aestuo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From aestus (undulating, waving; heat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

present active aestuō, present infinitive aestuāre, perfect active aestuāvī, supine aestuātum

  1. I am in agitation or violent commotion, move to and fro, writhe, rage, toss, boil up, heave.
    • c. 99 BCE – 55 BCE, Lucretius, De rerum natura 5.1097
      et ramosa tamen cum ventis pulsa vacillans / aestuat in ramos incumbens arboris arbor
      Yet also when a many-branched tree, / beaten by winds, writhes swaying to and fro, pressing 'gainst branches of a neighbour tree
  2. (of fire) I burn, blaze, rage.
    • c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE, Virgil, Georgicon 4.263
      [] aestuat ut clausis rapidus fornacibus ignis
      [] as the rapacious fire blazes in a sealed furnace
  3. (of the effect of fire) I am warm or hot, swelter, glow, burn.
    • c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE, Virgil, Georgicon 1.107
      [] et cum exustus ager morientibus aestuat herbis / ecce []
      [] and see, when the scorched land burns with the grasses withering []
  4. (of water) I rise in waves or billows, surge, whirl, seethe.
    • 23 BCE – 13 BCE, Horace, Odes 2.6.4
      [] ubi Maura semper / aestuat unda
      [] and Moorish wave / that whirls the sand.
  5. (figuratively, of emotions) I burn with desire, am agitated or excited, am inflamed, fret.
    • 70 BCE, Cicero, In Verrem 2.2.55
      quod ubi auditum est aestuare illi qui pecuniam dederant
      And when this was known, they began to fret who had paid the money.
  6. (figuratively, of emotions) I vacillate, hesitate, am in doubt or undecided.
    • c. 95 CE, Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria 10.7.33
      sic anceps inter utrumque animus aestuat []
      Consequently, the mind will waver in doubt between the two alternatives []

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • aestuo in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879