw, cast, hurl, shoot at (`" or upon "' loc. dat., or acc. with or without %{prati}
    with abl. and %{AtmAnam}, to throw one's self down from) Ya1jn5. MBh. R. &c.
    (A1) to put on Bhat2t2. (Sch.): Pass. %{mucya4te} (or %{mu4cyate}, ep. also %{-ti} and fut. %{mokSyati}
    aor. %{a4moci}), to be loosed, to be set free or released RV. &c. &c.
    to deliver one's self from, to get rid of, escape (esp. from sin or the bonds of existence) Mn. MBh. &c.
    to abstain from (abl.) Pan5cat.
    to be deprived or destitute of (instr.) MBh.: Caus. %{mocayati} (m. c. also %{-te}
    aor. %{amUmucat}), to cause to loose or let go or give up or discharge or shed (with two acc.) Megh. Bhat2t2.
    to unloose, unyoke, unharness (horses) MBh. R.
    to set free, liberate, absolve from (abl.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    to redeem (a pledge) Ya1jn5.
    to open (a road) Prab.
    to give away, spend, bestow Ma1rkP.
    to gladden, delight, yield enjoyment Dha1tup. xxxiii, 66: Desid. of Caus. %{mumocayiSati}, to wish to deliver (from the bondage of existence) S3am2k. (cf., %{mumocayiSu}): Desid. %{mumukSati}, %{-te}, (P.) to wish or be about to set free Pa1n2. 7-4, 57 Sch.
    to be about to give up or relinquish (life) Katha1s.
    to wish or intend to cast or hurl Ragh.
    (A1.) to wish to free one's self Pa1n2. 7-4, 57 Sch.
    to desire final liberation or beatitude RV. BhP. (cf. %{mokS}): Intens. %{momucyate} or %{monokti} Gr. [Cf. Gk. $, $, $
    Lat. &248859[820,3] {mungo}, {mucus}.] 3 mfn. freeing or delivering from (see %{aMho-m-})
    letting go or letting fall, dropping, discharging, shooting, sending (see %{jala-}, %{parNa-}, %{sAyaka-m-} &c.)
    f. deliverance (see %{a-mu4c}).
  500. मुकुट (mukuṭa) (mukuṭa)
    m. n. (ifc. f. %{A}) a tiara, diadem, crown (said to be crescent-shaped
    the %{kirIt}, a being pointed, and the %{mauli} having three points) Inscr. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a crest, point, head (see %{trim-} )
    N. of an author (= %{rAya-m-}) Cat.
    Pl. N. of a people MBh.
    (%{A}). f. N. of one of the Ma1tr2is attending on S3kanda MBh.
    (%{I}) f. snapping the fingers
    n. N. of a Tirtha Cat.