caisson

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English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French caisson, from Italian cassone.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caisson (plural caissons)

  1. (engineering) An enclosure, from which water can be expelled, in order to give access to underwater areas for engineering works etc.
    • 2003, Bill Bryson, A Short History of Nearly Everything, BCA, p. 213:
      Caissons were enclosed dry chambers built on river beds to facilitate the construction of bridge piers.
  2. The gate across the entrance to a dry dock.
  3. (nautical) A floating tank that can be submerged, attached to an underwater object and then pumped out to lift the object by buoyancy; a camel.
  4. (military) A two-wheeled, horse-drawn military vehicle used to carry ammunition (and a coffin at funerals).
  5. (military) A large box to hold ammunition.
  6. (architecture) A variant of coffer.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal caisson, from caissa; compare French caisse.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caisson m (plural caissons)

  1. box

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]