bērns

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Latvian[edit]

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 Bērns on Latvian Wikipedia

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Bērni

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *berns, with lengthening ([èɾ] > [æ̀ːɾ]), from Proto-Baltic *bernas, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- with an extra -no-s. The meaning evolved from “carry, bear” > “carried thing, burden” > “baby (being carried by pregnant woman)” > “child.” Cognates include Lithuanian bérnas (young, unmarried man; child; boy; servant), Sudovian barnaj (children) (< *bernai), Proto-Germanic *barną (child) (Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐍂𐌽 (barn), Swedish barn). In the sense of “burden,” also Proto-Slavic *bermę < *bermen- (Russian dialectal беремя (berémja, burden; lap)), Old Armenian բեռն (beṙn), Ancient Greek φέρνη (phérnē, dowry); in the sense of “pregnant,” Russian беременная (berémennaja), Polish brzemienna, from brzemienny (full of cargo); and in the sense of “to be born, birth,” Ancient Greek φέρμα (phérma, fruit of the earth), Old English ġeberan (to bring forth, to give birth), German gebären, English bear, be born.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bērns m (1st declension)

  1. child (boy or girl up to approximately 14 years of age)
    mazs bērns — small child
    raudošs bērns — crying, weeping child
    nerātns bērns — naughty child
    neiznests bērns — premature (lit. not-fully-carried) child
    ārlaulības, nelikumīgs bērns — out-of-wedlock, illegitimate child
    bērna audzināšana — a child's education
    auklēt bērnu — to baby-sit a child
    kopt bērnu — to care for a child
    mācīt bērnu — to teach a child
    adoptēt bērnu — to adopt a child
    bērnu ratiņi — strollers (lit. little children's carts)
    bērnu' autiņi — diapers (lit. children's little cloths)
    bērnu nams, bērnunams — orphanage (lit. children's house)
    bērnu dārzs, bērnudārzs — kindergarten (lit. children's garden)
    bērnu laukums — (children's) playground
    bērnu literatūrachildren's literature, books
    bērnu ārsts — pediatrician (lit. children's doctor)
    bērnu spēlechildren's play (= something very simple and easy)
    tu runā kā bērns — you talk like a child (= too naively, childishly)
  2. child (son or daughter, regardless of age, in relation to their parents; descendants)
    vienu vecāku bērnichildren of the same parents, siblings
    pieauguši bērnigrownup children
    viņai ir vienpadsmit bērnu: septiņas meitas un četri dēli — she has eleven children: seven daughters and four sons
    kad bērni lieli, iet tie paši ar savu galvu un vecāku prātu
  3. (colloquial) animal offspring
    “vai, māt, Brūnaļai teļinš!” meitene priecīgi sasit rokas... “Brūnaļa mani vairs nepazīst...” “viņai bail, ka tu nedari pāri viņas bērnam“oh, Mum, Brūnaļa (the cow) has a little calf!” the girl happily clapped her hands... “Brūnaļa doesn't know me anymore...” “she is afraid of what you might do to her child
  4. (poetic) person, with respect to land, people, nation, political movement, etc. to which he or she belongs}}
    tu biji krietnais tautas bērns — you were an honest, decent child of the people
    dziesma, ai dziesmiņa, skani skaļi / visur, kur Latvijas bērniem mājas! — song, oh little song, do sound loud / everywhere where Latvia's children have homes!

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “bērns” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.